- Conservation and Restoration of Horse-Drawn Vehicles
- 2020 Lady Whips Calendar
- Become a Friend
- Research Services
- Copying Services
- (DVD) Chandler’s Coach Shop: Tools and Techniques with Harley Chandler
- Horse-Drawn Funeral Vehicles
- Two-Wheeled Vehicles for Equine
- Carriage Restoration: Here’s How
- A Manual of Coaching
- 1904 Carriage Monthly 40th Anniversary Historical Number
- Springs for Horse-Drawn Vehicles
- Horse-drawn Military, Civilian, Veterinary Ambulances
- The Great Blue Army Wagon
- Horse-Drawn Cabs
- Carriage and Wagon Axles for Horse-Drawn Vehicles
- Hitch Wagons for City Driving & More
- Manual of Falling Bow Tops for Horse-Drawn Vehicles
- The Royal Mews
- Horse-Drawn Vehicles: Colored Plates from The Hub, November 1882 – January 1892
- A Treatise on Carriages
- Collection of Essays on Horse-Drawn Carriages and Carriage Parts
- The Cosons Carriage Collection at Beechdale
- Working Drawings of Horse-Drawn Vehicles
- Horse-Drawn Sleighs – 2nd Edition
- CMA Mousepad
Now back in print!
This book, first published in 1997, is a must have resource.
The purpose of this book is to help the owner of a horse drawn vehicle conserve and/or restore his vehicle in order to enhance its value or conserve an irreplaceable historical artifact. Conserving and restoring a horse drawn vehicle is a complex undertaking that requires the skills of a wide variety of artisans and craftsman knowledgeable in crafts that are no longer widely practiced or well understood. Any deviation from the materials or structures used in the original design drastically reduce the monetary and historical value of the vehicle. This book, therefore, sets out to define the levels of conservation and restoration, the specific steps involved in restoration, the sources for materials and special tools necessary for the work, and most important, names of some of the craftsmen and artisans skilled in the special talents required to produce excellent results.In addition to the steps involved in conservation and restoration, the book provides some historical background on the design, engineering and manufacture of horse drawn vehicles to help the present owner understand the value of proper conservation or restoration, and gain an appreciation for the ingenuity and brilliant skills the original builders excercised in producing his vehicle.Topics include: Research and Recording; Guidelines for Selecting a Conservator; Conservation Treatment of Horse Drawn Vehicles; Pitfalls of Restoration; Conservation Ethics; Stable and Reversable Materials; Documentation; Carriage Technology; Causes/Prevention of Deterioration; Paint Stabilization; Varnish Cleaning; Varnish Removal; Overpainting; Metal Components; Upholstery; Routine Maintenance; Dusting; Dust Covers; Varnish/Paint Maintenance; Supply Resource List; Technical Examination and Microscopic Analysis of Painted Horse Drawn Vehicles; Recipes for Varnishes; Axles; Wooden Axles; Inspecting the Axles Before Buying and Restoration; Wheels; Patent Wheels; Dish in Wheels; Hubs; Spokes; Rims; Fellowes; Color of Rubber Tires; Springs; Having New Springs Made; Faults in Spring Fixing; Spring Manufacturing; Panels; Natural Wood panels; Brass Bead Molding; Laminating Thin Layers; Painting; Preparing for Painting; Tip for Removing Rusty Screws; Gluing; Sanding; Brush Painting; Striping; Spray Painting; Colors; Scrolling; Ornamenting; Trimming and Stuffing; Floor Coverings; Upholstery; Lamps; Wicker and Cane Work; Imitation Cane Work; Sham-Caning; Drafting; Museums; etc.
Celebrate the contribution of women to the history of the sport of driving with the CMA’s 2020 Lady Whips wall calendar featuring images from the CMA archives.
-8.5 x 11″ (11×17″ open)
Premium Glossy Paper
-Printed in the USA
-$20.00 with free shipping. (Select Calendar/Free Shipping at checkout)
The Carriage Museum of America relies on the donations of its Friends to continue to fulfill its mission, to serve as an authoritative resource for information, education and research about animal-drawn vehicles and related subjects. Won’t you consider joining this group today? Your tax-deductible donation of $50 would go far towards continuing the work of the CMA.
*Please note that the website automatically adds a shipping fee to your purchase. You will not be charged for this additional fee when your payment is processed.
We are happy to help with your research or answer your questions about carriages. After you submit your question, we will contact you within a few days to discuss the details of your research.
Questions requiring less than 15 minutes of research are answered free of charge. If more in-depth research is required, you will be asked to pay a fee of $25 an hour. We will contact you before this research begins.
*Please note that the website automatically adds a shipping fee to your purchase. You will not be charged for this additional fee when your payment is processed.
Please contact the CMA library for more information.
(DVD) Chandler’s Coach Shop: Tools and Techniques with Harley ChandlerPresented by the Carriage Museum of AmericaA Woodshed Media Production © 2009
In December 2008, we spent a day with master coachmaker Harley Chandler in his workshop. Join us as he gives a tour of the projects he was working on that day, as well as the combination of modern and vintage techniques he uses to construct his masterpieces. Chandler’s Coach Shop is located in northern Kentucky, near Cincinnati Ohio and has been in operation since the 1970’s.
This is the most comprehensive book to be published on horse-drawn funeral vehicles, including hearses, undertaker’s wagons, embalmer’s wagons, pall-bearer’s coaches and florist wagons. The book features illustrations, technical drawings, and specifications for these vehicles; histories of various leading hearse manufacturers; information on trimming (lamps, fringes, and hardware) for hearses; and many other topics of related interest. The book is a compilation of materials found in many libraries and private collections. The book also contains a section on 19th century funerals of presidents and prominent citizens and military personnel.
800 illustrations, 414 pages, perfect-bound soft cover. Limited number of copies available.
From the collection of the Carriage Museum of America’s Library, this volume provides a comprehensive compilation of drawings and basic dimensions of two-wheeled horse-drawn vehicles. The main focus in on vehicles dating from 1855 to 1900, from Governess Carts to Curricles. The material is drawn from old trade journals including the Carriage Monthly and The Hub. Each vehicle is illustrated and the text provides detailed comment on style, dimensions for building, color, plus a note on the materials used for trimming. Other helpful materials included are examples of appropriate harness as well as over fifty pages of advertisments dating from 1883-1901.
Originally published in 2000, it has been out of print for a number of years. This is a limited reprint of only 100 copies. Order yours today!
342 pages, soft cover.
Now Available! Published jointly by The Carriage Museum of America and The Carriage Association of America. Newly updated and revised version of a booklet originally published by the CAA in 1983. Includes chapters on preparatory work, carriage painting and striping, carriage trimming, and imitation cane-work for carriage panels.
Softcover, 80 pp, color and b/w pictures.
A Manual of Coaching by Fairman Rogers published by the Carriage Museum of America. Limited to 250 copies. 279 pages, b/w illustrations and drawings. This reprinting was made possible through the generosity of Mr. and Mrs. Harvey Waller.
Originally copyrighted in 1899 and published in 1901, it is the “rule book” to which all coachmen worthy of the name strictly adhere. Copies of the original occupy a special place in their owners’ libraries. Recognizing the singular importance of this book, The Carriage Museum of America reprinted it in 2000, and soon sold out entirely. This newly reprinted edition is a very welcome addition to the coaching library and a handbook no real lover of carriages and coaches can ignore.
The book has 27 chapters, covering a historical analysis of the development of the coach, its components, how to drive it, how to execute neat turns, how to turn it out properly, and just about any other tidbit of information you might want about the vehicle, the harness, the proper horses, and the demeanor of the coachman. Included are 30 pages of a list of books that further amplify his observations and thoughts. Replete with the most minute information and detail about every aspect of coaching, this book is nonetheless written in a very clear, lucid style so that it is a joy to read.
The Carriage Museum of America is pleased to offer this first-time historic reprint. This valuable resource, first published in April 1904, pays tribute to the history of the carriage industry and is filled with advertisements, biographies of significant carriage manufacturers and draftsmen, accounts of key cities and organizations, and a celebration of the magazine’s own history. Publication of The Carriage Monthly spanned a period of great innovation and growth in the carriage-building industry, and this commemorative issue highlights this significant period of development.
500 pages, hard cover. Black and white images throughout.
Springs For Horse-drawn Vehicles, Edited by Susan Green and Don Peloubet published by the Carriage Museum of America. Limited to 250 copies. 254 pages, 9″ x 12″ profusely illustrated. This the first comprehensive book on the subject of springs for the gears of horse-drawn vehicles. Other springs for horse-drawn vehicles might have been for the cushions, tops, and poles, but those were not included in this book. Susan Green and Don Peloubet spent many long hours over a period of several years sorting through advertisements and articles on springs that were published in the old trade journals for carriage builders. In America the first trade journal to be published was the New York Coach-Makers Magazine in 1858, changing its name to The Hub in 1874. A second trade journal was started in Philadelphia in 1865 called the Coach-Makers International Journal, changing its name in 1873 to the Carriage Monthly. After sorting through the material from these two trade journals a second step was to cross reference the material with some 2,009 spring patents issued by the United States Patent Office.
After organizing all the material it still remained a mystery as to how they knew to calculate the spring sizing to a sixteenth of inch. John Foggett in his essay on the “Manufacture of Steel Carriage Springs,” published in 1881, mentioned a couple of people: 1. Richard Lovell Edgeworth, who lived from 1744-1817 in Ireland and France, seemed to be one of the first people to do experiments with carriages having springs, to determine if it took less draught. 2. Daniel Kinnear Clark seems to have been the first person to use mathematical calculations and engineering principles. Clark a railroad engineer first published his work on springs in 1855 in “Railway Machinery: A Treatise On the Mechanical Engineering of Railways: Embracing the Principles and Construction of Rolling and Fixed Plant.” The book includes the information of Edgeworth and Clark.
After Foggett another important work to be published was in 1912 by David Landau an engineer in the spring department of the Sheldon Axle Company, Wilkes-Barre, PA. Landau mentions a railroad engineer George R. Henderson who published his works in 1895-1896 on springs, rather late in the carriage era, but the information has been included in this book for the study of modern day carriage builders.
Another classical work on the subject of springs that has been included is an “Essay On the Suspension of Carriages,” by the noted English writer and builder William Phillipson, Newcastle-On-Tyne published in 1888.
Overall the book is an authoritative reference on the subject. It has a glossary, index, many notes, footnotes, bibliographies and cross references throughout. Since it is so authoritative our expectation is that it may lead to further studies on springs.
The archives of the Carriage Museum of America has provided the foundation for yet another unique book for horse-drawn vehicles, focusing on ambulances. There have been only a handful of books published about ambulances – some of them being very authoritative treatises.
This book compiles information that was scattered in other publications to make an unique treatise of its own standing. The first section of the book covers the military ambulance focusing on the specifications and drawings that could be found for building such vehicles. In order that civil-war re-enactors can make a complete and authentic turnout the specifications for the harness is included along with the reprinting of the text from the Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion relating to the history of the ambulance corps.
Florence Nightingale is given credit for the first organized effort of caring for wounded and injured during the Crimean War 1854-1856. At the beginning of the Civil-War caring for the wounded and injured was virtually non existent, but by the end of the war there was a highly organized ambulance corp. The Military ambulance chapter ends with specifications and drawings of the ambulance of 1900-1915 and illustrations of them in use.
The second section of the book begins with the history of civilian ambulance reprinted from an 1885 Reference Handbook of the Medical Sciences. It is around 1866 that the civilian ambulance service began to be organized in city hospitals and this chapter contains the drawings and specifications that were printed in the Hub and Carriage Monthly for the professional carriage builders–published monthly they contained the latest and best improvements in ambulances from United States, England and France.
The second part of this section of the books contains stories and illustrations of what it was like to be on an ambulance call in the city from publications like Harper’s Weekly and Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper. This section ends with illustrations of the harness for the horse for emergency vehicles–largely adapted from the harness used by fire departments. The hospital ambulance service was always striving to be the most effective, and being able to hitch the horse in the least amount of time helped to dispatch the ambulance in the quickest way to the victim.
Many people in the 21st century probably do not realized what a huge problem it was to care for all the horses on the streets. Some horses became sick through neglect and others slipped and lost their footing. Section three of the book is veterinary ambulances for horses drawn by horses–with a few small animal ambulances for cats and dogs. Henry Bergh is given credit for starting the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and establishing the use of the horse ambulance in New York City in 1869. There were horses every where on city streets and it was an enormous and overwhelming problem what to do with sick and injured horses–this often led to problems of sanitation if the horses weren’t cared for.
Private companies that had hundreds of horses in use such as the fire department and milk delivery companies soon followed suit with their own private company ambulance. Frank Leslie and Harper Bros., were listed as a members of the S. P. C. A., and their newspapers were active in trying to change public opinion and stop the abuse toward dumb animals with articles on the use of the check-rein and other abuses. Over all, section three covers a large range of topics relating to the life and death of 19th century horse–the horse plague, care of the military horse. The book ends with the “Life of 19th Century Cats and Dogs.” The book covers a variety of topics related to the horse drawn ambulances, with something of interest to anyone interested in history, horses, ambulances, or military history. ISBN 1-880499-16-9. 500 illustrations. 370 pages. Soft cover.
Wagons used and developed by the Quartermaster Department of the U.S. Army were perfected over many years and long miles on the western trail. The Six and Four-Horse or Mule Wagons, as well as the Army Escort Wagon, proved to be such an effective means of transporting supplies, that they saw extensive service well into the Twentieth Century. This exhaustive volume follows the wagons? development from the Revolutionary War through their use in the First World War. The dimensions, drawings, correct paint colors, and harness details that are included make this a valuable addition to the bookshelves of restorers and re-enactors alike.
Author Thomas Lindmier, noted Military and Western Historian, has spent 20 years researching his subject, and has restored a number of these wagons for the National Park Service.
144 pages, soft cover. Black and White photos with some color pages.
A notebook of historical facts, engineering drawings, construction details and turnouts as they happened in the 19th century. It is divided into four chapters: Specifications and Drawings for Two-Wheeled Cabs, Specifications and Drawings for Four-Wheeled Cabs, Historical Notes and Turnouts.
The two main sources of information for putting together this notebook have been all the drawings and information that could be found in Carriage Monthly published in Philadelphia and The Hub published in New York for the professional carriage builders each month. The two trade journals also reported the news of the international industry, and cabs of France and England are equally represented.
Chapter one of the notebook – Two-Wheeled Cabs – starts with the earliest English patents and early illustrations of English cabs from the Illustrated London News and ends with upholstery details for a 1908 Hansom cab. In this chapter there are eight different cabs that are illustrated with working drawings. For people wanting to build models or full sized cabs the working drawings, blue prints, engineering drawings, or architectural plans, are the most useful. Besides the working drawings, more detailed plans are included for woodworking, ironwork and upholstery.
Chapter two of the notebook – Four-Wheeled Cabs – starts with the Quarobus as illustrated in the Illustrated London News in 1844, and called a Quarobus because it seats four inside. The chapter ends with some of the earliest motorized cabs of 1900-1910.
Chapter three – Historical Notes – contains brief notes of the different manufacturers making cabs, and feature articles on: Hack Fares in Different Cities, Street Cabs Their History and Development, excerpts from Omnibuses and Cabs by Henry Charles Moore, and the Paris Cocher from Harper’s Weekly. For the fun of it this chapter also includes two pieces of sheet music: Those Horrid Yellow Cabs and Uriah McCracken the Hackman.
Chapter four – Turnouts – is illustrated with engravings and photographs that were found in the collection of the Carriage Museum of America’s library. In addition to illustrations of cabs turnout there are three illustrations from harness makers catalogs showing hansom cab harness. Over the last hundred years there have been rumors that the hansom cab was not very popular in America, this compilation of various articles and notes will supply new information to the debate.
TEMPORARILY OUT-OF-PRINT. CARRIAGE AND WAGON AXLES FOR HORSE-DRAWN VEHICLES, compiled by the Carriage Museum of America and edited by Don Peloubet. Axle-making techniques blossomed in the second half of the 19th century, at the high point of the carriage trade, following closely the development of wheel-making. This industry saw tremendous changes throughout the period, moving from individual wooden axles handmade by the wheelwright, to iron axles forged by the blacksmith, and finally to lathe-turned axle arms fabricated of iron and steel in factories specializing in axles.
Like its companion, “Wheelmaking,” this book is a compilation of articles on axle making taken from late 19th century journals published in America for the carriage industry. The articles are divided into ten sections: the first is a long, general chapter on the development of axle-making, followed by sections on axle setting, axle manufacturers, patent axles, ball/roller-bearing axles, axle types, lubrications, repair, and tools and equipment. Together they provide the reader with an in-depth look at the evolution of the art and industry of axle-making, and offer tremendous value to those interested in the actual practice of the trade, as well as those interested in the history of this important technology. Profusely illustrated, 250 pages, 9 x 12 soft cover.
This is the most comprehensive book of technical information published for Wagons, with the information being compiled from the original professional trade journals of the 19th and early 20th century. It is profusely illustrated with over 500 drawings with a text of precise dimensions to 1/16 of inch, as 19th century wagon builders were highly skilled engineers, mechanics and draftsmen.
The book is divided into seven main chapters, with the first four chapters for fashions, which show a side view and any painting ornamentation, plus the text with dimensions and description.
Chapter 1, City Wagons is a variety of heavy platform wagons: wholesaler’s butchers’ truck, three-ton coal truck, baggage transfer truck, flour and feed wagons, etc.
Chapter 2, Stake trucks is a variety of heavy platform trucks that do not have closed sides such as: the goose-neck truck, carriage delivery truck, flour and feed truck, kindling wood truck, and brick truck.
Chapter 3, Furniture Wagons has wagons with closed sides and open sides, vans and a group of piano movers wagons.
Chapter 4, Beverage Wagons has been the most requested type of wagon and includes all types of beverage wagons: wine delivery, bottled water, heavy brewery wagons, and a large group of milk wagons from the wholesale milk delivery truck to the retail milk wagon.
Chapter 5, Parts for Wagons gives more specific details for making tops, gears, brakes, seats, springs, single and double trees. Dynamometer Tests With Wagons by Prof. J. W. Sanborn, and Tests of Vehicle and Implement Woods by H. B. Holroyd & H. S. Betts are featured in Chapter 5 for additonal data.
Chapter 6, is extensive and is known as the Working Drawings (engineering drawings or blue prints) with the different views of the wagon drawn to scale with a wide variety of wagons represented: mineral water wagons, distilled water wagons, bottling wagons, stake trucks, dumping wagons, wholesale delivery trucks, lumber wagon, grain carrying wagons, brewer’s delivery wagons, furniture wagons, ice cream delivery truck, sugar barrel truck, goose neck trucks, ending with 18 drawings for milk wagons.
Chapter 7, is called “Turnouts,” this has some outstanding vintage photographs of some of the wagons hitched with the horses at work and winners of the Boston, Chicago and Philadelphia Work Horse Parades.
An index is included, which lists some of the leading wagon builders: Sebastian of New York, Rech-Markbaker of Philadelphia and others.
392 pages. Softcover.
This is the first comprehensive book on the subject of falling tops, such a book was not even available during the carriage era. The book covers a period from 1860 to 1900 and it is very specific about the different drafting and construction techniques and styles for a certain time period. The subject of curtain fasteners would fill up a book by itself. Due to limited space only the major curtain fasteners were included that were advertised in the trade journals. However, an extensive list of patents for curtain fasteners and tops is included for reference.
In-depth chapters are included for the following types of falling tops: Buggy Tops, Tops for Drop-Front Phaetons, Close Tops (Victorias, Cabriolets, Stanhope Phaetons, Portland Cutters, etc.), Extension Tops, Landau Tops, Landualet Tops. Landau tops are the most difficult tops to make and this book gives detailed illustrations for both the Lohner and Kellner system of hinges.
This book contains information that enabled carriage trimmers to draft and construct the top from scratch, therefore this would be the most comprehensive guide for people building new carriages. Restorers will find it a comprehensive book with many articles on materials, cutting and trimming. Besides being a book of instruction for builders and restorers it also acts as a chronological table for collectors and museums.
The book is a compilation of the articles from The Hub and Carriage Monthly in the library of the Carriage Museum of America. These trade journals are the most valuable primary reference resource for technical information for the horse-drawn vehicle industry. Since this information is so rare and valuable, it is the sincere wish of the Carriage Museum of America that by making this information available to others this information will be preserved for future generations. 440 pages soft cover.
[Royal Stables in London] Mary Stewart-Wilson, Photographs by David Cripps. 192 pages. Illustrated in color, hardbound. London: The Bodley Head, Ltd. There are 21 chapters, six of which are devoted to a general view of the Mews. They survey the history of the building, current practices, the harness and horse trappings, livery, and the carriages, in general. Fourteen chapters deal with the carriages themselves, a chapter devoted to each one, or to each class of vehicle.
All the famous coaches are included: Queen Alexandra’s State Coach, King Edward VII’s Town Coach, The Scottish State Coach, The Ivory-Mounted Phaeton, The Balmoral Sociable, The 1902 State Landau, and the latest coach to be built, The Australian State Coach of 1988. Here also are the Ascot Landaus, the State and Semi-State Landaus, and the Barouches. The Gold Coach of 1762, stands in the forefront.
The chapter on The Irish State Coach is especially interesting for the entire restoration of that coach in 1988 is depicted and its construction details made evident for all to see. One cannot say enough in praise of the remarkable photographs of David Cripps. They exhibit a clarity and a brilliance unknown in the carriage photography world. Page after page springs alive with series after series of them. One need only examine the photographs of the harnesses, the door handles, the livery, the carvings and the heraldry to prove the excellence of this man’s work. As an historical record of the work carried out by the staff of The Royal Mews and a compliment to its efforts to maintain standards befitting the turnouts of Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II, this book is a fitting and unparalleled effort.
The book jacket could not have put it more accurately: “What they have done is to stop the procession to allow a closer look at two and half centuries of regal splendor and service to the Crown.” You will not want to be without this book! K. W.
Five hundred copies of this book were a donation from Stewart Morris, Sr.
The Carriage Museum of America is offering the collection of 150 colored plates originally published in The Hub for the first time in a complete collection. This collection of scaled colored plates includes all classes of vehicles from sleighs, victories, broughams, surreys and runabouts to business wagons for draft horses. A text page is included with each plate with dimensions, noteworthy details on construction and commentary of style and fashion.
This book is printed on 100 lb. archival-quality paper with acid free binding. It will be a classical text to be passed down from generation to generation. The book is 9 x 12 inches with 320 pages.
Manufacturers represented: John Albert, NY, NY; Gilman A. Andrews, Salem, MA; S. R. Bailey, Amesbury, MA; J. P. Bernius, Brooklyn, NY; Columbus Buggy Company; Cortland Wagon Company; Cortland Omnibus and Cab Company, John Curley, NY, NY; Doucet and Winn, Merrimac, Massachusetts; Flandrau & Co., NY, NY; Healey & Co., NY, NY; Hollis Spring Co., Olean, NY; Hotchkin Carriage Works, Syracuse, NY; William Johnston, New Haven, CT; Phineas Jones & Co., Newark, NJ; C. P. Ketterer, NY, NY; John C.Konrad; Longstreth & Ayer Manufacturing Co., OH; E. M. MilleE & Company, Quincy, IL; Mulholland Spring Co., Dunkirk, NY; Charles Nase, Rich Hill, PA; Joseph Neuss, Germany; Clarence Gray Parker, Jersey City, NJ; Racine Wagon Company, Racine, WI; Ruby Carriage Manufacturing, Louisville, KY; Orville H. Short, Syracuse, NY; C. H. Stratton Carriage Company, Buffalo, NY; Sturtevant, Larrabee Company, Binghamton, NY; Theodore Von Gerichten, NY, NY; Von Gerichten & Stark, NY, NY; Alfred J. Walker, Tompkinsville, NY;Wilts Carriage Company, Cincinnati, OH.
It also has customize end papers with many graphics of carriage ornaments and striping.
A Treatise on CarriagesComprehending coaches, chariots, phaetons, curricles and whiskies together with their proper harness.
By William Felton. Mendham, NJ: The Astragal Press, 1996. 554 pages., b/w illustrations of original plates. Reprint from the 1796 and 1794 edition. 720 pages. 60 plates. Hard cover. 6″ x 9″. ISBN 1-879335-70-0.
In the late 18th century, William Felton wrote what has become the most comprehensive and definitive work on design and construction of elegant carriages. As Ron Vineyard writes in his preface, “Felton’s thoughts on what constituted beauty, strength, elegance and style, give us great insight into the level of skills required for such sophisticated work. His Treatise was written with the intended purpose of providing information necessary to the carriage owner.
Various styles of vehicles and the available “extras” are described in language understandable to the layman, along with helpful hints about what makes a strong, durable carriage. His statements on style, proportion and taste in carriages provided guidelines to the prospective buyer so that “poor taste” could be avoided. In essence, Felton wrote a “consumer’s guide” for the purchase, maintenance and repair of carriages.” Felton also covered the skills of related trades such as coach-smithing, coach-painting, coach-trimming, and coach harness-making and their interrelationship with coachmaking.
His book has become a classic in the field; original copies are rare and valuable. This is a marvelous resource for anyone who wants to understand the design and construction of 18th century carriages and the features that evolved into the mass-produced vehicles of the late 19th century.
Dr. Gordon S. Cantle, MSc. Tech., MIMechE., The Carriage Museum of America, Inc., 1993. 81 pages. Illustrated with line drawings and diagrams. Covered in coated paper.
The first publication to be offered by The Carriage Museum of America, is the compilation of the innumerable essays and articles written by Dr. Gordon S. Cantle. These have appeared over the years in various magazines, starting with Heavy Horses and Driving, The Carriage Journal, International Horse and Horse & Driving, among others.
Long recognized by carriage enthusiasts for his expertise and thoroughness, Dr. Cantle had found an outlet for his many talents in studying and writing about the technicalities involved in coach building and carriage-making. Some modern carriage builders have found in those articles a solution to many problems as well as explanations, which provided a deeper understanding of the principles and practices upon which the carriage industry relied for integrity.
The booklet is divided into four sections, the first of which is “Carriage Design & Construction”. Fourteen articles deal with “side-sweep and turn-under,” Fuller’s fulcrum, and edge plates, with cab-fronted two-wheelers, Cockshoot’s Driving Carts, Thrupp’s Moray Car, and Thomas Fuller’s Patent of 1823. It leads off with “The Coach Maker’s Cant Board.
Section 2 deals with “Wheels & Wheel Making,” and in it one will encounter an explanation of dishing and staggering, and discussions of the fundamental principles for fitting tires, solid rubber tires, and wedge wheels.
Section 3, “Springs & Axles,” presents “gig suspension, axle flaps and curvature”. Here is Dr. Cantle’s memorable article “Steel Spring Suspension,” as well as discussions on “antivibration devices,” Burt’s C-spring, end fastenings and Lock’s patent shackle. The final part deals with “Carriage Parts,” and discusses such things as body loops, pump handles, lever lifts and shaft harness fittings, retractable carriage steps and step treads, and automatic tops.
All of Dr. Cantle’s remarkable articles have been gathered together here, in one place, and arranged under convenient categories to make a handy reference for carriage restorer and carriage maker alike.
The Cosons Carriage Collection at BeechdaleEdited by Rodger Morrow with text by Thomas Ryder. 175 pages. Softcover with slipcase.
Printed on art paper, this beautifully produced book illustrates 96 vehicles from the Coson Collection in full color, showing details of decoration and trimming in many instances, with information about each carriage’s history and construction. The book is divided into seven sections, each with an explanatory introduction.
Additional illustrations are photographs of Mr. Coson’s handsome Hackney horses being driven to different carriages in the attractive grounds at Beechdale, making this a most complete record of one of the finest private carriage collections in the world.
This collection is NOT open to the public.
Working drawings – were considered to be the most useful for building a horse-drawn vehicle, they were usually drawn ¾ inch scale, and the best were drawn using the French or DuPont rule, showing all elevations of the vehicle on the same plane.
Because of the large number of request the Carriage Museum of America receives from people wanting to build full-size vehicles and people wanting to build models the best of 100 working drawings from the two major trade journals has been compiled into a working portfolio.
The drawings are arranged in a loose leaf binder so that they can be easily laid flat or taken out and handled at the drafting board. The drawings come with a full description plus dimensions for springs, wheels, axles and body.
Some of the 23 categories of horse-drawn vehicles that are included are Breaks, Broughams, Buckboards, Buggies, Physicians’ Coupe, Rockaways, Surreys and Park Phaetons, Town Coaches, Traps, Two Wheelers, Mail Coaches, Commercial Vehicles, Landaus, Landaulets, Phaetons, Victorias, Vis-Á-Vis, Passenger Wagons, Wagons, Wagonets. A glossary is included.
Since the first edition of the book “Horse-Drawn Sleighs,” people have been requesting more information on how to build sleighs and the definitions of terms. The second edition includes the following glossaries: parts of an Albany Cutter, parts of the shafts and thills, parts of the body, and a glossary for different types of sleighs. This book includes all of the working drawings for sleighs that could be found in the Carriage Monthly and The Hub, making a total of 250 new illustrations over all for the book.
A new section in the back of the book is “Essays On Early Sleighs and Sleighing,” in which is included as much information that could be found on the very early sleighs, something else people asked about.
The book covers almost every imaginable type of American sleigh: Albany (or swell body), Portland Cutters, speeding cutters, multi-passenger, box-body, traps and sporting sleighs, Canadian, rumble-seat, cabriolets, vis-á-vis, closed-body, and more. Not only are these various sleighs fully illustrated with the detailed line drawings, but full descriptions are given covering dimensions, materials used, trim, and painting details.
There are also sections that provide valuable information on sleigh construction, ironing, body design, painting and trimming.
TEMPORARILY OUT OF PRINT. Astragal Press, Mendham, NJ. Compiled by the Carriage Museum of America. Edited by Don Peloubet, Wheelwright. 240 pages. 9″x 12″ profusely illustrated. The last half of the nineteenth century marked a huge transition in carriage building-basically, from individual carriage shops to large, industrialized carriage factories. A major factor in this transition was the concurrent change in the manufacture of wheels, from individual wheelwrighting to industrial wheelmaking.
This book is a compilation of articles on wheelmaking taken from late 19th century journals published in America for the carriage industry.
It chronicles an industry being transformed, partly by a spate of new patented designs, but chiefly by the advent of power machinery and the mechanization of the wheelmaking-process. The articles are divided into ten sections: the first is a long overview of wheel-making technologies of the time, followed by sections on the dishing of wheels, hubs, spokes, felloes and rims, tires, rubber tires, patent wheels, and wheel repair.
Taken together, the articles give the reader a full understanding of the fast-moving changes that took place in the wheelmaking industry during the late 19th century, how the various new patents and processes worked, and how the various experts in the field felt and differed about them.
Featuring an 19th century print from our collection, our beautiful mouse pad makes a great addition to any office.
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