Four Wheeled Vehicles - Multiple Seats

Bronson Wagon:  Several different companies made similar vehicles marketed under the names; Lenox, Beach and Country Club Wagons, but Brewster and Co. was the original manufacturer of the Bronson Wagon. A light, three spring driving wagon, normally with two seats, finished in natural wood.



Bronson Wagon

Break, Roofseat:  Adapted from the heavier vehicles used to train horses to harness, the Roofseat Break was an owner driven outing and sporting vehicle. The height of the seats made it popular at spectator events.

Roofseat Break

Break, Skeleton:
 An important vehicle in large stables, the Skeleton Break was
used for training young or unruly horses as well as exercising the teams.

Skeleton Break


Coach, Private Road :
 The sport of four-in-hand driving was a popular pastime in the northeast in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries. Reproductions of Early English Mail Coaches were used by members of the New York Coaching Club for private coaching trips with family and friends.  Club members also ran a series of public coaches, for pleasure, between various cities and resorts.

Private Road Coach

Dog Cart Phaeton:   The same usage and characteristics as the two-wheeled dog cart. 
When set on four wheels, it was usually constructed with a cut-under body.

Dog Cart Phaeton


Driving Phaeton: 
The Phaeton class is probably the most diverse of any type of horse drawn vehicle. One of the principal features is that, having no driverís seat, it is owner driven and this led to their immense popularity as a sporting and pleasure vehicle.

            This design features doors to allow easy entry to the backseat.  

Driving Phaeton with Spindle Seats

Ladies Phaeton:
 A small and comparatively light vehicle.  They are generally low to
the ground for easy access and characterized by graceful curving lines. They are often
equipped with a rumble seat for the accompanying groom.  If there was not a rumble,
the groom would ride along on horseback.

Ladies Phaeton


A four-wheeled, covered carriage with panels, curtains or glass sides.  The driverís seat is included in the body proper and on the same level as the rest of the seats.  A common roof covers all the seats.  The Depot Wagon, or Station Wagon, is a form of the Rockaway. 


Depot Wagon

Spider Phaeton:
 A gentlemanís phaeton with a Tilbury body set on four wheels with a skeleton rumble for the groom.  They were very popular for pleasure and competitive show driving.

Spider Phaeton

Stanhope Phaeton: 
A square box body with curved front seat and rail backseat for one or two grooms. Often equipped with a falling top for the front seat only.  Suspension is usually on elliptic springs but also found with platform or mail springs.  Derives its name from the Stanhope pillar that extends from the top of the front seat at the front end, down to the molding of the body.

            The Stanhope Phaeton is very similar to the Mail Phaeton although somewhat lighter in construction.  It utilizes mail, or telescoping, springs.

Stanhope Phaeton

 The principal feature of this four wheeled vehicle is the sliding, swinging or pivoting seats which allow the accommodation of two or four passengers.  The rear seat can be made to face either forward or backward.  The short wheelbase accentuates the overall appearance of height.  No tops were provided with this vehicle.

Three Spring Trap


 Wagonettes can be found large and small, open and closed.  The principal feature is the longitudinal seats behind the driverís seats, facing one another.  Access is gained by a rear door.





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