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WORKING DRAFT OF A FLORIST'S WAGON BODY.
Built by Rech-Marbaker Co., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Carriage Monthly October 1906 page 174.

There is a great variety of florist's wagons, some small, some large and massive in appearance. Some of them have light built bodies, with large dimensions, carrying large plants and flowers. These are in most demand at present. With this design we give what is regarded as a medium-sized body, which is a special design in outlines and finish, and is quite attractive.

There is an attractive wheelhouse for the wheels, which has a curved recess, which prevents the wheels touching when the wagon is loaded. The side surfaces are plain, but molded around the edges. All corners are rounded, and carved corners on side, also the four corners on the rear doors have scrolls which look very well on this wagon. There are also two small oval side lights back of the lamps, which throw the light inside of the body, and are directly back of the division. There are two doors in the rear, hinged to the corner posts with three hinges for each, the lower ones are bent to obtain the straight line, which is necessary for the perfect opening and closing. Bending the lower hinges is caused by the amount of turn-under and by placing the hinges near the sills of the body. The upper part of the doors have oval lights finished with beveled glass and drip moldings above.

The division front, back of the driver's seat, and the finish of the front is different from other wagons of this kind. The division front is plain, two beveled edge panels are grooved into the frame, and in the panel is an oval light, which is closed with plain or bevel edged glass, and the effect of this finish is attractive. The frame is secured to the post. Note also the back on front and side elevation, which is built in two parts and trimmed as well as the sides. For the finish of this trimming and the finish of the dash, see trimming department of this number.

GENERAL CONSTRUCTION OR THE BODY.

The length of the body is 7 feet 10 inches; width across top, 53 inches; width across bottom, 48 inches; amount of turn under, 2 3/4 inches on each side; height of body from lower surface of sill to top edge of top rail is 62 inches; amount of curve across, 1 3/8 inches; rise of front bracket is 2 inches. The rear sills on the bottom surface are 2 3/8 inches;. deduct 3/8 inch for thickness of panel and 1/4 inch for thickness of moldings; this leaves 1 3/4 inches for actual thickness on the bottom surface of the sill. The plates start from the crossbar, inch thick, and cut into the sill, and are level with it. The rest of the plate is shown in dotted lines.

Side and Top View of Gear for Florist's Wagon.
Drawn to Three-Quarter-Inch Scale.


In connection with the working drafts of a florist wagon, we give the side and top view of the gear, to show the simplicity of construction. The springs are 39 inches apart from out to out; 24 inches diameter, roller-bearing fifth wheel; iron futchels, straight wood beds top and bottom; rear top bed iron, curved draw bar with pole socket underneath; coach finish, single trees coach style and finish, secured to sockets which can be used for shafts.




Working Draft of Florist's Delivery Wagon.
Three-Quarter-Inch Scale.
Built by Rech-Marbaker Co., Philadelphia,


Note the finish of the front with its brass rails, brass handles and tulip-shaped lamps, which make a fine finish; also note the finish of curved dash, rubber mat, and fine gear for wagon work. The body is suspended on full elliptic springs front and back and coach platform springs, but side springs have the usual wagon shape and cross spring stay is of iron, same as a coach, and not of wood as is usually employed on delivery wagons. The most unusual features in wagon construction on this special design are the rubber tires, plain coach hubs and full patent Collinge axles. There is the painting, lettering and trimming. The body and gears are a deep attractive cherry red, body striped gold, and all letters gold, which are designed to call attention to the business, of the florist. The rims and hubs are striped black. For trimming, see trimming department of this issue. The general dimensions for wheels, springs, axles and widths of body are as follows:

PLAIN HUB WHEELS.

Diameter of wheels without tires 36 and 50 inches.
Diameter and length of hubs 6 x 10 inches.
Diameter of hub bands, front and back 4 x 5 inches.
Width and thickness of spokes 1 3/4 x 1 1-16 in.
Number of spokes, front and back 12 and 14.
Thickness and depth of rims 1 3/4 x 1 in.
Amount of stagger 3/8 inch. Size of channels 3/4 x 2 in. outside.
Size of rubber tires 1 x 1 .

ELLIPTIC SPRINGS, FRONT.

Length from centers of bolts 35 inches.
Open from out to out 10 inches.
Number of plates 5.
Width of plates 1 3/4 inches.
Thickness of main plates No. 1.
Thickness of remaining plates No. 2.
Clipped, top and bottom

COACH PLATFORM SPRINGS, WAGON SHAPE, BACK. SIDE SPRINGS.

Length from center of bolts 37 inches.
Open from out to out 6 inches.
Number of plates 5.
Width of plates 2 inches.
Thickness of main plates No. 1.
Thickness of remaining plates No. 2.
Clipped to axle. CROSS SPRING.
Length from centers of bolts 40 inches.
Open from out to out 6 1/4 inches.
Number of plates 6. Width of plates 2 inches.
Thickness of main plates No. 1.
Thickness of remaining plates No. 2.
Clipped to iron stay

FULL COLLINGE AXLES.

Size of axle on square end and arm 1 inches.
Length of arm for 10-inch long hub.
Center, coach shaped.
Width of track from out to out 62 inches.

WIDTH OF BODY.

Across top 53 inches.
Across bottom 48 inches.
Amount of turn-under 2 3/4 inches.
Across front 50 inches.
Across toe bracket 49 inches.
Length of dash 50 inches.
Width of dash 19 inches.

FLORIST'S WAGON,
Scale, inch to the Foot.
(See Fashion Plate No. 204.)

The florists of our large cities have been paying more than usual attention to delivery wagons, and many are the attractions in this line. Many experiments have been made in colors, with a view to the selection of such as will best harmonize with the plants and flowers, and to such an extent has this experimenting been carried that one has appeared painted carmine throughout, with fine lines of black, so fine as not to be perceptible at the distance of fifty feet. A great number of designs of bodies have also been made, one of the latest of which is shown by Fashion Plate No. 204, in which the sides and back are of heavy plate glass, with as little frame work as would be safe to use.

In its construction the sills are 3 x 1 in.; cut under sills, 2 x 1 in. Front rockers, 1 in. Front pillars, 1 x 1 1/4 in. Four rails in front and five in the back. The door in this back is 19 in. wide, and is finished with an oval glass, and the panels on either side are paneled by moldings. The back and front sections of the body are separated by a curtain sheet extending up to the roof of the back section, and above that the front section is finished with a panel and a stationary glass.

Dimensions of Woodwork.--Width of body on top, 40 in.; and at bottom, 36 in. Width cross front pillars, 38 in. Length of body, 7 ft. 9 in. Height of body, back section, 3 ft. 10 in. Height of wheels, front, 35 in.: and rear, 48 in. Depths of rim, 1 in. Size of spokes, 1 3/8 in. Number of spokes, 16. Front hubs, 5 3/4 in. diameter, and 8 in. long. Distance between wheels, from center of axles, 61 in.

Dimensions of Ironwork.--Front springs, 34 in. long, from center to center, with 3 in. opening on main leaf. Width of steel, 1 in. Number of leaves, four; namely: Nos. 2, 2; 3 and 3 steel. Front cross-spring, 40 in. long. with 4 in. set on main leaf. Width of steel, 1 in. Number of leaves, five. Rear spring, 36 in, long, from center to center, with 3 in. opening on main leaf. Width of steel, 1 in. Number of leaves, five, namely: Nos. 2, 2, 3, 3 and 3 steel. Rear cross springs, 40 in, long, with 4 in. set on main leaf. Number of leaves, five. Axles, front, 1 1/8 in. Axles, rear, 1 1/4 in. Tire, 1 1/8 x 3/8 in. Track, measured outside to outside on the ground, 4 ft. 8 in.

Painting.--Black body, striped gold; carriage part carmine, striped black.

Trimming.--Pebble leather, the window panel inside being covered smooth; all handles and rails silver; dark leather.

FLORISTS' WAGON.
Scale, INCH To The foot.
(See Fashion Plate No. 83.)

The florists, like other merchants, have seen the necessity of having wagons designed especially for their business, and painted in the most attractive colors, which at the same time make them useful as business advertisements. There are many worthy styles seen in this city. Fashion Plate No. 83 illustrates one, and is built by fish Bros., of Racine, Wis.

There are two large beveled edge glasses in the sides, which admit a view of the interior; also smaller lights in doors and front. The doors are each 14 in. wide. There is au extra floor inside, which is divided in center and hinged to sides, and dropped down when not needed. The rockers are 1 in. thick, and paneled with 3/8 in. whitewood and lapped to the sills, which are 1 x 3 in. back of wheel house. There is one sill in the center, 2 x 1 in. mortised.

Dimensions of Woodwork.--Width of body on top, 41 in.; and at bottom, 38 in. Length of body, 7 ft. 7 in. Height of wheels, Sarven Patent, front, 36 in.; and rear, 48 in. Depths of rim, 1 5/8 in. Size of spokes, 1 3/8 in. Front and back hubs, 5 3/4 in. diameter, and 8 in. long. Front bands for front hubs, 3 1/4 in. diameter, and 1 in. long. Back bands for front hubs, 3 in. diameter, and 7/8 in. long. Distance between wheels, from center of axles, 56 in.

Dimensions of Ironwork.--Front springs, 33 in. long. from center to center, with 6 1/4 in. opening on main leaf, Width of steel, 1 in. Number of leaves, four, namely: Nos. 2, 3, 3 and 3 steel. Rear springs, 39 in. long, from center to center, with 4 in. opening on main leaf. Width of steel, 1 in. Number of leaves, five, namely: Nos. 2, 2, 3, 3 and 3 steel. Axles, front and rear, 1 1/4 in. Tire, 1 1/4 x 3/8 in. Track, front and rear, measured outside to outside on the ground; 4 ft. 8 in. Diameter of fifth-wheel, 26 in.

Painting.--The body very dark green, moldings and window casings a light bottle green. Stripe moldings, window sashes and panels with light grass green. Gear, light bottle green, broad lined dark green, and striped with light green same as used for fine lines on the body.

Trimming.--Leather cushion with fall; leather dash, with silver plated rail and handles.

FLORIST WAGON.
Carriage Monthly April 1884 page 40.

We here present a very handsome style of wagon, not, only for the purpose here stated, but which can. be used for any other business. Put the roof in black, or, if preferred,. steel-grey, Top-rail, with pillars and lower sill, together with center panel, a light chocolate; top side, a rich, warm, olive-green; lower panels; a rich carmine; also, carved panel in top of front pillar, the same color as top side. Letters for business on top sides gold, shaded with silver, for top letters; bottom letters silver, shaded with gold. Tracing, lay in gold, and touch up with verdigris and carmine; corner pieces for top sides gold centers, with silver edgings. By centers, we mean direct in the corners up to the outside line of dotted piece. The outer lace, if used, put in the silver, and reverse on the carmine panel; fill dots in with carmine on the green panels, and green on the carmine panels. The letters for place of business on center belt put in gold and shade with black. Back of the top rail to line of door, darker shade of chocolate; door frame same shade as side belt and pillars on side; door panels, carmine; same shade as lower panels on side. Frame of tail-gate, down to sill-bar, same shade of chocolate as top rail of back; outer edge of gate panel same shade of chocolate as frame of doors. Center panels of gate same shade of green as top sides; sill-bar same shade as sill on sides; toe-board on front, black. Letters on door panels silver; on gate panel, gold; corner pieces, same as on sides. Gears, lighter shade of chocolate than on body, striped for light wagon. Carmine line up spoke, fine line of Paris green up faces of spoke and hubs--none on carriage-part; just tip the nuts with green. in continuance, the ornamental terminations.

FIGURE 5. JOHNSON'S GREENHOUSE.
Hub July 1888.

In Design No. 5 we have a design that is a little more difficult to execute, but not so much so as one might think at first glance. The scarf part, with the exception of the scroll termination, is as easy to paint as any scarf pattern; and the scroll end can be omitted if not wanted, and a common turn substituted. We can also omit the flowers, and a simple ornamental stripe, similar to the one below, can be put in its place. As it is, it will form a complete design with the scroll, the flowers or the landscape; and in the hands of a master, it can be made very pretty if copied exactly.

We will state here that the scarfs, etc., are all that we have intended to exhibit in these designs, the letters being thrown in without any special care to make them correct, but simply to indicate where and how they should be arranged. Every line of lettering must have special treatment, which can only be decided on when the copy is before the painter. A. F. MANCHESTER.



ILLUSTRATIONS:





"Suggestions for floral decorations suitable for florists and landscape gardeners. From the Carriage Monthly May 1906 page 39.

 




"Latest in ornamentation for Florist Wagon built by Fulton & Walker Co., Philadelphia, PA. From the Carriage Monthly March 1907 page 336.

 




"Panel Design." From the Hub July 1894 page 285.

 

 

 

"Handsome Business Wagon." made by Rech-Marbaker Co., from American Vehicle April 15, 1907.