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Recommended Reads

If you’re interested in learning more about horse-drawn vehicles, the following books are a great place to start. A number of texts are accesible for free through different digital archives, and we have included many of those links here. If you have any questions about what you’re reading, feel free to contact the CMA!

  • Adams, William Bridges. English pleasure carriages, 1837.
  • Anderson, Edward L. Riding and driving, 1905.
  • Arnett, Frank S. Equipage of a Millionaire. 1903.
  • Berkebile, Don H. Carriage Terminology: An Historical Dictionary. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1978. – In this book, Berkebile has compiled close to five-hundred pages of definitions for terms relating to carriage types, carriage nomenclature, and harness nomenclature. The majority of the text is concerned with types of vehicles, for which he provides clear descriptions, images, and histories. This is a great resource for the serious carriage researcher, and is used practically daily by library staff and visitors.Although this title is now out of print, used copies can often be found through online retailers, or you can request a copy through your local library.
  • Beaufort, Henry Charles FitzRoy Somerset, Duke of. Driving, 1889.
  • Berthaux, Louis, fl. 1828-1868 – Le parfait carrossier, 1862.
  • Birch-Reynardson, Charles Thomas Samuel. ‘Down the road’; or, Reminiscences of a gentleman coachman, 1875.
  • Blew, William Charles Arlington. Brighton & its coaches: A history of the London & Brighton Road, 1894.
  • Bradfield, John Edward. The Public Carriages of Great Britain, 1855.
  • Bradley, Tom. The old coaching days in Yorkshire [The Yorkshire Post], 1889.
  • Burgess, James W. A practical treatise on coach-building, 1881.
  • The Carriage Journal.The Carriage Association of America publishes this magazine five times annually. The content ranges from new articles by carriage historians and enthusiasts, reprints of historic images and documents, information about carriage driving events, and much more. Members of the CAA receive the magazine for no additional cost. Non-members can subscribe for $45.00 annually. Contact the CAA for more information. caaonline.com
  • Champlin, John Denison. Chronicle of the Coach: Charing Cross to Ilfracombe. 1886.
  • Coachmakers & Coach-Harness Makers Company , London. Reports on the Carriages in the Paris Exhibition, 1878.
  • Corbett, Edward. An old coachman’s chatter with some practical remarks on driving, 1891.
  • Cross, Thomas. The autobiography of a stage coachman. Volume 1, 1904. Volume 2, 1904. Volume 3, 1861.
  • Cuming, Edward William Dirom, & G D Armour. Coaching days & ways, 1900.
  • Curios and Relics: Vehicles Carriage Used by Lincoln on Night of Assassination.
  • Delton, Louis-Jean. Les équipages a Paris, 1876.
  • Earle, Alice Morse. Stage-coach and tavern days [social life & customs to 1774], 1915.
  • Felton, William. A Treatise on Carriages, 1794.
  • Flower, Edward Fordham.  Horses and Harness.  1876.
  • Fry, Joseph Storrs. An essay on the construction of wheel-carriages, 1820.
  • Garland, James Albert (Jorrocks). The private stable : its establishment, management, and appointments, 1899.
  • Gilbey, Walter. Early carriages and roads, 1903.
  • Gilbey, Walter. The harness horse, 1898.
  • Gilbey, Walter. Modern carriages, 1905.
  • Harper, Charles George. Stage-coach and mail in days of yore: A picturesque history of the coaching age, 1903.
  • Harris, Stanley. Old coaching days, 1882. 
  • Harris, Stanley. The coaching age, 1885. 
  • Haworth, Martin E. Road scrapings: coaches and coaching, 1882. 
  • Hillick, Mayton Clarence. Practical carriage and wagon painting, 1898. 
  • Hodges, Henry. Cost schedules of stock and labor entering into the construction of pleasure carriages, 1882.
  • Hunt, Leigh. Coaches and coaching, 1800. 
  • Jervis, John. The horse and carriage oracle, 1828. 
  • Kinney, Thomas. The Carriage Trade: Making Horse-Drawn Vehicles in America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. – The Carriage Trade traces the development and decline of the carriage industry in the United States, from its pre-industrial beginnings to its ultimate decline. Kinney illustrates the life of the carriage worker and the changes in the carriage trade through the lens of case studies, including the well known manufacturers Studebaker and Brewster. This book is very readable, and provides a wealth of obtainable information about the nature of the carriage industry.Available from booksellers nationwide. Retails for $55.00
  • Kitchiner, William. The traveller’s oracle, or, Maxims for locomotion, 1827.
  • Lennox, William Pitt. Coaching, with anecdotes of the road, 1876.
  • Maire, Frederick. Carriage painting: a series of practical treatises on the painting of carriages and wagons, c.1911.
  • Maudslay, Athol. Highways and horses, 1888. 
  • Moore, Henry Charles. Omnibuses and cabs; their origin and history, 1902. 
  • Morin, Arther Jules. Expériences sur le tirage des voitures, faites en 1837 et 1838, 1839.
  • Nimrod. Annals of the road: or, Notes on mail and stage coaching in Great Britain, 1876. 
  • Nimrod. The Chase and the Road, 1901. 
  • Old Guard [pseud]. The coach horn: What to blow and how to blow it, 1907.
  • Old Whip, by an. The delights of coaching, 1883. 
  • Patents for inventions. Abridgments of specifications relating to carriages and other vehicles for common roads. A.D. 1625-1866, 1880.
  • Philipson, John. The Art and Craft of Coachbuilding.  1897.
  • Polson, Thomas A. Horses and horsemastership, 1909. 
  • Ramée, Daniel. La locomotion. Histoire des chars, carrosses, omnibus et voitures de tous genres, 1856.
  • Rogers, Fairman. Manual of Coaching, 1900. 
  • Schriber, Fritz. The complete carriage and wagon painter, 1899. 
  • Shone, Arthur Brian. A century and a half of amateur driving; part 1, 1955.
  • Snaffle [pseud] and Harry Dixon. The snaffle papers [horses; coaching; hunting; shooting], 1898.
  • Straus, Ralp. Carriage & Coaches, their history & their evolution, 1912. 
  • Stratton, Ezra M. The World on Wheels, 1878. 
  • Tarbell, Mary Anna. Stage days in Brimfield [Mass.]: A century of mail & coach, 1909. 
  • Thrupp, George. The History of Coaches, 1877. 
  • Tristram, William Outram. Coaching days and coaching ways, 1901.  
  • Underhill, Francis T. Driving for pleasure, 1896.
  • Walrond, Sally. Looking at Carriages. London: Pelham Books, 1992. – Many people have questions about identifying and understanding various types of carriages. This book, which includes over two-hundred photographs of horse-drawn vehicles, is a great entry point into that understanding. The vehicles in this book are divided into five basic types: phaetons, gigs, dog carts, breaks, and coaches. Within each type, the author includes a wide variety of vehicles, including photographs, descriptions, and historical information about each. Although this book is out of print, many used copies are available through online retailers at reasonable prices.
  • Ward, C.S. Hints on driving, 1870. 
  • Ware, Francis M. Driving, 1903. 
  • Whitehurst, Frederick Field. Hark away: Sketches of hunting, coaching, fishing, etc., 1879. 
  • Whitehurst, Frederick Field. Tallyho: Sketches of hunting, coaching, fishing, etc.,1878.
  • Wilson, Violet A. The Coaching era, 1900. 

There are also many Carriage Catalogs available online. Click here for a listing of these great resources!

Web Links

Thankfully, the CMA is not alone in its dedication to safeguarding the history of America’s horse-drawn vehicles. The following are links to other sites that provide useful information about carriages and driving:

  • Carriage Association of America  |  caaonline.com
    In addition to being our sister organization, the Carriage Association is the oldest and largest organization dedicated to the preservation, restoration, and use of horse-drawn carriages and sleighs. The CAA also provides a Directory of Services and Suppliers that can be useful for locating horse- and carriage- related vendors.
  • Coach-built  | coachbuilt.com
    This website provides company histories for many carriage manufacturers who went on to produce automobile bodies. Over 1200 builders are represented, and they are easily searchable through an alphabetical or geographical index.
  • Colonial Williamsburg Foundation  | history.org
    Colonial Williamsburg maintains a great online collection of historical information on the colonial period, including research and history resources about trades such as coach-making.
  • Martin Auctioneers, Inc.  | martinauctioneers.com
    Martin Auctioneers, located in New Holland, Pennsylvania, specializes in carriage e-auctions. If you have a vehicle you are interested in selling, or if you need to have a vehicle appraised, please contact them for more information
  • Wheels that Won the West  | wheelsthatwonthewest.com
    America’s largest private collection of Western vehicle history.

If you’re interested in seeing vehicles in person, consider visiting one of the following Museums, either in person or on the web:

  • Colonial Williamsburg,  Williamsburg, VA  | colonialwilliamsburg.com
  • The Florida Carriage Museum, at Grand Oaks Resort, Weirsdale, FL  |  thegrandoaks.com
  • The Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, MI  | thehenryford.org
  • Long Island Museum of American Art, History & Carriages, Stony Brook, NY  | longislandmuseum.org
  • The Carriage Museum at Skyline Farm, North Yarmouth, ME  |  skylinefarm.org
  • The Studebaker National Museum, South Bend, IN  |  studebakermuseum.org