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Feature Story of the Month: LUNCH WAGONS AND SIMILAR VEHICLES.

LUNCH WAGONS AND SIMILAR VEHICLES.

SAUERMILCH'S NEW PATENT SIDE-BAR WAGON.
Hub June 1879.

Speak mit der duyvel, and he vas dere ? Mr. Hoob man, you vas yust der veller I vant to see ! I haf a vagon dot vas gone to make me a vortune. Yost coom mit me, and I show you some dings vot you don't pelieve. But you don't dold some unner vellers, pegause I don't got it batented yust yet. ******

Dere ! vot you link mit dot? I haf won uv mein gustomers make me a vorkin' draft uv dot shob, and lie makes it vancy like. Dis sommer, wen dere vas race horses, and Bounty fairs, and schows draveling arount, I vill start dot vagon out, too, and dere vill pe lots of mouish made. Mein vife and an uunner man vas going mit der vagon, to drive der horses, and sling der beer.
Der man vot made der draft made it vancy here is der draft ! und lie put der beebles arount it to show how it vould vork, pegause it vas a vorkin' draft. Dis side of der wagon trops down yust like in a surcus wagon so ! Und dere vas mine sine in pig red letters: "Beer." On der top, at der gorners, vas two vooden bier glasses, in der blace uv urns. In der mittle von der"top vas a pig bier glass, carved from vood, and bainted yust like a glass ov bier running ofer. Den der vas two pig pipes gross ways not real pipes, you know, only vood vons, bainted yust like real pipes ; and in vront of all dot vas a pig pretzel. Dot whole ding vas mein drade mark ; and dese dings running from der garners to der middle vas sassages. Ven der beeples see all dose dings dey know right away pooty gweeck dot ve solt bier, and tabacko, and haf lunches. -See? Any vool vould know dot, don't it?
Der pottom uv der vagon obens in dwo blares, and lets down yust like teller doors, so der unner man and mein vife can go insite.
Ven it is bainted it vill pe pooty. Der running gear vill pe red, and der poly green. Der sine vill pe green mitred letters. Den der ornaments der pretzel scroll, and der sassage vestoons will be in der natural golor.
Der man vet made der draft said it vas a .ride parvagon, dough I don't see how he makes dot out. I vas gone to hang it mit der unner kind uv springs.
Ven dot vagoh drives on der ground I pet mein poets der beeples vill look mit demselves, and ve vill solt lots uv bier. I vill haf a petter schow den enny unner liquor vellers, pegause dey vas not puggy puilders like me, and it lakes a schmart man to get oop a vagon like dot.
Yes, you can haf dot vorkin' draft uv you vant it. Did you effer haf enny ding like dot in der Hoob?
No, I vent dravel mit der wagon. I vial stay heim and run der saloon. Mein vife vill go along, and I would like to see eny man scheat mein vife wen she vas looking at dem. She vas got her eye deeth peeled, and vas schmart, of she vas only a voman. .
I can hardly vait undil der bilin' vedder rooms to see dot vagon start out, pegause I know it vill make a pig dalks ; it will help der races, and fairs, loo. Vot would a surcus be mit out a vancy vagon ? Beeples all growl on der streets to see der surcus, pegause dere vas lots uv nice vagons. VVon time der vas some vellers drove into dis town mit a vagoh dot vas all bainted in vancy golors. Dey stop at der pest hotel, and wen night rooms dey drive to der gorner uv der main street. Der seat durns ofer, and der vas a piano under der seat, puilt in yust like it vas a bart uv der vagon. Von uv der vellers blayed a tune on der piano, and an unner veller dook a feedle vrutn under der vloor, and dey hat some nice moosick.
Den wen dey vas droo, and a pig growl vas arount, an unner man said dey= vas dravelin' arount to penefit der human race, as he hat a medicine dot vas goot fur efry disease efer invented. Den der vas some more moosick, and some more dalks, and efrypody in town paid won tollar fur a pottle uv dot medicine. Efry man dere douggt he vas seeck, pegause der vas a nice vagon and some nice moosick. Und all dot time der doctors' shops vas doing nodting.
Ven I vas in Nye York, I vas on der Bowery, and all der hauses vas bier saloons. Der vellers vet hat moosick and frie goncerts vas doing all der peerness, and der unner vellers only hat a few gustomers. Uv it vas drue dere, vy vas it not gone to pe gout mit me? Maybe I vill get a hand organ. I gould got an organ mit an I talian and moonkey to run it fur a leetle monish, and uv some beeples don't vas vishin' dey vas I fans Sauermilch, it vas vunny. Some volks vas yust go right abet and nefer make no imbrovement, but I vas not dot kind. Vell, vet will you dake? Bier! Vell, I vill tap a fresh kag.

DR. KENNION'S STREET COFFEE URN,
Harper's Weekly, November 20, 1880.

The distinguished-looking gentleman on the left is Dr. John Kennion of Brooklyn who set out with this specially designed "coffee-urn cart" to convince people to stop drinking alcohol, which he did by offering them coffee, an alternative stimulant, from porcelain cups and a good piece of bread and butter

POPCON WAGON.
Hub June 1894 page 186.

This illustration, Fig. I, represents a design for a popcorn or vender's wagon, but principally for the sale of popcorn. It is made so that a man can stand erect and work at ease at the roasting of popcorn or in the manufacturing of confectionery. The interior of body is provided with tables, about on a level with the bottom of the side lights; under the table are drawers, etc.
There are fan lights over the side lights, which are hinged and can be opened. The side lights are stationary, and are screwed on the outside of body with round head screws, the glass being set in a frame.
The body has no contraction and no turn under to the sides. A light at the back of body is hinged so that it can be raised and fastened to the roof. There is at the back of body a brass rail about at a level with the table, and also a step which runs the full width of body.
In the front of body is a double light, hinged to raise up to permit the driver sitting on the outside, or he can stand inside and drive. The body is grained throughout. The rear springs are two half elliptics clipped to the body at the front, and by a curved loop at the back with shackles.
The front carriage part is very plain. The front track is six inches narrower than the back. The rockers are made of 1 x 4 in. ash. Rocker plates extend the full length of body.
The body is grained; the running part is painted a light brown; leather is used for trimming. Width of body on top, 46 in.; and at bottom, 46 in. Width of seat on top, 44 in,; and at bottom, 44 in. Length of body, 8 ft. 2 in. Height of body, 75 in. Rocker plates, 2 in., fastened with No. 18, 2 in. screws. Height of wheels: front, 30 in.; and rear, 43 in. Depths of rim, 1 5/8 in. Size of spokes, 1 5/8 in. Number of spokes, 10 and 12. Stagger of spokes, 1/4 in. Front hubs, 5 in. diameter, and 7 in. long. Front bands for front hubs, 4 in. diameter. and 2 1/4 in. long. Back bands for front hubs. 4 3/4 in. diameter, and I in. long. Rear hubs, 5 3/4 in. diameter, and 7 in. long. Front bands for rear hubs, 4 1/8 in. diameter, and 2 1/4 in. long. Back bands for rear hubs, 4 7/8 in. diameter, and 1 in. long. Distance between wheels, from center to center of axles, 82 in.
Front springs, 36 in. long, from out to out, with 9 in. opening over all. Width of steel, 1 5/8 in. Number of leaves, four, namely: Nos. 2, 2, 3 and 3 steel. Holes apart on top half, 3 in. Size of holes, 5/16 in. Rear springs, 42 in. long, from out to out, with 5 in. opening over all. Width of steel, 1 1/8 in. Number of leaves, four, namely: Nos. 2, 2, 3 and 3 steel. Axles, front, 1 1/4 in. Axles, rear, 1 1/4 in. Tire, 3/8 in. Track, rear, measured outside to outside on the ground, 4 ft. 2 in. Track, front, measured outside to outside, 3 ft. 8 in. Diameter of fifth wheel, 18 in. Weight of vehicle, complete, about 1,200 pounds.

LUNCH COUNTERS ON WHEELS.
Hub June 1894 pages 176-177.

In all our large cities there is a great body of workmen who pursue their calling at night, beginning in the early evening and quitting early in the morning. These have the same demands to meet as the day workers, but because they are less numerous and are scattered, they have less accommodation. With them midnight meals and lunches are a necessity, and yet there are few restaurants that keep open all night. To meet the demands midnight lunch counters mounted upon wheels have been introduced, and good, plain lunches are served at a moderate cost; the portable restaurant has steadily worked its way into public favor, until now it is a recognized factor of midnight life, and wherever introduced it has proved a profitable investment, as well as a great convenience.
Another portable restaurant is the milk lunch wagon. This is essentially a summer arrangement, and it has proved a boon to hosts of thirsty men, women and children. Buttermilk, which is such a treat to the city denizen, is a leading luxury, to be had at five cents a glass; then there is the innocent '"milk shake," of sweet milk and an egg shaken up by a machine to a foam, which answers in the place of an egg nog.
In all the night lunch wagons, coffee, milk, sandwiches and cold cuts are served at moderate prices, while the day wagons, as a rule, carry milk only, but there is an occasional one that serves hot muffins and milk and coffee.
In order that the Hub's readers may be kept fully posted as to what there is in use in these lines we illustrate the lunch wagon, Fig. I, known in Boston as the "New England Lunch Wagon," and in New York as "The Owl." The general dimensions are given for the benefit of those who may wish to build vehicles of this class.
This wagon has become quite a common feature on the streets of Boston and New York. In the latter city an awning covering tables and stools is used during the warm weather.
It is so arranged that either one or two horses can draw it, and it is to stand near the curbstone, so that customers can enter from the sidewalk, the same as they would any restaurant, and get a very nice lunch, or if they so wish they can stand on the side walk and get a lunch served out through the window just over the back wheel.
The body is built of a very light frame work, sheathed on the outside with in. whitewood, and the gear consists of a very heavy perch and is well braced with iron. The windows are of colored glass, to shut off the view from the street.
The top has 7/8 ash ribs on top, 12 in. apart; the body is 33 in. from floor, 6 ft. 6 in. high 16 ft. long, 6 ft. wide, adjustable steps by door. Nickel plated rails on the sides and ends. The wheels are 2 ft. 5 in., and 4 ft.; hubs, 6 x 10 in.; 18 spokes in both front and back wheels; 1 3/4 x 5/8 in, tire; track, 5 ft. 7 in. outside to outside, 18 in. circle ; perch, 3 x 2 in. at front end and 1 3/4 x 2 in. at back end; 1 3/4 x 10 in. axles; in. iron plate on bottom of perch; springs, 26 in. long, from center to center; 6 plates, heavy steel, 1 5/8 in. steel. The interior is fitted up very prettily, has counters along one side and the end, and fixed stools, so the patrons can sit and eat. There are quite a number of drawers and closets, as marked on the plan; it also contains an oil stove and a coffee tank, with a burner attached to keep the coffee hot.
Painting: The outside is painted white, with gold and red stripes and lettering; the gear is also painted white, and often there are landscapes painted on the sides and ends, which make it very attractive.
The interior is stained to imitate cherry, and is very neat and clean looking.
Weight, complete, loaded ready for use, is 3,800 lbs.
Fig. 2 illustrates the interior arrangements, A, the stools; B, counter; C, closets ; D, trap shelf; E, coffee urn ; F, drawers at each end; G, case with seven drawers, 39 in. high ; H, shelf, 19 in. from the floor; J, oil stove in the corner; K, shelf, 39 in. from the floor ; I" shelves for pots and pans; M, trap. Figs. 3 and 4 show half sections of the front and back ends, and Fig. 5 the ground plan of the carriage part.
The day wagon, illustrated by Fig. 6, is used as a retail milk wagon, deviating only in the "milk shake" of eggs and milk, shaken to a foam. The entrance is from the rear; ranged on either side are ice tanks, into which are set the cans of milk, and a tank in which the glasses are washed, and a shelf for the empty glasses. They are neatly finished and to all appearances are kept clean and inviting to the lover of the lacteal fluid. The body is 6 ft. 6 in. long, back of the wheel house; 44 in. in the clear inside; sides, 3 ft. deep; wheels, 3 and 4 ft. The front platform is plain and strong, the springs being 26 in. long, from center to center, 6 plates, 1 5/8 in. steel; back springs, 42 in. long; 7 plates; axles and spokes, 2 in.; rim, 2 3/4 ill.; tire, 2 1/4 x 5/8 ill. The vehicle is painted white, striped blue. Top bows covered with blue and white duck, 1 3/4 in. Coach lamps, dash rail and plated "milk shake" machine serve to make the vehicle the more attractive.
Fig. 7 shows a cart built upon the same lines as the milk wagon, the use being the same and the proportions of the body being the same, back of the wheel house. The cart body, however is not enclosed back of the boxes which hold the milk cans. This, is in fact, a cheaper vehicle, for use in localities where one attendant can serve the customers. It is painted the same as Fig. 6.
The waffle wagon is shown by Fig. 8. This is less common than the milk wagons, and is something of a movable kitchen, as it is supplied with an oil cook stove, for heating the waffle irons, and is provided with all the necessary appliances for storage and mixing. It serves its purpose as a dispenser of hot cakes in the street, and as everything is clean and neat, and the waffles hot and well dusted with sugar, many a pedestrian obtains from it a palatable lunch at a trifling expense.

Plate No. 37. MODERN LUNCH WAGON.
Carriage Monthly 1896 page 194.

With this plate we publish for the first time a lunch wagon, built by the Ellis Omnibus and Cab Co., Cortland, New York. The sides of the wagon are built straight lengthwise and vertical, as shown by the engraving, and have a door on each side, and small windows all around. The top is similar to a street car, with suitable ventilation. One of the features is the attractive ornamentation, which is very inviting, in the large letters painted on each side of the wagon. The diameter of the wheels is 2 feet 4 inches only. Front wheels turn under the body, consequently the body is suspended only 3- inches from the floor. One end of the car is finished with a counter, shelves, drawers, and cupboard, and is veneered throughout. It is a beauty in every sense of the worked--inside and outside--and is inviting. The construction of the gear is very light, when the weight of the body is considered. The hubs are 6 inches in diameter by 7 inches long. Size of spokes, 1 5/8 inches at square end, and ten spokes for each wheel. Thickness and depth of rims, 1 3/4 inches, and tire, 7/16 by 1 inches. No heavier dimensions are needed as it is drawn only a short distance at a time.

AN IMPROVED LUNCH WAGON.
Hub November 1897 pages 553-554.

Morrisania Wagon Works, Hoepfner & Wuest, proprietors, at 762 to 768 East One Hundred and Sixty Fourth-street, New York City, have just completed one of the finest night lunch wagons ever made in the city.
As shown in the illustration herewith it is constructed on entirely different lines than herefore.
The interior also is differently arranged from other lunch wagons, as shown by the accompanying diagrams by which more space and greater convenience can be secured for the attendant and patrons.
The general dimension of this wagon are: Length of body, 18 feet outside measurement: width of body, 7 feet outside measurement; and 6 feet 8 inches inside with; height at center, 6 feet 9 inches; height from ground, 3 feet 1 inch; track, 6 feet 6 inches; length of springs, 2 feet 5 inches; height of front and hind wheels, 2 feet 8 inches.
The exterior is painted snow white, set off by a large scroll at each corner. On the side opposite the door, which offers a large and unbroken space, there is a painting of a humorous scene. This is shown in the "Paint Shop" department, page 558, it is framed by a rich gold stripe and scrolls. Bluish tints along the upper portion of the wagon and the rich mahogany of the window frames give a pleasing effect and striking harmony of colors.. The side on which the staircase is located which leads to the door is lettered: "Lone Star Cafe," in prominent letters in gold, delicately shaded. All other lettering is similarly made.
The gear is painted red, tastefully striped in white and black. The roof is covered with stout duck and is painted white. There are nine windows on each side of the wagon and three windows at each end. Five of these windows are set into slides. The frames are of mahogany: the panes of opalescent glass, which by the rays of the sun and by the light at night throw a rich yet mellow glow, producing a charming effect. The steps to the door are removable, the iron framework running in grooves.
The door is spacious with plate glass windows, 24 x 27 ins. The floor is made almost rigid by bracing the entire length with an adjustable wrought iron rod, 1 in. in diameter. The interior is finished in natural wood, with burnished brass trimmings throughout. The sides are of whitewood, with raised panels, stained mahogany color. The upper portion of the body from line of windows to the ceiling is finished in mahogany. In the forepart of the wagon counters are arranged to accommodate comfortably twelve people. The bar is placed at the back end of the wagon 9 ft. 4 ins. in length. taking up about one half the length of the body. The front and side of the bar are finished in mahogany. They are 3 ft. 7 ins. high and 13 ins. wide. The counter stands 12 ins. lower and is 21 ins. wide: this contains the cash drawer, a number of shelves, pie compartments and other drawers; at one end there is a metal sink, at the other the cooking apparatus, consisting of a square copper body in which are fitted four porcelain food jars, each of 2 gallons capacity. The lamp heating this apparatus is a novelty in this that super-heated kerosene is used, doing away with the ever troublesome wick.
The ceiling is made of metal, enameled white and decorated with gold stripes. Four highly ornamental brass oil lamps throw a bright light from each corner of the wagon. Above these light ventilators' are leading through the roofing; these are supplied with storm hoods on the outside. The entire construction and all the details of this wagon bear testimony that is highly complimentary to its builders, who are building wagons of almost every description, and this variety in their experience has given them a reputation for skill taste and practicability equal to the best makers in the country.

Paint shop--LUNCH WAGON.
Hub July 1899 page 145.

Lunch wagon. Body cream color: scrolls silver, outlined fine black line, shaded brown, yellow and carmine. Corner scrolls shaded asphaltum, blue and carmine. "Lunch Wagon" silver, shaded on the inside lines with asphaltum: on the outside two shades of blue. The glass is tinted carmine.

A NOVELTY IN WAGON CONSTRUCTION.
Hub September 1897 page 347.

A rather novel type of wagon or van has lately been constructed by the Charles P. Ketterer Mfg. Co., of Hanover, Pennsylvania, to be employed by the American Telephone & Telegraph Co. (Long Distance Co.) In their line construction work.
The wagons or van, for they have rather more characteristics of the latter than the former, are of three kinds, namely, a sleeping, cooking and foreman's van, and are designed to provide the men with sleeping quarters and meals during cross country work. They will undoubtedly be found to be of great utility to the company and convenient for the men.
The vans, though of simple construction, are strong, and are put together with bolts and screws to facilitate case and rapidity of knocking down for shipment. Each piece is carefully fitted and numbered, so that the work and time required to assemble the carts is reduced to a minimum. The framework, body, running gear and covering of the three types are precisely the same, their equipment, however, being vastly different.
The vans proper are 19 ft. tong, 7 ft. 9 in. wide and 11 ft. high. They are constructed almost entirely of yellow pine and oak. The bolsters, for there are no springs, are of oak, the framework and flooring of yellow pine and the bows of ash.
The wheels are the well known Sarven type with soft box, while the axles are the Worcester square steel with loose collar.
The sleeping van is equipped with twelve berths arranged is two tiers of six berths each, and have woven wire springs and mattresses. The upper tier of berths is constructed so as to fold downward, thus making an upholstered settee, and back of the upper at and lower berths.
The space beneath the lower tier of berths is boxed in and utilized for lockers, so that each man has a private compartment about the size of a small trunk for his personal effects.
The cooking van is a practical kitchen on wheels, and includes everything necessary to supply seventy five or one hundred men. It has a large steel range with double ovens, and burns either hard coal, soft coal or wood. This is a point of considerable importance, as the character of the fuel in different parts of the country varies greatly. There is also a large sink beside which a pump is mounted so that water may be obtained from a barrel placed outside the van. This does away with the neccessity of keeping pails and buckets of water in the van, and the annoyances incident to their continual spilling over, and well known habits of being in exactly the wrong place.
There are several large lockers for dishes and provisions, a locker for meats, pies, etc., fully protected by wire netting from insects; tables, drawers for knives. forks, etc., and two berths and lockers for the cook and his assistant.
The foreman's van is rather more elaborate in equipment than the other two, and provides not only sleeping apartments, but a small office as well, in which the foreman and his clerk can transact the routine business of the day.
The van is equipped with six berths, of which two are occupied by the foreman and his clerk, and the remainder by whomsoever he may select. Underneath the berths are six lockers, arranged as in the sleeping van besides a large locker for clothing and books. A wash basin and mirror add to the comfort of the occupants, while, the desk, chairs, upholstered settee and rug covered floor make the office a most attractive and business like apartment.
The accompanying cuts give a very fair idea of the general appearance of the vans, Fig. I shows the general design of the body and superstructure, while Fig. 2 shows the cooking van with its canvas covering ready for business.

Plate CIV. STREET COFFEE PALACE.
Hub January 1901 page 451.

Plate CIV, illustrates a street coffee palace built by R. Spencer, of Adelaide, Australia, to whom we are indebted for the photograph from which the cut is made, as well as others giving other views of the vehicle, also the following description of the same:
It represents the vehicle opened up for trade, showing also the interior, with the stove, boilers, etc. This vehicle is principally used at night in the street. but is also taken to various picnic grounds and race courses; it measures twenty feet, by six feet, hung on four springs, the hind pair being neatly fitted underneath the cupboards inside of the vehicle, The fore carriage allows the front wheels to run under the body in turning, thus enabling the vehicle to turn in its own length. The sides are so constructed as to open the top halves, forming verandas, which are supported by mild steel stays held to the corner pillars by brass rests and thumb screws, while a portion of the bottom halves opens over the wheels, forming tables, which are supported by mild steel stays adjusted to the sides. When the vehicle is ready for traveling these parts are closed up, the shutters holding the tables, while in turn they are held firmly to the corner pillars by their supports being securely fastened in the brass rests with the thumb screws referred to above; by this means there is no vibrating of the shutters, and the interior is securely protected from the weather and dust, etc. Along the sides of the interior cupboards have been fitted for the keeping of victuals and crockery ware free from dust, and in the front an oven with boilers, kettles and other culinary requirements attached to it has been fitted, while at the back end a glass case is built, in which are carried such delicacies usually seen at caterers' establishments and in one corner a scullery is fitted, thus completing all the necessary requisites for rapid catering. An entrance into the interior is gained through a glass door at the rear end, while around the exterior of the body runs a bead of half-round iron, which neatly panels out the sides ends. The roof overhangs six inches all around the vehicle, and is supported by ornamental beams securely fastened to the body; on the top of each of these beams is a model of a lion in a crouching position, while an ornamental facia board is mortised on to them. The roof is of a villa shape, with a dome at each end, on which are cowles and the models of lions in a rampant position; between these domes is an ornamental name board, on which is fitted a crown; underneath the roof is a frame, fitted with bevel edge plate glass, similar to which is used in the rear case. The vehicle is stayed transversely and perpendicularly by 5/8 in. round mild steel rods running through in. brass tubing. The driver is provided with a roomy and comfortable seat, underneath which is fitted a boot where he can lock away his harness, lamps, etc. A very powerful skid, worked by a foot lever, gives the driver full control over the vehicle. The painting and decorating was entrusted entirely to an artist employed in the factory of the builder, who turned the vehicle out in a very elaborate style; the wheels and carriage have a ground color of cream, picked out azure blue and fine lined vermilion; the exterior of body has the same ground color, paneled out with a broad tan color line edged with carmine and scroll corner pieces; in the center of each panel are painted scenic and floral views of Australia. The roof and domes are an olive green, the lions gilded, and on the name board the flags of Great Britain and Australia are painted. The name is done with gold letters, richly shaded, while the crown is gorgeously decorated. The interior of the vehicle has a ground color of French white and the ceiling is picked out in soft; harmonious colors of peach blossom, salmon and sage green, with floral views in the Center; the ornamental beams and woodwork are decorated with hand painted floral and fruit views, while at various spots can be seen a picture of a member of the feathered tribe. On the interior of the glass door is painted the Australian coat of arms, and on the exterior a bunch of roses. The whole of the timber used in the construction of this vehicle is of Australian growth, and every portion of the work was carried out in Mr. Spencer's factory.

DESCRIPTION OF COFFEE WAGON.
Hub February 1903 page 427.

The working drawing of a coffee wagon, on page 423, represents a type of wagon which is used in some of our larger cities in serving lunches, generally supported by charitable organizations. The wagon is called the firemen's coffee wagon; it is used in New York and Brooklyn for supplying the firemen with hot coffee and lunch when at work on large fires in the winter time. It has also been used by the street cleaning department in New York during the cold weather; it has become very popular, and no doubt will be adopted in other large cities. It can also be used to good advantage as an advertising wagon.
The interior of wagon is fitted with a shelf fifteen inches wide which extends across the body and is supported at the center by a post. This shelf, which is shown by dotted lines A, is used for carrying the coffee tanks. The upper shelves shown by dotted lines B, extend along the roof-rails below the roof. They are five inches wide and are used for carrying the cups, spoons, etc.
The windows in sides of wagon are twenty-two and one-half inches long by twenty inches high, and slide to the front partition; this window is used for passing the refreshments through to the shelf, or wing on the outside of body. These shelves are covered with corrugated matting. The floor of the wagon is also covered with the same material to prevent slipping. The door at the rear is twenty-tow inches wide and five feet six inches high, its height admits of easy ingress and egress. The eight-inch by twenty-inch light in same is stationary. The door is supplied with a nickel plated handle and hung on three hinges.
The gear is the "Concord" style, which is neat and at the same time very durable. The lower or drop section is twenty-four inches deep, belt panels seventeen inches deep outside of mouldings, top panels thirty-two and one-half inches deep. Front light twelve and one-half inches in diameter. The top and lower or drop panels are flat, the panel has a swell. One inch mouldings are used all around. The leg room is twenty-four inches from seat to toe. The seat board is eighteen and one-half inches wide. Partition back of driver's seat is made up of three-eights inch wainscoting and extends from the top of the rockers to the roof boards, having an opening nine by six inches to allow the driver a view of the rear. The dash is seventeen inches high, of one-half-inch whitewood, formed as shown in the draft. The rear corners of body are rounded.
Below we give the principal dimensions for constructing a wagon of this kind: Length of body, over all, 8 feet 1 inches; on top-rail, 7 feet 10 inches: width of body, at top, 46 inches; at lower line of belt panel, 42 inches; at drop portion, 36 inches, outside measurements.
Height of body, over all, on the side, at the back, 6 feet 1 inch; at the front, 4 feet 10 inches; width of body, outside, at point across seat, 46 inches; at toeboard, 38 inches. Wheels, Sarven patent; height in the wood, front, 2 feet 8 inches; rear, 3 feet 8 inches; hubs, 8 inches long; spokes 1 5/16 inches; number of spokes, 16 and 18; depth of rims, 1 5/8 inches. Tires, solid rubber; depth of bands, 2 inches: Distance between wheels, 4 feet 11 inches. Springs, front, 36 inches long between centers of eyes, with 3 inch opening on the main leaf. Width of steel, 1 inch. Number of plates, five. Front cross springs 36 inches long, with 3 inch set on main leaf. Number of plates, five. Rear springs, 38 inches long, between centers of eyes, with 5 5/8 inch set on main leaf. Number of plates, five. Width of steel 1 3/4 inch. The rear springs have a double sweep on the front and back ends and are hung at the rear by a loose shackle. Axles, front, 1 5/16 inch. Rear axle is 1 inch square and is cranked 13 inches. Fifth wheel is 22 inches in diameter; plate 1 3/8 x 3/8 inch.
Painting: Body, a deep maroon striped with a heavy line. Running part, deep maroon, striped with yellow fine lines.
Finish: There are two sides lights, tow nickeled handles at the front. Rotary gong under right side of toe board. Nickel dash rail on dash.

Plate No. 1724. QUICK LUNCH WAGON.
Built by the Closson Lunch Wagon Co., Inc., Westfield, New York.
Carriage Monthly July 1914.

PATENTS:
E. M. Perhacs & F. Neumuller. April 10, 1883 No. 275,516 of Brookly and New York City, New York

J. F. Baldwin, February 7, 1888 No. 377,594 Cambridge, Massachusetts.

C. H. Palmer, September 1, 1891 No. 458, 738, Worcester, Massachusetts.


J. F. Baldwin, December 1, 1891 No. 464,058 Cambridge, Massachusetts.

T. H. Buckley & Ephraim Hamel, January 10, 1893, No. 489, 893 Lynn, Massachusetts.

C. H. Palmer, May 16, 1893 No. 497, 598 Worcester, Massachusetts

T. H. Buckley January 23, 1894 Design No. 23,011, Worcester, Massachusetts.

J. Stivers March 9, 1897 No. 578,504 New Rochelle, New York

T. H. Buckley November 6, 1900 Design No. 33,515 Worcester, Massacusetts.

A. H. Closson January 17, 1905 No. 780,265 Glens Falls, New York.

Plate No. 1517. Fine restaurant Wagon.
Painting & Decoration by F. A. Jackson, Altoona, Pennsylvania
Carriage Monthly August 1912.