THE SUN , LONDON THURSDAY JUNE 28, 1838.
T H E CORONATION.
Mr. Thompson, in his work on The Processions and. Ceremonies observed in the Coronation of the Kings and Queens of England, gives the following account of
King Edward's CHAIR.
"This chair (commonly called' St. Edward's chair) is an ancient seat of solid, hard, wood, with back and sides of the same. variously: painted, in which the kings of Scotland were in former periods constantly crowned; but, having been brought out of the kingdom by King Edward I., in the year 1296, after he had totally overcome John Baliol king of Scots, it has ever since remained in the abbey of Westminster, and has been the royal chair in which the succeeding kings and queens of this realm have been inaugurated. It is in height 6 ft. 7 in., in breadth at the bottom, 38 in., and in depth 24 in. ; front the seat to the bottom is 38 in., the breadth of the seat within the sides is 28 in., and the depth 18 in. At 9 inches from the ground is a, board, supported at the four corners by as many lions. Between the seat and this board is enclosed a stone, commonly called Jacob's or the Fatal Marble Stone, which is an oblong, of about 22 in. in length, 13 in. broad, and 11 in. deep; of a steel colour, mixed with some veins of red. History relates that it is the "tone whereon the patriarch Jacob laid his head in the plain of Luz. It is also added that at it was brought to Brigantia, in the kingdom of Gallicia in Spain, in which place Gathol king of Scots, sat on it as his throne. Thence it; was conveyed into Ireland by Simon Brach, who was king of Scots, about 700 years before, Christ's time ; from thence into Scotland by king Fergus, about 370 years after wards : and, in the year 850, it placed in the abbey of Scone, the sheriffdom of Perth, by Kenneth, who caused it to be enclosed in this wooden chair, and phophetical verse to be, engraved of which the following is a translation:
'Should fate not fail, where'er this stone is found
The Scots shall monarchs of that realm be crown'd.'
"This is the more remarkable by its having been fulfilled in the person of King James I., grandfather to the Princess Sophia, electress dowager of Hanover, grandmother to King George II., who was I grandfather to his late Majesty, George III. This antique regal chair, having (together with the golden sceptre and crown of Scotland) been solemnly offered by King Edward I. to St. Edward the Confessor, in the year 1297 (from whence it derives the appellation of St. Edward's chair), has ever since been kept in the chapel called by his name; with a tablet affixed to it, whereon several Latin verses are written in the old English characters. The ornaments of this chair consist of crockets and fret-work, richly gilt. It has a cushion, covered with the same materials. The stone maintains its usual place under the seat of the chair, but is hid from observation by the fringe which surrounds it."
These are--St. Edward's Staff--the Spurs--the Sceptre with the Cross-the Pointed word of Temporal Justice--the Sword of Mercy--the Sword of State the Sceptre with the Dove-the Orb--St. Edward's Crown--the Patina, the Chalice, and the Bible.
St. Edward's Staff, in, length four feet eleven inches and a half, is a sceptre of gold, having a foot of steel about four inches and a quarter in length, with a mound and cross at the top; the ornaments are gold and the diameter is upwards of three-quarters of an inch.
The Spurs, called the great golden Spurs, are elaborately wrought they have no rowels, but end in an ornamented point.
and the space of five inches and a half in length, above the handle, is elegantly embellished with similar precious stones. The top rises into a fleur-de-lis, with six leaves, of which three are upright, and the other three are hanging down, all enriched with precious stones; out of the fleur'de'lis issues a mound made of an amethyst, set round with table-diamonds, and upon the mound across, wholly covered with precious stones, and a large table-diamond in the centre.
The Sword of Justice of the Temporality, or Third Sword, is sharp-pointed; the length of the handle is four inches, the pommel an inch and three-quarters, and the cross seven inches and a half; the scabbard in all respects is like the former.
Curtoma, or the Pointless Sword, representing the Sword of Mercy, is the principal in dignity of three swords which are borne naked before the kings at the coronation. It is a broad bright sword, of which the length of the blade is thirty-two inches, the breadth almost two inches, the handle, which is covered with fine gold wire is four inches long, and the pommel an inch and three quarters, which, with the cross, is plain steel gilt, the length of the cross is almost eight inches. The scabbard belonging to it is covered with a rich brocaded cloth of tissue, with gilt ornaments.
The sword of state, which is a large two-handed sword, having splendid scabbard of crimson velvet, decorated with gold plates of the royal badges, in order as follow: Up at the point is the orb or mound, then the royal crest of a lion standing on an imperial crown; lower down are a portcullis, harp, thistle, fleur-de-lis, and rose ; near the hilt is the portcullis repeated; next are the royal arms and supporters; and, lastly, the harp, thistle, &c., occur over again. The other side of the scabbard is exactly the same. The handle and pommel of the sword are embossed with similar devices in silver gilt; and, the cross is formed of the royal supporters, the lion and unicorn, having a rose within a laurel between them on one side, and a fleur de lis, encircled in the same manner, on the other.
The king's sceptre with the dove s a sceptre, of gold, in length three seven inches, three inches in circumference at the handle, and two inches and a quarter round the top. The pommel is decorated with a circle or fillet of table-diamonds, and in several places with precious stones of all sorts, and the mound at the top is embellished with a band or fillet of rose diamonds. Upon the mount is a small Jerusalem cross, wherein is fixed a dove with wings expanded, as the emblem of mercy.
The orb, mound, or globe, is a ball of gold of six inches diameter, encompassed with a band of the same, embellished with roses of diamonds encircling other precious stones, and edged about with pearl. On the top is a very large amethyst, of a violet or purple colour, near an inch and a half in height, of an oval form, and which, being encompassed with four silver wires, becomes the pedestal of a splendid cross of gold three inches and a quarter in height and three inches in breadth, set very close with diamonds, having, in the middle, a sapphire on one side, and an emerald on the other. It is also embellished with four large pearls in the angles of the cross, near the centre, and three more at the ends of it. The whole height of the orb and cross is eleven inches.
The first and principal diadem, denominated St. Edward's Crown, with which his Majesty is invested, is so called in commemoration of the ancient one, which was kept in Westminster Abbey till the beginning of the great rebellion, when, with the rest of the regalia, it was sacrilegiously carried away. It is a very rich imperial crown, embellished with pearls and precious stones of various kinds, as diamonds, rubies, emeralds, and sapphires, with a mound of gold on the top of it, encircled with a band of the same, embellished also with precious stones; and upon the mound a cross of gold decorated in a similar manner, having three very large oval pearls, one at the top of the cross, and two others pendant at the sides of it. This crown is composed, as all those of England are, of four crosses and as many fleur de lis upon a rim or circle of gold, all embellished with precious stones, from the tops of which crosses arise four circular bars or arches, which meet at the top, and at the
intersection is the pedestal whereon is fixed the mound. The cap within the crown is of purple velvet lined with white taffeta and turned up with ermine, thickly powdered in three rows.
THE AMPULLA AND ANOINTING SPOON.
The ampulla, which contains the holy oil, is in the form of an eagle, with the wings expanded, standing on a pedestal, all of pure gold, finely chased. The head unscrews at the middle of the neck for the convenience of putting in the oil, and, the vessel being entirely hollow, it is poured out into the spoon through the point of the beak. The weight of the whole is nearly eight or ten ounces, and the cavity of the body is capable of containing about six ounces. The anointing spoon is likewise of pure gold, with four pearls set in the broadest part of handle; the bowl of the spoon is finely chased both within and with out, and, by its extreme thinness, appears to be very ancient.
THE CORONATION DAY. By MURDO YOUNG.
All hail, Queen Victoria! all hail to this day,
So teeming with promise we welcome it here!
As the bright stream of glory pursues its glad way,
And the blessing of thousands ascends in that cheer!
But if thousands on thousands are happy before thee,
Saluting thy favours, and catching thy smiles;
Oh ! think of the millions of hearts that adore thee--
For this day is a JUBILEE over the isles!
Not alone o'er the isles but Hindostan afar
Doth our jubilee spread-in the West, the poor slave,
As he'prays for thy mercy, " fair Liberty's star
"Be the Queen of the FREE, as the Queen of the brave.'
Let the African joy, for his freedom is nigh ;
Our Queen would not reign but o'er happy and free:
Let that thunder attest it yon banner on high-
The Banner of Glory o'er land and o'er sea !
Bear witness, ye Nations! the homage we pay,
The pride that we feel, and the love we declare;
For the Queen of our hearts is, on this, happy day,
Not Zone of the brave but THE Queen of the Fair!
Nor can chivalry boast, in the rolls of renown,
A scene such as THIS-for old Time stands apart,
While the Crown of her PEOPLE VICTORIA puts on,
All radiant with beauty and pure as her heart
Then fill up a bumper to honour THE QUEEN !
Our hands and our hearts in devotion we give;
And our children, while weeping with joy o'er this scene,
Shall pray, GOD bless VICTORIA ! and long may she live.
SKETCH OF HER MAJESTY.
Her most gracious Majesty is the only daughter of the duke of Kent, the fourth son of George III., and of the duchess' of Kent, the sister of Leopold, king of the Belgians. She was born on the 24th of May, 1819 and had reached the age (eighteen) required by the law, before she could assume the reins of government, in the month previous to her accession to the throne on the death of William the Reformer, on June 20th, 1837. On the present memorable day her Majesty was crowned, and now reigns over an affectionate and trusting people by all possible illegal titles.
Till her accession to the throne her Majesty led a retired life under the care of her mother, who, giving up her native land, devoted herself most assiduously to the e education of her child, in order to make her Majesty worthy of the high station to which she was born.
During the short time her Majesty, has reigned she has well responded to the "tender and enlightened mother," under whose care, her Majesty said, "I have learned fro my infancy to respect and love the constitution of my native country." On her first memorable appearance before the Council on the of her accession, "stepping from the privacy y of domestic life to the discharge of her high functions," she so demeaned herself to cause general approbation. "She inspired," said Sir Robert Peel, " a confident expectation that she was destined to a reign of happiness for her people and of glory to herself." "There is something," he added, " which art cannot make nor lessons teach, and can only be suggested by a high and generous nature."Her Majesty has completely realised the hopes with which her careful education and her demeanour on her accession to the throne inspired all her subjects.
Her Majesty has always willingly met her people, and on both occasions she opened and closed the Parliament in person. One of the most memorable events since her accession was the great festival given to her by the City of London in November last year, which her. Majesty honoured with her presence.
All who have had occasion to approach her Majesty speak with delight of her condescension and affability, and no deserving object of the royal bounty ever applied to her Majesty in vain. Of her Majesty's personal appearance we need not speak, as the splendid portrait above gives more information at a glance than we could convey in a column. We may observe, however, that her Majesty is not tall, though she is graceful in her movements.
Her Majesty is said to be a good musician, and to be well versed in modern languages as well as in those sciences, such as botany, which are suitable for an accomplished lady. She has shown herself, since her accession to the throne, a generous patron of the theatres and the fine arts, and has already done much to restore them in England to the splendour of the Elizabethan age. Men of science have not been overlooked, and England promises to be as celebrated under her reign for the peaceful arts as ever it was for warlike deeds under the most renowned of her predecessors.
Her reign has been already distinguished by the establishment of a regular communication by steam with the United States, and the rapid improvements now continually made in the arts, of which our journal this day presents one splendid specimen, betoken an unprecedented progress in civilization. For her Majesty's reign to be glorious for herself and happy for her people, her political measures must correspond with the extraordinary movement now impelled on society. Following a monarch who acquired a deservedly-high reputation as a reformer, her task, and the task of her statesmen, it must be admitted, is not easy. But those who see in all things the directing hand of Providence will probably look on the graces of a female reign as likely to temper most advantageously the character of the monarchy, which, in this age of the world and with the present temper of mankind, might be exposed to much risk were either a heartless debauchee or a wilful tyrant to be on the throne.
The immense expense we have incurred in preparing the present copy of The Sun , which we willingly give to our Subscribers at the usual price, will prevent us from selling it to Nonsubscribers at the same rate. Its beauty, however, is so great, that we are sure the public, who will be desirous to possess such an extraordinary specimen of the art of printing, will be willing to pay the sum which we shall find it necessary to demand to cover our expense.
THE « TRUE SUN" IS NOW INCORPORATED..
THURSDAY EVENING, JUNE 28, 1838.
Our journal of this day commemorates the Coronation of her MAJESTY, by appearing in a golden dress. We claim little more merit for this splendid specimen of the united arts of engraving and printing, having most diligently exerted ourselves to lay it before our readers. To the great ingenuity of the firm of De La RUE and Co., to the perseverance and exertions of Messrs. CLOWES and Son, to the great skill of Mr. EDWARD WYON the modeller, and to the talents of one of the first engravers of the age--to all these gentlemen combined we are indebted for the great beauty which our journal this day exhibits. The zeal of all the gentlemen we have mentioned, and in particular, M. De La RUE, in rendering us assistance, is above our praise, and seemed dictated by a conviction that their own honour was concerned in our success our readers may form some idea of the exertions and expense necessary to attain our object, When we state that it has required the united labour of three large establishments, comprising between two and three hundred persons. Our publication is a proof that our exertions have not been m vain, and the very handsome manner in which three of our morning contemporaries have done us the honour to speak of the specimen we laid before them, is an earnest of that praise we hope to deserve from the public at large.
We have unfortunately to regret that an accident, wholly unexpected, and which might have happened at any time to almost any printing completed by machinery, will prevent us from preparing tonight the large numbers for which we have a demand. All our Subscribers we shall serve tonight; but the Public at large must have patience with us. By Saturday, we hope to continue our publication, and from that time forward we shall he ready to answer all the immense demand, already far exceeding our expectation, and amounting to nearly a quarter of a million, which may he made.
For ourselves, we shall briefly say that we have no other object in view than to please that public which we have ever found an indulgent and encouraging employer; and, to do honour to that day on which the Nation's QUEEN has vowed at the altar and before her assembled people to preserve the Nation's liberties, and, with God-like attributes, to do justice, tempered with mercy.Among the distinctions conferred in honour of that auspicious event which the British moon is this do celebrating, with a joy as deep as it is universial, there is none that the public will consider better deserved, or more appropriately bestowed, than that which advances Lord DUNDAE to the Earldom of Zetland. The Noble-Earl possesses extensive property in the county of Orkney, of which Zetland forms the larger and more populous portion; as well as the patronage of almost all the churches in both the districts; and he has used the power derived from these sources in such a manner as to endear himself to the inhabitants in general. But strong as these claims may be, they are in our view far inferior to that which the Noble Earl derives from having, during the course of a long life, adhered inflexibly, through good report and had report, to, liberal political principles with which he set out in his youth, and to which her Gracious Majesty is well-known to he cordially and firmly attached. This Earldom, though a new creation in the British Peerage, is notwithstanding of
very ancient date; and it is a circumstance not perhaps generally known, that the blood of the fast Earl of Orkney and Zetland, ROGNVALD, or RONALD, of MOERI, in Norway, flows is the veins of QUEEN VICTORIA. Such however, is the fact. HAROLD, the Fairhaired having subdued the Orkney and Zetland Islands towards the close of the ninth century, constituted them an earldom, dependent on the crown of Norway, and gave them in charge to the above mentioned powerful chieftain. HROLF, or ROLLO as he is generally called, the founder of the Norman dynasty, was the son of Earl Ronald: and from ROLLO, WILLIAM the Conqueror was the fifth in descent.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
The House was opened shortly after 7, and by 8 o'clock numbers of Members were flocking in, some dressed in Court dresses, a great many in military and naval uniforms, and a vast number in the uniform of the Yeomanry Cavalry.
Amongst the earliest arrivals were Lord Sandon, Mr. Bernal, Alderman Copeland, &c. The Members continued to pour in, dressed in all sorts of uniform till 9 o'clock, when the Speaker entered in his State robes, the Sergeant carrying the mace, and wearing all his orders. At that time there were upwards of 400 Members present, and it never was our fortune to witness a finer or grander scene than when the members all rose to receive the Speaker as he proceeded to the Chair. The intermixture of the various uniforms and Court dresses formed as beautiful a coup d' aeil as could possibly be witnessed.
All the officers of the army and navy wore the collars of the orders to which they belonged. Amongst those who attracted the notice of the House were Admiral Codrington, whose breast was covered with orders; Lord Wm. Bentinck, Admiral Adam, General Evans, Sir F. Trench, Sir H. Hardinge, &c.
Mr. Walter Campbell appeared in a superb Highland dress, and was loudly cheered. So also was Mr. Pease, who wore an exceedingly neat Court dress, which had as muchthe appearance of a "Friend's" dress as possible.
Mr. Fector appeared in a superb velvet Court dress, and was loudly cheered.
Shortly before the Speaker came in, Mr. O'Connell entered the House in a Court dress, which caused much laughter, in which the Hon. Member cordially joined.
During the half hour which elapsed before the Ballot was commenced, the Members enjoyed themselves in jeering and laughing at each other.
At half-past nine precisely the Speaker called "Order," and said that the Ballot was now about to take place, and as the counties were called the Gentlemen who represented them, and places within them, would at once proceed to the Abbey.
The first county called was Meath, then Perth, Flint, &c. It was singular that the first drawn were those which had but few Representatives, consequently the House was filled for a considerable time after the balloting began.
Lord W. Bentinck was the last to leave the House. The Ballot was qot through is half as hour, and the speaker accompanied by the Serjeant, Chaplain, Secretary, &c. went over to the Abbey at Ten o'clock.
OFFICE OF ORDNANCE.In Pall-mall, the Office of Ordnance was remarkable for the splendour and elegance of the decorations in the centre of the building was displayed the ancient Ordnance arms, mounted by a white rose and the crown, above which was raised the Royal standard, which was of large dimensions, and pourtrayed in brilliant colours; on either side were two large shields with military trophies embraced by a scroll, on which was inscribed Victoria Regina, ornamented with variegated
lamps. The national emblems of the rose, shamrock, and thistle, entwined in a wreath of laurel, completed the centre ornaments. On each wing was a large star in variegated lamps, surmounted
by three Union Jacks floating from the parapet. On the gable walls enclosing the fore-court a military trophy of brilliant flags, consisting of regimental standards, was arranged with great taste, which were placed in such a way as to harmonize with the other devices, and to give to the whole the appearance of great magnitude. The whole of the fore court was appropriated to the construction of a spacious gallery for the accommodation of the Master-General of the Ordnance, the Board Officers, and the Civil Employee in London. Seats were also reserved for ladies connected with the military and civil officers of the Department. The gallery was constructed upon the most approved principles, and secured by the substantial character of the work from the possibility of accident. On either side of this gallery was a plateau, upon which were drawn up files of soldiers, comprised of Gunners of the Artillery, and Sappers attached to the corps of Royal Engineers, all " en grand tenue ." The contrast in the uniform of these men, that of the Sappers being scarlet, and of the Gunners blue, added much to the effect of the coup d' aeil , giving life and animation to this brilliant exhibition of military parade.
The entire arrangements and the style m the decorations did great credit to the liberality of the Department, and, to the taste of Sir Frederick Smith, Commanding Royal Engineers, under whose directions they were executed by Mr. Chas. Storey, Clerk of the Works.
THE CORONATION OF QUEEN VICTORIA.
STATE PROCESSION, FROM THE QUEEN'S PALACE TO THE WEST GATE OF WESTMINSTER ABBEY.
At seventeen minutes past Three o'clock this morning, a Royal salute of twenty-one guns announced that the Sun was then rising upon the joyous day, when the Crown of these great realms was to be placed upon the head of the most popular and beloved Sovereign that has wielded the British sceptre since the days of Alfred. The whole metropolis was literally awakened, and presented a scene of bustle and excitement rarely if ever equalled. At four o'clock, the streets were so thronged with carriages and pedestrians that they were in many places impassable, and the whole population seemed to have been poured out in the direction of the Parks and of Westminster Abbey.
THE QUEEN'S PALACE.Even so early as six o'clock the Green Park, the Mall, and the enclosure in St. James's Park, were filled with persons of all ranks, and at that early hour the struggle for places commenced; but those who were successful in taking up the best positions were premature in their triumph. For soon afterwards the police took up their ground, and the military also made their appearance in the open space, or parade, in front of the Queen's Palace, and by degrees the crowds were compelled to retire within the enclosures, and down the Mall. The squadrons of Life Guards and a troop of Lancers, which were to take part in the procession, together with a company of Light Infantry, were drawn up in different parts of the area, whilst the centre was filled with General Officers and their Staffs. The imposing character of the scene was heightened by the picturesque appearance of the Yeomen of the Guard in their State dresses. The roof of the North projection of the Palace was literally covered with people, and on the top of the triumphal arch there were stationed two sailors, of remarkably fine figure, who were in charge of the flag-staff upon which the Royal Standard was to be hoisted on her Majesty's departure from the Palace. About eight o'clock the fine band of the Life Guards struck up "God Save the Queen," and played at intervals until the commencement of the procession. The carriages which were to compose the cavalcade now took their places according to the order
prescribed--those of the Foreign Ambassadors in the south walk, and the Royal carriages in the north walk of the Mall. At ten o'clock the procession began to move, and as the several illustrious foreigners were recognized, they were much cheered, especially Marshal Soult, who acknowledged the compliment by repeated bows. His Excellency, Ahmed Pacha, also seemed gratified at the reception he met with, as his equipage passed through the crowded lines. The occupants of the Royal carriages were also warmly greeted. His Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge was evidently in great good humour, and frequently bowed to the populace; and the Duke of Sussex and the Duchess of Kent were saluted with the most enthusiastic cheering. We are happy to say that his Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex looked much better than we have for some time seen him.
Up to this time the weather had worn the uncertain aspect which characterised the last few days. For an hour it seemed doubtful whether sunshine or rain would prevail, but almost at the instant when the noble-looking tars upon the roof of the triumphal arch hoisted the Royal Standard, as the Queen was entering her carriage, the clouds passed away, and the sun shone forth with all the brilliancy of midsummer. The tars waved their hats and cheered as the Standard rose. The immense assemblage responded to the cheer with one tremendous shout of joy, which was continued until the Royal cortege had passed over Constitution-hill. Her Majesty was in most excellent spirits, and smiled graciously upon the many of her subjects who in this place strove to catch her attention to their affectionate greetings. She was accompanied by the Master of the Horse, Lord Albemarle, and the Duchess of Sutherland, the Mistress of the Robes.
The following is the order of the procession
Under the Direction of one of the Queen's Equerries, with Two Assistants.
A squadron of Life Guards.
Carriages of the Foreign resident Ambassadors and Ministers, in the order in which they take precedence in this country.--
The Charge d'Affaires of Mexico.
The Charge d'Affaires of Portugal.
The Charge d'Affaires of Sweden.
The Saxon Minister.
The Hanoverian Minister.
The Greek Minister.
The Sardinian Minister.
The Spanish Minister.
The Minister from the United States.
The Minister from the Netherlands.
The Brazilian Minister.
The Bavarian Minister.
The Danish Minister The Belgian Minister.
The Wirtemberg Minister.
The Prussian Minister.
Carriages of the Foreign Ambassadors and Ministers Extraordinary, in the order in which they respectively reported their arrival in this country.Ahmed Fettij Pasha, Ambassador Extraordinary from the Sultan . The carriage was drawn by two horses. The body is painted a rich lake, with the rising sun and crescent richly emblazoned on
the pannels. The lining crimson and yellow silk, with rich festoons. The hammercloth is blue, with gold and scarlet hangers. The centre is scarlet velvet, on which is the rising sun and crescent with diamonds. The carriage is lake, gold, and pink. The carving is also very massive. The harness is very handsome and elegant, with the rising sun and crescent and star, with trophies, on the different parts to correspond. The coachman and footmen wore their usual European liveries.
His Excellency Marshal Soult (Duke de Dalmatia), Ambassador Extraordinary from France .
The carriage of the above talented nobleman has created by far more interest than that of any other Ambassador. The carriage is of French manufacture; the colour is a rich cobalt, relieved with gold. The pannels are superbly emblazoned with the arms of his Excellency, at the back of which are the baton of a Field Marshal. The only order is that of the Legion of Honour. It has side lights and four elegant lamps, ornamented with the ducal coronet, of rich chased silver. The raised cornice is also of silver, and it is higher and more elaborately chased than any other carriage in the cavalcade; at each of the four comers is a ducal coronet of large dimensions. The lining of the interior is of a rich nankeen satin, relieved with scarlet, and fitted up in quite an unique style. The hammercloth is of blue broadcloth, and trimmed with nankeen gimp and tassels. In the centre is the arms of his Excellency, exquisitely embroidered. The harness is ornamented with a most beautifully chased silver furniture. The liveries are of a drab colour, with a rich figured silk lace. It was drawn by two horses.
His Excellency the Duke De Palmella, Ambassador Extraordinary from Portugal .--The carriage was drawn by two horses. It is of a deep but very brilliant green, relieved with silver, on which is ornamental tracery of vermillion and a lighter green than the ground; the arms are richly emblazoned on all the pannels; beneath those in the centre are the Duke's numerous orders. The loops are silver, with rich chased silver foliage, terminating with the coronet; a solid silver cornice surrounds the roof. The lamps are exceedingly rich, surmounted by the ducal coronet. The hammercloth is white, and in its character unique; and is remarkable for its elegance as well as its novelty. Between rows of rich lace is a deep gimp that, for its richness, might be taken for embroidery. In the centre are his Excellency's arms, richly gilt, within rich Genoa crimson velvet mantles, surmounted by the Coronet. The lining is of white satin damask, striped with rose-coloured satin, being drawn in the centre of the room in festoons, the whole interior being finished with a white silk lace, figured with coloured roses. The harness is most richly embossed with silver, with waving plumes for the horses. The chasseur's uniform and servants' liveries are:--Chasseur's: green coat, trimmed on collar and cuffs with silver russia braid; scarlet collar, cuffs, and turn-backs; trousers green, with broad silver lace down the sides, handsomely trimmed with silver russia braid; silver cross-belt, sword, &c. Servants' :--Coats of dark green, lined through with scarlet, laced richly with silver lace on edges, seams, flaps, and frames, with silver aiguilettes; waistcoats of scarlet, laced with silver lace; breeches, scarlet, with silver lace garters.His Excellency Count Gustave de Lowenhielm, Ambassador Extraordinary from Sweden . His Excellency's state carriage was drawn by two horses. The body is painted rich lake, with the arms and the different orders richly emblazoned on the pannels. The lining is blue and yellow silk, with handsome festoons; the hammer-cloth is of white cloth, with gold fringe and hangers; the centre contains the arms and different orders of his Excellency, in chased gold, on crimson Genoa velvet, with rich lace fringe round the same ; the carriage and wheels painted a rich cobalt blue, relieved with crimson and gold. The carving of the carriage is very massive; the harness is most splendid, with the arms richly embossed on different parts. The colour of the coats is
crimson, trimmed with yellow, and laced in a most elegant manner, with rich gold lace, which blends well with the waistcoats and small-clothes of white kerseymere; they are also trimmed with rich gold lace. The chasseur's dress is of green, of the most massive and splendid description, being laced in the richest manner with gold lace.
His Excellency the Marquis de Brignole, Ambassador Extraordinary from Sardinia .--His Excellency's carriage is of French manufacture. The body is of a deep chocolate colour, relieved with white. On the pannels the Noble Marquis's arms are emblazoned in a beautiful style, to the garter of which are appended the various Orders of his Excellency. It is the only carriage (excepting Marshal Soult's that has side-lights. It is particularly remarkable for its symmetry and chasteness. At each comer is an elegantly silver-mounted lamp, ornamented with his Excellency's coronet. The lining is of a rich figured crimson damask, the roof being ornamented with festoons of white satin; the whole is finished with a figured silk lace of crimson and white. It was drawn by two horses, their harness being ornamented with richly-chased silver mountings. The liveries are a chasseur in a green uniform, with gold cross, bolts and lace; feathers blue and white. Footmen, &c.--The coat is scarlet, the seams, lappets, &c., being covered with silk lace, with the arms of the Marquis worked in colours. The waistcoats and breeches are white, trimmed with the same lace.
His Excellency Count Alten, Ambassador Extraordinary from Hanover . The State coach painted olive green, relieved with white; the lining of rich drab silk with satin stripes; arms, supporters, and orders emblazoned on pannels, and handsome white hammercloths, with rich crimson and white fringe, and bullions, and embroidered arms and coronets. The liveries are white cloth, with crimson cuffs and collars, laced with silver; silver aguilettes on the shoulders. The waistcoats white, laced with silver. The breeches of crimson plush, with silver garter. It was drawn by two horses.
His Excellency Prince Putbus, Ambassador Extraordinary from Prussia . An elegant State coach of the first class, chastely painted, the Royal yellow relieved by a massy portion of gilding, picked out black, and edged with cobalt blue, decorated with heraldry painted on the doors in large mantles, in which are displayed his Highness's arms and foreign orders of knighthood, surmounted by a crown in the quarters. Both the back and end are also filled with emblazonry. The upper quarters are massively occupied by twelve stately elaborately chased head plates of his arms and orders; on the top of them is displayed a rich finished embossed cornice, gold relieved with rubies. The roof is elegantly and tastefully painted by being starred in gold, chastely studded and relieved with blue. The lining is a delicate and fine amber, in shades, the lace combining in relief over rose, shamrock, and thistle (not an unapt compliment). The seat cloth is beautifully formed; it is of yellow velvet, nearly covered with the richest lace, and having on the whole a fine effect. The carriage was drawn by two horses; harness ornamented with chased brass. His Highness had two chasseurs, in green and gold uniforms, with cocked hats, the feathers of which are yellow and green. The liveries are rich dark puce-coloured coats, covered with a heavy gold lace; waistcoats and breeches of yellow, with gold lace and garters.His Excellency the Marquis de Miraflores, Ambassador Extraordinary from Spain .--The State Coach is painted dark lake, and was drawn by four horses; the arms, with the different orders of his Excellency, with supporters and rich mantling, beautifully emblazoned, on the pannels. The lining of rich crimson damask silk, bordered with white and crimson silk lace; the top beautifully worked and fluted in white satin. The footmen's standards and coachmen's seat of solid carved work, richly gilt; hammercloth white, with gold-coloured fringe and hangers, tastefully arranged in festoons. The liveries are very neat, being white, trimmed with a figured silk lace.
His Excellency Baron de Capellen, Ambassador Extraordinary from the Netherlands .--A State coach, painted an ultra-marine blue, relieved with orange, and lined with drab flowered silk and rich silk lace. Arms and supporters emblazoned on the pannels in large crimson and furmantle, surmounted by large coronets, and the star of several orders displayed on the quarters; handsomely fringed hammercloth, with embroidered arm and supporters, and richly chased lamps, surmounted by large brass chased coronets. It was drawn by six horses. The liveries are coats of the above beautiful blue, trimmed with silver lace, and silver epaulets; orange waistcoats and breeches, trimmed with silver; hats with real ostrich feathers.
His Excellency Prince Schwarzenberg, Ambassador Extraordinary from Austria .--A State chariot of the most approved taste. The colour is yellow, relieved with blue. On the pannels his Excellency's arms in a mantle, superbly emblazoned. Various orders are attached; among the most conspicuous is that of the Gold Fleece. The top is surmounted by a neat but tasteful silver cornice, with the coronet of the Prince at the four corners. The handplates are of silver. The hammercloth is of pale blue, trimmed in an elegant style with amber-silk lace. In the centre are the armorial bearings of the Prince, of elaborately chased gold. The interior is lined with a rich blue watered silk damask. The carriage was drawn by two horses. The harness is beautifully finished, and although exceedingly rich and fully charged with arms, chased work, &c., at the same time is so recbercbe that any private gentleman might have used it without appearing to court attraction by any over display of ornament. The liveries coats of imperial blue, lined with scarlet, decorated with a very small figured silver lace; waistcoat and breeches of scarlet, with silver lace trimmings. The chasseurs, a uniform of green, silver crossbelts, sword, &c.
Count Strogonoff, Ambassador Extraordinary from the Emperor of Russia. --The body of the state carriage is painted lake, with ornamental mouldings round the roof and framings, surmounted with coronets. The lamps embossed, and the body suspended by snakes issuing out of rushes, all richly gilt. The panels are embellished with his Excellency's arms, supporters (foxes), three crests on helmets, and the ribbands and badges of the Russian St. Alexander and St. Vladimir, the lion of Belgium, the Greek order of Otho, and the medal to commemorate the campaign of 1812, in rich mantles, surmounted by the Count's coronet. The carriage carved with oak branches, &c., vermillion and lake, and handsomely gilt. The lining is crimson figured silk, with gold colour lace and bullion trimmings, and relieved by the roof being white cloth embroidered with a wreath of oak, with the thistle and shamrock surrounding the rose. The seat-cloth is scarlet to match the livery, with gold-coloured lace and fringe with bullion drops, festooned and ornamented in the centre with his Excellency's arms in gold on a rich black Genoa velvet. The harness is very splendidly emblazoned with solid brass frames, the arms of the Count being richly chased. Saddle cloths of scarlet, laced with wide gold lace and black velvet. The bridle is mounted with gold. Rich crimson silk driving reins, with scarlet satin roses and ear-bows, the whole being of the most costly description. The terets are mounted with a massive coronet. The whip is embroidered with scarlet and white silk, and superbly mounted with gold. The State liveries of his Excellency are of the most splendid description. The colour of the coats scarlet, richly laced with a gold and silk lace. The arms and crest of Count Strogonoff embroidered on it; the lining yellow, and the cuffs and collars of black velvet. At each of the buttons on the cuffs and at the end of each loop of the lace is a handsome gold and silk tassel. The waistcoats are of yellow cloth, laced with the richest gold lace, 2¼ inches broad. The small clothes of scarlet with a gold band. The whole of them are of the finest quality, and have a grand and imposing appearance. They were made by Jackson and Son, of Corkstreet, who furnished
those of the Swedish and Hanoverian Ambassadors. This "turn out," to use a technical phrase, was the most splendid in this brilliant cortege. The carriage was drawn by two horses.
The Prince de Ligne, Ambassador Extraordinary from the King of the Belgians. --The carriage is painted a deep lake, picked out with broad lines of gold, and edged with vermillion. The arms of the Noble Prince are richly emblazoned on the pannels; the roof ornamented by four gold coronets, one at each corner; the head plates are of brass, richly chased, and full mounted with brass; the seat cloth is drab, bound with a rich figured silk lace, nine inches wide, and ornamented with festoons and rosettes. The carriage was drawn by a set of six fine grey horses, four-in-hand and postillions, and was accompanied by two outriders on grey horses. The liveries are-scarlet coat, with yellow collar, cuffs, and edging, richly laced with silver, and richly embroidered with silver lace front, back, and sleeves; a rich silver aigulette and badge of the Prince; yellow vest, richly laced with silver; yellow breeches, with silver garters. Postillion--Scarlet jacket, with yellow collar and cuffs, richly laced all round, and embroidered with rich silver gimp, and badge on the arm; leather breeches. Footmen scarlet coat, with yellow collar, cuffs and edging, richly laced all over with silver; yellow breeches, with silver garters. They are very rich in their appearance.
His Excellency Count Ludolff, Ambassador Extraordinary from Sicily .--The carriage of his Excellency was the same that he attended her Majesty's Drawing-Rooms in on ordinary occasions.
Her Majesty's State Hammercloth
Is covered with scarlet silk Genoa velvet, embroidered throughout with gold. The badges on each side and back, the fringes, ropes, and tassels being of that valuable metal. We understand that it cost 1,000 l .
His Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge.
Two elegant hammercloths, made by Adams and Hooper, of the Haymarket, in the same style as those of his Majesty George the Third, in order to harmonise with the State liveries; they are composed of scarlet cloth, with several rows of rich purple Genoa velvet, edged with gold lace, and footman's holders to correspond, with scarlet tassels, producing a beautiful effect.
Under the direction of one of the Queen's Equerries, with two Assistants.
Mounted Band of a Regiment of Household Brigade. Detachment of Life Guards.
Carriages of the Branches of the Royal Family, with their respective Escorts:--
The DUCHESS of KENT and Attendants,
in her Royal Highness's two Carriages, each drawn by six horses, with her proper Escort of Life Guards.
The DUCHESS of GLOUCESTER and Attendants,
in her Royal Highness's two carriages, each drawn by six horses, with her proper Escort of Life Guards.
The DUKE and DUCHESS of CAMBRIDGE and Attendants,
in his Royal Highness's two Carriages, each drawn by six horses, with his proper Escort of Life Guards.
The DUKE of Sussex and Attendants,
in his Royal Highnesses Carriage, drawn by six horses, with his proper Escort of Life Guards.
Under the direction of one of the Queen's Equerries with two Assistants.
Mounted Band of a Regiment of the Household Brigade.
The Queen's Bargemaster.
The Queen's Forty-eight Watermen.
HER MAJESTY'S CARRIAGES.
each drawn by six horses :
THE FIRST CARRIAGE
Two Grooms walking--drawn by six bays--two grooms walking
Two Pages of Honour--James Chas. M. Cowell, Esq.--G. F. C. Cavendish, Esq.-- Two Gentlemen Ushers--Major Beresford--Captain Green.
Two Grooms walking--drawn by six bays--two grooms walking
Two Pages of Honour-Charles Ellice, Esq.--Lord Kilmarnock--The Hon. F. Byng--C. Heneage, Esq.. Two Gentlemen Ushers
Two Grooms walking--drawn by six bays--two grooms walking
Two Bedchamber Women--Lady Theresa Digby--Lady Char. Copley--Hon. George Keppel--Henry Rich, Esq.--Two Grooms in Waiting.
Two Grooms walking--drawn by six bays--two grooms walking
Two Bedchamber Women--Lady Harriet Clivee--Lady Caroline Barrington--Hon. William Cowper--Sir Frederick Stovin.
Two Grooms walking--drawn by six bays--two grooms walking
Two Maids of Honour--Honourable Miss Rice--Honourable Miss Murray--Groom of the Robes, Captain Francis Seymour--Clerk Marshal, Hon. Colonel Cavendish.
Two Grooms walking--drawn by six bays--two grooms walking
Two Maids of Honour--Honourable Miss Lister--Honourable Miss Paget--Keeper of the Pvivy Purse, Sir Henry Wheatley--Vice-Chamberlain, Earl of Belfast.
Two Grooms walking--drawn by six bays--two grooms walking
Two Maids of Honour--Honourable Miss Cavendish--Honourable Miss Cocks--Treasurer of the Household, Earl of Surrey--Comptroller of the Household, Hon. George Byng.
Two Grooms walking--drawn by six bays--two grooms walking
Two Maids of Honour--Honourable Miss Dillon--Honourable Miss Pitt--Lord Gardner--Lord Lilford.
NINTH CARRIAGETwo Grooms walking--drawn by six greys--two grooms walking
Two Ladies of the Bedchamber--Lady Portman--Lady Barham--Lord Byron--Viscount Falkland.
Two Grooms walking--drawn by six bays--two grooms walking
Two Ladies of the Bedchamber--Lady Lyttleton--Countess of Mulgrave--Viscount Torrington--Earl of Uxbridge.
Two Grooms walking--drawn by six bays--two grooms walking
Two Ladies of the Bedchamber--The Countess of Charlemont--Marchioness of Tavistock--The Earl of Fingall--Marquis of Headfort--Two Lords in Waiting.
Three Grooms walking--drawn by six blacks--Three Grooms walking
The Principal Lady of the Bedchamber--The Marchioness of Lansdowne--The Lord Chamberlain, Marquis Conyngham--The Lord Steward, Duke of Argyll--A squadron of Life Guards--Mounted Band of the Household Brigade--Military Staff and Aid-du-Camp on horseback, three and three,
attended by one Groom each, and on either side by the Equerry of the Crown Stable, Sir George Quentin, and the Queen's Gentleman Rider, Deputy Adjutant General, Deputy Quarter-Master-General, Deputy Adjutant-General Royal Artillery, Quarter-Master-General, Military Secretary to the Commander-in-Chief, Adjutant-General.
The Royal Huntsmen, Yeomen Prickers, and Foresters.
Six of her Majesty's Horses, with rich trappings, each horse led by two Grooms.
The Knight Marshal on Horseback.
Marshalmen in Ranks of Four.
The Junior Exon of the Yeomen of the Guard on Horseback.
One Hundred Yeomen of the Guard,
four and four.
The Senior Exon, Ensign, and Lieutenant of the Yeomen on Horseback.
THE STATE COACH,
drawn by eight cream-coloured horses, attended by a Yeoman of the Guard at each wheel, and two Footmen at each door,
The Gold Stick Viscount Combermere--and the Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard--The Earl of Ilchester, Riding on either side, attended by Two Grooms each,
The Mistress of the Robes, the Duchess of Sutherland. The Master of the Horse, the Earl of Albemarle.
The Captain-General of the Royal Archers, the Duke of Buccleuch, attended by two Grooms.A squadron of Life Guards closed the procession.
HYDE PARK CORNER.
As early as half-past seven this morning the curious began to take their stations on each side of Piccadilly, and at half past eight it was impossible to get from or to the line by any of the branch streets; while "confused, unnumbered multitudes" perambulated the line for the purpose of picking out the best spot from which they could obtain a sight of their youthful and beloved Queen. Nor were those who had secured seats at the different windows later in their arrival. The galleries erected in front of the mansions of the late Lord Eldon and of Lady Antrobus were, by eight o'clock, occupied with the "Fairest of Creation, the last and best of all God's works;" and certainly the space between Hamilton-place and Apsley House presented a most beautiful and grand appearance.
At 9 o'clock, the Police commenced clearing the line, and by half-past nine the road was in perfect order for the procession. Indeed, great credit is due to the police who were stationed at this part of the line (the T division), for the very quiet but effective way in which they did their duty.
A few minutes before ten the first squadron of Life Guards reached Hyde Park-corner, and shortly afterwards the Foreign Ambassadors arrived, the splendour of whose carriages appeared to excite the admiration of all. Marshal Soult was warmly greeted by the populace. Some little confusion was here created in consequence of the Ambassador having broken the line, but order was soon restored, and "The pomp, the pageantry, and the proud array" proceeded. At a quarter past ten a salute was heard announcing that her Majesty had left the palace, and this was the signal for a hearty shout from the "numbers without number."
The Duchess of Kent and the Duke of Sussex were warmly greeted.
At half-past ten her Majesty's carriage passed Apsley House, which--
" With slow but stately pace kept on its course,
While all tongues cried 'God save thee'
You would have thought the very windows apake
So many greedy looks of young and old
Through casements darted their desiring eyes
And that all the walls
With painted imagery, had said at once'
Jesu preserve thee."'
Thus the gorgeous carriage of England's Queen moved on, amidst the loud acclamations of her loyal and loving subjects, which her Majesty most graciously acknowledged, while
"In every gesture was dignity and love."
ST. JAMES'S STREET.
Viewed from St. James's Palace, the scene to the upper end of St. James's-street was of the most brilliant and animated description. Nearly the whole of the windows and balconies were occupied before seven o'clock, and at eight scarcely a seat remained vacant. Crockford's had a peculiarly splendid appearance, from the large number of elegantly attired ladies who adorned the spacious galleries which extended the whole length of the edifice. The humbler class of spectators on the footpaths had by this time assembled in considerable numbers, and continued to augment every moment; and innumerable were the "hair-breadth escapes" of the pedestrians in attempting to
cross the street, particularly at its junction with Piccadilly, from the roll of carriages and passage of troops. The danger was somewhat lessened, when at 8 o'clock the barriers were closed to the public, remaining open merely for those who had tickets for the Abbey. About nine o'clock the barriers were finally closed, and the assembly then began to settle into something like order, for the purpose of conveniently viewing the procession on its arrival. By half-past nine an avenue had been completely formed, and the crowd waited with the utmost impatience for the signal which was to announce her Majesty's departure from the Palace. This! was at length heard, and about twenty minutes past ten the first part of the cavalcade turned into St. James's street. A few minutes afterwards the band arrived and struck up "God Save the Queen," amidst the warmest demonstrations of respect. Marshal Soult on being recognized was loudly cheered, and the applause was prolonged as his carriage proceeded down the street. The Duchess of Kent met with an enthusiastic reception, and the Duke of Sussex was greeted with immense cheering. The waving of handkerchiefs from the windows now announced the approach of her Majesty, and every eye was strained to catch a glimpse of the carriage, which at length entered St. James's-street, amidst the simultaneous and enthusiastic cheers of the assembled multitude, which were prolonged as her Majesty graciously acknowledged the symptoms of loyalty which were manifested. On passing St. James's Palace, about a quarter before eleven o'clock, a short delay took place in consequence, we understood, of one of the traces of her Majesty's carriage giving way. This, however, was not regretted by the spectators, who were gratified with a more perfect view of her Majesty than they otherwise would have been, and who seemed to vie with each other in their demonstrations of attachment to her person. The accident having been remedied, the procession again advanced.
This formed one of the most interesting districts in the whole line of the gorgeous procession. Here the ingenuity of the architect, the painter, the carpenter, the haberdasher, &c., had been taxed to the utmost in the expression of the feelings of loyalty which unquestionably pervaded the universal population. At an early period of the day, the whole street was thronged by pedestrians and equestrians of every description, whose gladsome features and joyous expressions denoted that they anticipated the glorious proceedings of the day. We are informed that even as early as four o'clock, the passengers were far more numerous than is usually the case at the same hour in the afternoon; and some thousands of people, anxious to obtain a peep at "the admired of all beholders " remained in the stations of which they had possessed themselves, for three or four hours. We mention this circumstance as one of the most convincing proofs of the general loyalty evinced throughout the day.
The morning appeared rather lowering, and a quantity of rain fell between eight and nine o'clock; but while it damped the apparel, it neither damped the spirit nor the expression of the loyalty of that vast assemblage. By ten o'clock, however, the sun shone forth in his native majesty, and dissipated at once the ominous clouds of the skies, and the fears and forebodings of her Majesty's leal and true subjects.
Every window in the whole line of houses was, for at least two hours previous to the arrival of the magnificent pageantry thrown open, and hundreds of England's fair looked forth upon the multitudinous preparations that were making for the reception of the youthful "Queen of Hearts."At all the public offices, club houses, palaces, &c., in Pallmall, scaffoldings had been erected on the grandest and most extensive scale for the accommodation of the people who delighted to honour" the occasion of a virgin Queen's inauguration. Most of these thronged resorts possessed attendant
roams for wines and refreshments, which were brought into requisition to a great extent, we believe throughout the day; and many were the sincere aspirations breathed forth for the happiness, the long life, and prosperity of her who engrosses the attraction of all Europe at the present moment. Myriads said in look and action if not in language-
" May she live longer than we have time to tell her years,
Ever loved, and loving may her rule be,
And when Old Time shall lead her to her end,
Goodness and she fill up one monument."
And the language and gesture of every one told of anticipations of a long, felicitous, and peaceful reign. But tongue nor pen can tell appropriately one fiftieth part of all that claims notice in connection with this "Day of days." Suffice it to say, that every thing which could possibly express the affections of a loyal people was called into requisition by the joyous' inhabitants. St. James's Palace, Marlborough Palace (the residente of her Majesty the Queen Dowager), Perceval's music' shop, the Ordnance, and the Globe Office, presented attractive spectacles. The Oxford and Cambridge Club had scaffoldings erected capable of providing accommodation for upwards of 600 members and friends of the institution; and the Carlton Club afforded seats to upwards of 500 ladies and gentlemen. The arrangements connected with the Italian Opera were of the most superb description; and we must make honourable mention of the taste of the respective architects who superintended the erections at the Union Club, University Club, United Service Club, Waterloo House, &c., &c.
About ten o'clock the roar of the artillery in the Park announced to the eager expectants along the line her Majesty's departure from Buckingham Palace; and about half an hour afterwards the first part of the magnificent procession made its appearance. It is impossible for us to particularize the reception of the various august personages who constituted the pageantry; and we must confine ourselves to the following brief statement of facts: Marshal Soult met with the most rapturous gratulations of the whole people, forming the most conclusive answer to the unworthy attempts which have been made of late to excite a spirit of insult towards that illustrious Nobleman. The applauding which welcomed the arrival of the carriages of the Duchess of Kent and her attendants, and the Duke of Sussex and attendants, were of the most rapturous description. But the Queen! Her reception baffles every attempt at description. No sooner did the people obtain a sight of the features of her Majesty, than
"Such a noise arose
As shrouds make at sea in the stiff tempest,
As loud, and to as many tunes ; hats. cloaks,
(Jackets, 'twas said) flew up, and had their faces
Been loose this day they bad been lost"
Her Majesty felt sensibly the enthusiasm with which she was hailed, and returned the salutations by repeated bows to the assemblage on both sides as the procession passed along.
Everything passed off in the most happy manner; and in justice we state that the military and constabulary regulations were of the first order.
CHARING CROSS.As early as six o'clock the opposite space opposite Charing-cross and Trafalgar-square was crowded to excess by persons of every rank and description, from the rich citizen to the poor mechanic, all anxious to catch a glimpse of, and to shew their loyalty to England's virgin Queen.
The erections from this place to the Horse Guards are many of them tasteful in the extreme, especially at the Admiralty, where the accommodation for the ladies of the various officers of that department are very extensive. Along the whole of this line the smiling and lovely faces of the beauty of England
" Made us gaze we knew not where,
Dazzled with beauty."
The commencement of the procession arrived at Charing Cross at half-past ten o'clock, and this was the signal for the congregated multitude to exercise might and right. Hundreds who had patiently kept their places in the front since six o'clock were forced back, and it was with the greatest difficulty the soldiers and police could prevent incursions on the line set apart for the procession. On the arrival of the carriage of Marshal Soult, Duke of Dalmatia, opposite Drummond's banking house, the hero of "a hundred fights" was most enthusiastically cheered. The veteran Marshal returned the honour with the greatest grace, and appeared highly delighted with the attention paid him. The passing of the Duchess of Kent's carriage was the signal for another rush, and we do firmly believe, that but for the police, the crowd would have carried their loyalty so far as to have forced their hands into the Royal carriage, in order to demonstrate their feelings by shaking hands with the mother of their beloved Queen. Her Royal Highness appeared highly delighted and repeatedly acknowledged the enthusiastic demonstrations of loyalty and respect towards her. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge were greatly cheered, but the applause that was conferred upon the Duke of Sussex was beyond description; it must have been most grateful to his Royal Highness, who appeared greatly affected. At ten minutes past 11 o'clock, her Majesty in the Royal State carriage passed Charing Cross. At this moment the waving of handkerchiers from every balcony and window, and the loud huzzas and demonstrations of loyalty from the congregated thousands below, pouttrayed a scene which it is impossible for pen to describe. Her Majesty appeared highly delighted, and repeatedly bowed in the most condescending manner. Upon the Royal Carriage arriving at the Admiralty, the acclamations of the assembled multitude were renewed.
The Horse Guards, as well as all the other Government Offices, were crowded at every window and every house-top at a very early hour. Along Parliament street there were some very tasteful erections in front of the houses, which were generally covered with some device; they were festooned, and branches of evergreens were judiciously interspersed, so as to give the whole line a very pleasing appearance, which was much heightened when they were filled with beautiful and smiling happy faces. Amongst all, the largest and most tasteful was that erected by the Reform Club. It gave accommodation to 600 ladies and 500 Members and friends. We understand that the Committee have resolved to afford refreshments to the whole of their visitors upon this auspicious occasion. In St. Margaret's Church-yard there was not an inch of space unoccupied, and every seat was filled before nine o'clock. No seats were to be obtained for 2s. 6d. this morning as was the case upon the occasion of the Coronation of George the Fourth.
The head of the procession reached this point at eleven o'clock, and seemed to give pleasure to the whole of the vast multitude assembled, many saying that it was the finest procession which they had ever seen in this country or abroad.
Marshal Soult was much cheered as he passed along the line, with which he seemed to be well pleased.
The Duchess of Kent was most enthusiastically cheered, the ladies all waving their handkerchiefs.
The Duchess of Gloucester and the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge were also cheered, and the immense mass assembled, most enthusiastically and cordially cheered the Duke of Sussex.
The multitude of Reformers assembled in the Reform Club House were so enthusiastic in their demonstrations of loyalty as to draw the special attention of our youthful Queen, who acknowledged it by repeated bows. As the Royal carriage progressed the cheering and waving of handkerchiefs were unbounded-every hat was doffed, and many were the blessings invoked upon the head of her youthful Majesty.
Her Majesty arrived at the Abbey precisely at 32 minutes past eleven o'clock. When she alighted, all the bands played the National Anthem.
The arrival was announced at that moment by the firing of a gun.
The procession was most admirably conducted, and, so far as we were able to learn, without a single accident.
The line was kept by the police, assisted by the Guards (Foot). The Royal Artillery Company, commanded by Col. Cox, were on duty in Parliament-street, and loudly cheered their Royal Colonel, the Duke of Sussex, as he passed.
The great body of the general spectators were congregated in the Nave, along the sides of which galleries were constructed arranged in an amphitheatrical form, with ten rows of benches, rising above one another, and calculated to hold at least 1,500 persons. Very shortly after five o'clock, the hour at which the Abbey was opened, these galleries began rapidly to fill, and by seven o'clock were crowded. The spectacle presented by this vast audience was very striking. The diversified colours of the different dresses. Naval and Military Officers in their respective uniforms, Clergymen in canonical robes, Civilians in endless variety of apparel--from the most orthodox full dress, to the ordinary every-day garments (for the regulations as to full dress were by no means enforced, though none were to be seen who were not well attired)--and above all, the countless hues which marked the dresses of the fair--all combined to render the scene at once picturesque and pleasing. The patience of these spectators was to be severely tried by a six hours' delay; but there were not wanting numerous objects to divert their attention and wile away the tedious interval. Those more distinguished personages who had seats in the choir had of course to pass up the nave, to reach their various destinations, and were a source of perpetually changing attraction. Now, a judge of the land; with slow and legal step, paced the floor; then, a Peer of the Realm, arrayed in coronation robes of crimson velvet, edged with ,ermine, and coronet in hand, not unfrequently with a real and unassumed dignity of port and bearing that forcibly reminded us of the " Knights and Barons bold "of by-gone ages; and led us for a moment to believe that "the age of chivalry" had not yet fled; anon, still more attractive, came some noble dame--her splendid flowing train spreading around her in luxurious magnificence, her fair and lofty brow bearing the impress of nobility, followed perhaps by some "lovely daughters of a noble house," not unworthy of their titled ancestors; officers, "in all the pomp and pride of glorious war;" bishops and aldermen, pursuivants, gentlemen-at-arms passing in quick succession. Between seven and eight companies of foot guards arrived and lined the hall. Many of the Foreign Ambassadors now arrived; and the novelty and richness of their dresses excited great admiration, not, however, equal to that which was awakened by the appearance of some of the younger branches of the female aristocracy, who as they tripped lightly along the hall, seemed incarnations of loveliness and grace, their beauty needing not the aid of the costly gems that glittered around their persons.
The Attorney General came in his official costume as first Law officer of the Crown, accompanied by his Noble consort, the Lady Stratheden, in her robes as Peeress. One Noble Peer came attended by a little child of such remarkable beauty as attracted universal observation, as Page, carrying his coronet. About half-past nine a cheer was heard outside, which announced the arrival of some distinguished person; and a few minutes after his Grace the Duke of Wellington entered. His appearance was greeted by an enthusiastic shout of applause. The Marquis of Normanhy (late Earl Mulgrave) was received in a similar manner. Shortly after eleven the Special Envoys from Foreign Powers began to arrive. The magnificence of their dresses, and that of their suites, were greatly admired. Marshal Soult was most cordially cheered. Their Royal Highnesses the Duchesses of Cambridge and Kent were enthusiastically received, especially the latter. Their Royal Highnesses the Dukes of Sussex and Cambridge met with as hearty a reception. As the Royal procession slowly wound its way between the lofty aisles, the spectacle presented was one as gorgeous and impressive as anything that could well be imagined. When her most Gracious Majesty came within sight, the vast audience simultaneously rose; and a shout "loud as from numbers without number," rung through the venerable arches of the Abbey, and was re-echoed by the multitudes without, testifying in sincere and heartfelt tones the loyalty and affection with which the youthful and August monarch of these realms was regarded by her thousands of assembled subjects. Her Majesty, as she walked up the Nave displayed perfect self-possession, returning the enthusiastic greetings with which she was received in a manner marked by that union of gentleness and dignity so characteristic of her Majesty. Her Majesty was immediately preceded by Lord Melbourne, and the Duke of Wellington (as Constable of the Tower)- a circumstance which was remarked by the spectators, and elicited no slight applause. On her Majesty's entering the Choir, the cheering was again renewed, and was indeed only put a stop to by the opening of the Coronation Anthem.
The Great Officers of State, the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, the Noblemen appointed to carry the Regalia, all in their robes of estate, and the Bishops who were to support her Majesty, as well as those who were to carry the Bible, the Chalice, and the Patina, assembled in the Jerusalem Chamber, adjoining the Deanery, before Ten o'clock, where the Regalia, having been previously laid on the table, was delivered by the Lord Chamberlain of the Household to the Lord High Constable, and by him to the Lord Willoughby d'Eresby, as Lord Great Chamberlain, and by his Lordship to the Noblemen by whom the same were borne in the following order, viz.:--
First, St. Edward's Staff, to the Duke of Roxburghe.
Second, The Spurs, to the Lord Byron, Deputy to the Baroness Grey de Ruthyn.
Third, The Sceptre with the Cross, to the Duke of Cleveland.
Fourth, The pointed Sword of Temporal Justice, or Third Sword, to the Marquis of Westminster.
Fifth, The pointed Sword of Spiritual Justice, or Second Sword, to the Duke of Sutherland.
Sixth, Curtana, or Sword of Mercy, to the Duke of Devonshire.
Seventh, The Sword of State, to Viscount Melbourne.
Eighth, the Sceptre with the Dove, to the Duke of Richmond.
Ninth, The Orb, to the Duke of Somerset.
Tenth, St. Edward's Crown, to the Duke of Hamilton as Lord High Steward.
Eleventh, The Patina, to the Bishop of Bangor. Twelfth, The Chalice, to the Bishop of Lincoln. Thirteenth, The Bible, to the Bishop of Winchester.
The Dean and Prebendaries of Westminster were in the Nave, in readiness to join the proceeding next before the Officers of her Majesty's Household.
Her Majesty, and the Princes and Princesses of the Blood Royal, attended by the officers of the household, having arrived at the west entrance of the Abbey, her Majesty was received by the great officers of State; the Noblemen bearing the regalia, and the Bishops carrying the patina, the chalice, and the Bible, when her Majesty repaired to her robing chamber, constructed on the right of the platform without the entrance.
The Ladies of her Majesty's household, and the officers of the Royal household, and of the respective households of the Princes and Princesses, to whom duties were not assigned in the solemnity, immediately proceeded to the places prepared for them respectively.
Her Majesty having been robed, advanced up the nave into the choir; the choristers in the orchestra singing the anthem, "I was glad when they said unto me, we will go into the house of the Lord," &c.
At a quarter before 12 o'clock the head of the procession appeared issuing from the Royal entrance, under the organ, and advanced up the aisle in the following order:
The Prebendaries and Dean of Westminster.
Officers of Arms.
Treasurer of her Majesty's
Comptroller of her Majesty's Household
Household. (attended by two gentlemen), bearing the crimson bag with the medals.
Her Majesty's Vice-Chamberlain, acting for the Lord Chamberlain of her Majesty's Household, attended by an Officer of the Jewel Office, bearing on a cushion the Ruby Ring and the Sword for the offering. The Lord Privy Seal; his Coronet carried by a Page The Lord Steward of her Majesty's Household; his Coronet carried by a Page. The Lord President of the. Council; his Coronet carried by a Page.
The Lord Chancellor of Ireland;
attended by his Purse-bearer ; his Coronet carried by a Page.
The Lord Archbishop of Armagh, in his Rochet, with his Cap in his hand.
The Lord Archbishop of York, in his Rochet, with his Cap in his hand.
The Lord High Chancellor; attended by his Purse bearer; his Coronet carried by a Page.
The Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, in his Rochet, with his Cap in his hand, attended by two Gentlemen.
PRINCESSES OF THE BLOOD ROYAL.
Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Cambridge, in a Robe of Estate of Purple Velvet, and wearing a Circlet of gold on her head. Her train borne by Lady Caroline Campbell, assisted by a Gentleman of her Household. The coronet of her Royal Highness borne by Viscount Villiers. Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent, in a Robe of Estate of purple velvet, and wearing a Circlet of Gold on her head. Her Train borne by Lady Flora Hastings, assisted by a Gentleman of her Household. The Coronet of her Royal Highness borne by Viscount Morpeth. Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Gloucester, in a Robe of Estate of purple velvet, and wearing a Circlet of Gold on her head. Her Train borne by Lady Caroline Legge, assisted by a Gentleman of her Household. The Coronet of her Royal Highness borne by Viscount Emlyn.
St. Edward's Staff borne by the Duke of Roxburghe; his Coronet carried by a Page. The Third Sword, borne by the Marquis of Westminster ; his Coronet carried a Page. The Golden Spurs, borne by the Lord Byron; his Coronet carried by a Page. Curtana, borne by the Duke of Devonshire; his coronet carried by a Page. The Sceptre with the Cross, borne by Duke of Cleveland; his Coronet carried by a Page. The Second Sword, borne by the Duke of Sutherland ; his coronet carried by a Page.
The Lord Willoughby d'Eresby, as Lord Great Chamberlain of England; his coronet borne by a Page. PRINCES OF THE BLOOD ROYAL.
His Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge, in his robes of estate, carrying his baton as Field Marshal; his coronet borne by the Marquis of Granby; his train borne by Major-General Sir William Gomm.
His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex, in his Robes of estate; his coronet carried by Viscount Anson; his train borne by the Hon. Edward Gore.
The High Constable of Ireland Duke of Leinster; his Coronet borne by a Page.
The High Constable of Scotland, Earl of Erroll; his Coronet borne by a Page.
The Earl Marshal of England
The Duke of Norfolk with his Staff; attended by two Pages.
The Sword of State, borne by Viscount Melbourne, his Coronet carried by a Page.
The Lord High Constable of England, Duke of Wellington, with his staff & baton as Field-marshal; attended by two Pages.
The Orb, borne by the Duke of Somerset; his Coronet carried by a Page.
The Sceptre with the Dove, borne by the Duke of Richmond; his Coronet carried by a Page.
St. Edward's Crown. borne by the Lord High Steward, Duke of Hamilton; attended by two Pages. The Patina, borne by the Bishop of Bangor.
The Bible, borne by the Bishop of Winchester.
The Chalice, borne by the Bishop of Lincoln.
in her Royal robe of Crimson Velvet,
furred with Ermine and bordered
with Gold Lace ; wearing the Collars
of her Orders ; on her head
Circlet of Gold.
Ten Gentlemen-at-Arms with their Standard Bearer. The Bishop of Bath and Wells.
Ten Gentlemen-at Arms, with heir Lieutenant. The Bishop of Durham.
Her Majesty's Train was borne by
Lady Adelaide Paget.
Lady Caroline Amelia Gordon Lennox.
Lady Frances Elizabeth Cowper.
Lady Mary Alethea Beatrix Talbot.
Lady Anne Wentworth Fitz William
Lady Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina Stanhope.
Lady Mary Augusta Frederica Grimston.
Lady Louisa Harriet Jenkinson.
Assisted by the Lord Chamberlain of the Household (his Coronet borne by a Page), followed by the Groom of the Robes. Her Majesty proceeded at a slow pace up the ailse, and on being recognized by the people, was hailed with a general and hearty burst of acclamation, which was, however, speedily repressed.
The Duchess of Sutherland, Mistress of the Robes. Marchioness of Lansdowne, First Lady of the Bedchamber. Ladies of the Bedchamber, viz. :
Countess of Charlemont. Marchioness of Tavistock.
Lady Lyttleton. Countess of Mulgrave.
Lady Portman. Lady Barham.
Hon. Margaret Dillon. Hon. Harriet Pitt.
Hon. Miss Cavendish. Hon. Caroline Cocks.
Hon. Miss Lister. Hon. Matilda Paget.
Hon. Miss Spring Rice. Hon. Miss Murray. Women of the Bedchamber :
Lady Harriet Clive Lady Caroline Barrington.
Lady Theresa Digby. Lady Charlotte Copley.
Hon. Mrs. Brand. Viscountess Forbes.
Lady Gardiner. Hon. Mrs. Campbell.
The Gold Stick of the Life Guards in Waiting; his Coronet borne by a Page.
The Master of the Horse; of the Life Guards his Coronet borne by a Page.
The Captain-General of the Royal Archer Guard of Scotland; his Coronet borne by a Page.
The Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard; his Coronet borne by a Page.
The Captain of the Band of Gentlemen at Arms; his Coronet home by a Page.
Keeper of her Majesty's Privy Purse.
Ensign of the Yeomen of the Guard
Lieutenant of the Yeomen of the Guard.
Clerk of the Cheque to the Yeomen of the Guard.
Exons of the Yeomen of the Guard.
Exons of the Yeomen of the Guard.
Twenty Yeomen of the Guard.
The Prebendaries, entering the choir, ascended the theatre, and passed over it to their station on the south side of the altar, beyond the Queen's chair.
The Lord Steward of the Household passed to his seat as a Peer; and the Vice-Chamberlain, Treasurer, and Comptroller of her Majesty's Household passed to their seats.
The Lord Archbishops of York and Armagh, and the Lord Chancellor of Ireland then proceeded to their seats.
The Dean of Westminster, the Great Officers of State, viz., the Lord High Chancellor, the Lord President of the Council, the Lord Privy Seal, the Lord Great Chamberlain, the Lord High Constable, the Earl Marshal, with the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, ascended the Theatre, and stood near the great south-east pillar thereof.
The Princesses and the attendants of their Royal Highnesses were conducted by the Officers of Arms to the Royal Box.
The Princes of the Blood Royal were conducted to their seats, as Peers, by the Officers of Arms; and the Noblemen who carried the coronets, and the train bearers of their Royal Highnesses, went to the places provided for them.
The High Constables of Scotland and Ireland were conducted to their places as Peers.
The Pages, upon ascending the Theatre, delivered the Coronets and Staves which they had carried to the respective Noblemen, and went to the seats provided for them.
The Gentlemen-at-Arms who guarded her Majesty remained at the foot of the steps ascending to the Theatre ; the Officers of the Yeomen of the Guard and the Exons stood within and near to the choir door, and the Yeomen of the Guard in the nave on the outside of the entrance to the choir.
The Queen, ascending the theatre, passed on the south side of her Throne to her Chair of State on the south-east side of the theatre, being the Recognition Chair, and after her private devotion (kneeling on the faldstool) took her seat; the Bishops, her supporters, standing on each side; the Noblemen bearing the Four Swords on her Majesty's right hand, the Sword of State being nearest to the Royal Person; the Lord Great Chamberlain and the Lord High Constable on her left; the other Great Officers of State, the Noblemen bearing the Regalia, the Dean of Westminster, Deputy Garter, and Black Rod, standing near the Queen's Chair; the Bishops bearing the Bible, the Chalice, and the Patina, stood near the pulpit, and the Train bearers, the Lord Chamberlain of the Household, and the Groom of the Robes, behind her majesty.
The Mistress of the Robes, the Ladies of the Bedchamber, the Maids of Honour, and the Women of the Bedchamber, passed to the seats provided for them.
The Master of the Horse, the Gold Stick, the Captain General of the Archer Guard of Scotland, the Captain of the Band of Gentlemen-at-Arms, and the Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, passed to their seats as Peers, and the Keeper of her Majesty's Privy Purse to a seat provided for him.
Upon the conclusion of the Anthem, the Archbishop of Canterbury advanced from his station at the south-east pillar, and, together with the Lord Chancellor, the Lord Great Chamberlain, the Lord High Constable, and the Earl Marshal, preceded by Deputy Garter, moved to the east side of the theatre where the Archbishop made the recognition thus: " Sirs, I here present unto you Queen Victoria, the undoubted Queen of this realm ; wherefore, all you who are come this day to do your homage, are you willing to do the same P " and repeated the same at the south, west, and north sides of the theatre; during which time her Majesty remained standing by her chair, and turned towards the people on the side at which the recognition was made, the people replying to each demand with loud and repeated acclamations of " God save Queen Victoria ; " and, at the last recognition, the trumpets sounded and the drums beat. The bearers of the regalia during the recognition remained standing about her Majesty.
Her Majesty then resumed her seat; and the Bible, the Chalice, and the Patina, were carried to and placed upon the altar by the Bishops who had borne them, who then retired to their seats.
The Great Officers having resumed their station near her Majesty, two Officers of the Wardrobe then spread a rich cloth of gold, and laid a cushion on the same for her Majesty to kneel on, at the steps of the altar.
The Archbishop of Canterbury then proceeded to the altar, put on his cope, and stood on the north side. The Bishops who were to read the Litany also vested themselves in their
THE FIRST OFFERING.
The Queen, attended by the two Bishops her supporters, and the Dean of Westminster, the Great Officers, and the Noblemen bearing the regalia and the four swords going before her Majesty, passed to the altar. Her Majesty, kneeling upon the cushion, made her first offering of a pall or altar cloth of gold, which was delivered by an Officer of the Wardrobe to the Lord Chamberlain, by his Lordship to the Lord Great Chamberlain, and by him to the Queen, who delivered it to the Archbishop of Canterbury, by whom it was placed on the altar. The Treasurer of the Household then delivered an ingot of gold, of one pound weight, to the Lord Great Chamberlain, who having presented the same to the Queen, her Majesty delivered it to the Archbishop, and was by him put into the Oblation Basin.
Her Majesty continuing to kneel, the prayer, "O God, who dwellest in the high and holy place," &c., was said by the Archbishop. At the conclusion of the prayer her Majesty rose and went, attended as before, to the Chair of State on the south side of the area.
The regalia, except the swords, were then delivered, by the several Noblemen who bore the same to the Archbishop, and by his Grace to the Dean of Westminster to be laid on the Altar; the Great Officers of State (with the exception of the Lord Great Chamberlain), and the Noblemen who had borne the Regalia deposited on the Altar, going to the respective places appointed for them; the Bishop of Durham standing on the right hand of her Majesty, with the Noblemen carrying the swords on his right hand; the Bishop of Bath and Wells on her Majesty's left hand, and, near him, the Lord Great Chamberlain.
The Noblemen bearing the swords (except the Sword of State) continued to stand on the south side of the area until the Enthronization.
Was then read by the Bishops of Worcester and St. David's kneeling at a faldstool above the steps of the theatre, in the centre of the east side thereof, the choir reading the responses. At the conclusion of the Litany, the Bishops resumed their seats on the bench along the north side of the area.
THE COMMUNION SERVICE,
Previously to which the choir sang the Sanctus " Holy! Holy[ Holy l Lord God of Hosts l " The Archbishop then began the service, the Bishop of Rochester reading the Epistle, and the Bishop of Carlisle the Gospel. The service being concluded, the Bishops returned to their seats.
Was then preached by the Bishop of London. During the sermon her Majesty continued to sit in her chair on the south side of the area, opposite the pulpit, supported on her right hand by the Bishop of Durham, and beyond him, on the same side, stood the Noblemen, carrying the swords; on her left the Bishop of Bath and Wells, and near him the Lord Great Chamberlain. The Archbishop of Canterbury took his seat in a purple velvet chair, on the north side of the area, Deputy Garter standing near him. The Dean of Westminster standing on the south side of the area, east of the Queen's chair, and near the altar.
The text from which the Right Rev. Prelate preached, was the 34th Chapter 2d Book of the Chronicles, v. 31.
The sermon being concluded (and her Majesty having, on Monday, the 20th day of November, 1837, in the presence of the two Houses of Parliament, made and signed the declaration), the Archbishop of Canterbury, advanced towards the Queen and standing before her, ministered the questions prescribed by the service; which having been answered by her Majesty, she arose from her chair, and, attended by her supporters and the Lord Great Chamberlain-the Sword of State alone being borne before her Majesty-went to the altar, where kneeling upon the cushion placed on the steps, and laying her right hand on the Holy Gospels, tendered to her Majesty by the Archbishop, she took the Coronation Oath, kissed the book, and to a transcript of the oath set her Royal sign manual, the Lord Chamberlain of the Household holding a silver standish for that purpose, delivered to him by an officer of the jewel Office.
The Queen then returned to her chair, where her Majesty had sat during the sermon, on the south side of the area, the following hymn being sung by the Choir, the Archbishop reading the first line, " Come, Holy Ghost, our souls inspire," &c.
Upon the conclusion of the hymn the Archbishop read the prayer preparatory to the anointing, " O Lord, Holy Father, who by anointing with oil, didst of old make and consecrate Kings, Priests, and Prophets," &c. At the conclusion of this prayer the choir sang the anthem, " Zadok the Priest and Nathan the Prophet," &c. At the commencement of the anthem the Queen arose from her chair, went before the altar, and attended by her supporters and the Lord Great Chamberlain, the Sword of State being borne before her, was disrobed of her crimson robe by the Mistress of the Robes, assisted by the Lord Great Chamberlain, which were immediately carried into St. Edward's Chapel by the Groom of the Robes.
The Queen then proceeded to and sat down in St. Edward's chair, covered with cloth of gold, and with a faldstool before it, placed in front of the altar, when her Majesty was anointed; four Knights of the Garter, viz., the Duke of Rutland, the Marquis of Anglesey, the Marquis of Exeter, and the Duke of Buccleuch (summoned by Deputy Garter), holding over the Queen's head a rich pall or cloth of gold, delivered to them by the Lord Chamberlain, who received the same from an Officer of the Wardrobe; and the anthem being concluded, the Dean of Westminster took from the ampulla containing the consecrated oil, and, pouring some into the anointing spoon, the Archbishop anointed her Majesty on the head and hands, in the form of a cross, pronouncing the words--" Be thou anointed," &c.
The Queen then kneeling at her faldstool, the Archbishop, standing on the north side of the altar, pronounced the prayer after the anointing; when her Majesty, arising, resumed her seat in St. Edward's chair; the Knights of the Garter returned the pall to the Lord Chamberlain (which was by him re-delivered to the Officer of the Wardrobe) and returned to
After this the Dean took the spurs from, the altar, and delivered them to the Lord Great Chamberlain, who, kneeling down, presented them to her Majesty, who returned them, to be laid upon the altar.
The Viscount Melbourne, carrying the sword of State, now delivered it to the Lord Chamberlain, and, in lieu thereof, received from him another sword in a scabbard of purple velvet (presented to him by an officer of the jewel Office, who took charge of the sword of State), which his Lordship delivered to the Archbishop, who laid it on the altar, and said the prayer, "Hear our prayers, O Lord, we beseech thee, and so direct and support thy servant, Queen Victoria," &c.
The Archbishop then took the sword from off the altar, and assisted by the Archbishops of York and Armagh,, with the Bishops of London, Winchester, and other Bishops, delivered the sword into the Queen's right hand, saying, " Receive this kingly sword," &c.
OFFERING OF THE SWORD.
The Queen, rising up, went to the altar, where her Majesty offered the sword in the scabbard (delivering it to the Archbishop, who placed it on the altar), and then returned to and sat down in St. Edward's Chair; the sword was then redeemed for one hundred shillings by Viscount Melbourne, who received it from the Dean, and carried it during the remainder of the solemnity, having first drawn it out of the scabbard, and delivered the latter to an officer of the wardrobe. The Archbishops and Bishops who had assisted during the offering returned to their places.
THE INVESTING WITH THE MANTLE.
The Queen then standing, her Majesty was invested by the Dean with the Imperial mantle, or dalmatic robe of cloth of gold, delivered to him by the officer of the wardrobe, the Lord Great Chamberlain fastening the clasps.
The Queen then sitting down, the Archbishop having received the orb from the Dean, delivered it into the Queen's right hand, saying, " Receive this Imperial robe and orb," &c. Her Majesty then returned the orb to the Dean, who laid it
on the altar.
The Lord Chamberlain of her Majesty's household then receiving from the officer of the Jewel Office the ruby ring, delivered the same to the Archbishop, who put it on the fourth finger of the Queen's right hand, saying, "Receive
this ring," &c.
The Dean then brought from the altar the sceptre with the cross and the sceptre with the dove, and delivered them to the Archbishop.
In the meantime the Duke of Norfolk, as Lord of the Manor of Worksop, left his seat, and, approaching the Queen, and, kneeling, presented to her Majesty a glove for her right hand, embroidered with the arms of Howard, which her Majesty put on.
The Archbishop then delivered the Sceptre with the Cross into her Majesty's right hand, saying "Receive the Royal Sceptre;' &c.; and then the Sceptre with the Dove into her left hand, saying "Receive the Rod of Equity," &c. ; and the Lord of the Manor of Worksop supported her Majesty's right arm, and held the Sceptre.
The Archbishop standing before the altar, and having St. Edward's Crown before him, took the same into his hands, and consecrated and blessed it with the prayer " O God, who crownest thy faithful servants with mercy, &c." Then the Archbishop came from the altar, assisted by the Archbishops of York and Armagh, with the Bishops of London, Winchester, and other Bishops, the Dean' of Westminster carrying the Crown; and the Archbishop took and placed it on her Majesty's head; when the people, with loud and repeated shouts, cried "God save the Queen;" and immediately the Peers and Peeresses present put on their Coronets; the Bishops their caps; and the Kings of Arms their crowns: the trumpets sounding, the drums beating, and the Tower and Park guns firing by signal.
Never did we hear louder or more hearty plaudits, that almost rent the walls of the old Abbey, setting at nought all etiquette and ceremony, than those which burst from the lips and hearts of her attached and loyal people, when the Crown was placed on the head of their young and lovely Sovereign.
The acclamations having ceased, the Archbishop pronounced the exhortation, " Be strong, and of a good courage," &c. The choir then sang the following anthem, " The Queen shall rejoice," &c.
THE HOLY BIBLE.
The Dean then taking the Holy Bible from the Altar delivered it to the Archbishop, who, attended and assisted by the same Archbishops and Bishops as before, presented it to the Queen, saying " Our Gracious Queen," &c. The Queen then returned the Bible to the Archbishop, who gave it to the Dean, and by him replaced on the Altar, the Archbishops and Bishops returning to their seats.
THE BENEDICTION AND TE DEUM.
The Archbishop then pronounced the benediction, the Bishops and the Peers following every part of the benediction with a loud Amen. The Archbishop then, turning to the people, said. "And the same Lord God Almighty grant," &c. The "Te Deum" was sung by the choir, at the commencement of which the Queen removed to the recognition chair on which her Majesty first sat, on the south-east side of the Throne, the two Bishops her supporters, the great Officers of State, the Noblemen carrying the swords, and the Noblemen who had borne the Regalia, coming from their respective places, and attending her Majesty.
Te Deum being ended, the Queen ascended the theatre, and was lifted into her Throne by the Archbishop, Bishops, and Peers around her Majesty, and, being so inthroned, all the great Officers of State, the Noblemen bearing the swords, and the Noblemen who had borne the other Regalia, stood around about the steps of the Throne, when the Archbishop, standing before the Queen, pronounced the exhortation, " Stand firm and hold fast," &c.
The Exhortation being ended, her Majesty delivered the sceptre with the cross to the Lord of the Manor of Worksop, to hold the same on her right hand, and the sceptre with the dove to the Duke of Richmond, to hold the same on her left hand during the homage.
The Archbishop then knelt before the Queen, and, for himself and the other Lords Spiritual, pronounced the words of Homage, they kneeling around him, and saying after him. The Archbishop then kissed her Majesty's hand, and the rest of the Lords Spiritual did the same, and retired.
Then the Dukes of Sussex and Cambridge, ascending the steps of the Throne, and taking off their coronets, knelt before the Queen; and the Duke of Sussex pronounced the words of homage, the Duke of Cambridge saying after him. Their Royal Highnesses then severally touched the Crown upon her Majesty's head, and kissed her Majesty's left cheek, and then retired. The Dukes and other Peers thereupon performed their homage, the senior of each degree pronouncing the words of homage, and the rest of the same degree saying after him, and each Peer of the same degree, successively, touching her Majesty's hand, and then retiring. The Peers bearing the swords, when going to perform their homage, delivered them to noblemen near them to hold during that ceremony. At the conclusion of the homage, the Queen received the two sceptres from the Dukes of Norfolk and Richmond.
During the performance of the homage the choir sang the anthem, "This is the day which the Lord hath made," &c. land the Treasurer of her Majesty's Household threw about the medals of the Coronation.
THE HOLY SACRAMENT.
After the anthem the Bishops of Carlisle and Rochester, who had read the Epistle and Gospel, received from the altar, by the hands of the Archbishop, the patina and the chalice, which they carried into St. Edward's Chapel, and brought from thence the bread upon the patina, and the wine in the chalice. Her Majesty then delivered the sceptres to the Dukes of Norfolk and Richmond, and descended from her Throne, attended by her supporters, and assisted by the Lord Great Chamberlain, the Sword of State being borne before her, and went to the altar, and, taking off her Crown, delivered it to the Lord Great Chamberlain to hold ; and then knelt down. Then the Bishops delivered the patina and chalice into the Queen's hands; and her Majesty delivered them to the Archbishop, who, having said the prayer, " Bless, O Lord," &c., reverently placed the same upon the altar, covering them with a fair linen cloth. The Queen, still kneeling,
(a purse of gold,) which the Treasurer of the Household delivered to the Lord Great Chamberlain, and he to her Majesty, from whom the Archbishop received it. The Archbishop then said the prayer " O God, who dwellest," &c. Her Majesty then went to her Chair on the south aide of the area and knelt at her faldstool.
When the Archbishop and the Dean, with the Bishops' assistants, namely, the Preacher, and those who had read the Litany, and the epistle and the Gospel, had communicated, her Majesty approached the altar and received the Sacrament, the Archbishop administering the bread, and the Dean of Westminster the cup.
The Queen then received the Crown from the Lord Great Chamberlain, and put it on, and repaired to her throne receiving again the sceptre with the cross in her right hand, and the sceptre with the dove in her left, being there supported and attended as during the enthronization.
The Archbishop then proceeded with the Communion Service, at the end of which the choir sang the anthem " Hallelujah, for the Lord God Omnipotent reigneth," &c., and the same being concluded, the Archbishop read the final prayers and pronounced the blessing.
The service being concluded, her Majesty, attended by the two Bishops her supporters, the Great Officers of State, the noblemen bearing the four swords before her, and the noblemen who had carried the regalia then lying upon the altar, descended into the arena, and passed through the door on the south side into St. Edward's Chapel; the noblemen, who had carried the regalia, receiving them from the Dean of Westminster as they passed by into the Chapel; the organ and other instruments all the while playing.
Her Majesty being in the Chapel, and standing before the altar, delivered the sceptre with the dove, which her Majesty had borne in her left hand, to the Archbishop, who laid it upon the altar there.
Her Majesty was then disrobed of her Royal Imperial mantle or robe of State, and arrayed in her Royal robe of purple velvet, by the Lord Great Chamberlain.
The Archbishop then placed the Orb in her Majesty's left hand.
The Noblemen, who had carried the gold spurs, and St. Edward's staff, delivered the same to the Dean, and by him deposited on the altar in the chapel.
Whilst her Majesty was in St. Edward's Chapel the Officers of Arms arranged the procession for the return, so that all were ready to move at the moment when the Queen left the chapel.
Her Majesty then proceeded out of the Choir, and to the west door of the Abbey, the Queen wearing her Crown, and bearing, in her right hand, the sceptre with the cross, and in her left the orb ; their Royal Highnesses the Princes and Princesses wearing their coronets. The four swords were borne before the Queen in the same order as before. The Dean and Prebendaries, and the Bishops, who had carried the Bible, the Chalice and the Patina, remained in the choir. The Noblemen who had severally carried the crown, the orb, the sceptre with the dove, the spurs, and St. Edward's staff, walked in the same places as before; those who had staves and batons carrying the same; all Peen wearing their coronets; and the Archbishops and the Bishops supporting her Majesty wearing their caps; and the Kings of Arms their crowns.
The swords and the regalia were received near the west door by the officers of the Jewel Office appointed for that purpose.
Her Majesty and the Princes and Princesses of the Blood Royal then returned to the Royal Palace with the same state as in their proceeding to the Abbey.
For the information of the uninitiated among our readers--the interior of the "auncient Abbaye" of Westminster being to many, even o£ the good citizens of London, "a sealed book"--it may be necessary to state that the vast pile is in the form of a cross, the aisles from the Royal entrance running west and east, and the transepts north and south, the centre of the building being the theatre where the chief portion of the August and impressive ceremonies took place; and where the young and lovely Queen of these realms formed to-day the great point of attraction, "the cynosure of every eye," of the countless thousands of the elite of the aristocracy and gentry, of this and every other civilized nation on the face of the globe, assembled within the venerable pile.
From the western entrance, where her Majesty passed under the organ gallery to the theatre, a raised platform twenty-four feet wide was erected, with a smaller platform on either side for the accommodation of those personages who took a part in the im sing ceremony. In the centre of the Abbey, and immediate under the lantern, was a square platform, ascended by four steps, covered with claret-coloured drapery, richly embroidered in gold. Here was placed the throne or chair of state, facing the altar, in which her Majesty received the homage of her people. Its sides were hang with gold lace of great richness and elegance, the seat and back being covered with crimson velvet, on which the Royal arms were splendidly emblazoned, and the pillars, flutings, &c., being of burnished gold. There was also a foot-stool corresponding in every particular with the throne itself. At each corner of the theatre were semicircular rails, within which the heralds and yeomen of the guard, bearing their partizans, remained during the ceremony.
At the eastern or opposite extremity of the building was the altar, surmounted by a lofty canopy, supporting various emblematical figures in gold. The drapery behind it consisted of silk damask, extending along the whole of the front gallery, and draped up with elegant festoons of gold cord and tassels. On the right of the altar was the offering table, covered with garter blue Genoa velvet, bordered with lace and fringed with gold. In front of this table, and close to the theatre, was the pulpit, elevated on a splendidly gilt and decorated pedestalthe pulpit and cushion being covered with crimson velvet, richly fringed with gold lace. The south side of the sacrarium was occupied by the Royal box. The drapery here was of the most costly description, being trimmed with loops of gold rope, bordered and fringed with gold lace, the interior lined with white satin, elegantly fluted, and the chairs, which were of an extremely beautiful and unique pattern, being also elegantly gilt and ornamented.
Her Majesty's Litany chair and faldstool were placed at the foot of the stage supporting the throne; the drapery was of the same costly material and of corresponding magnificence with the other arrangements for this August and important occasion.
In the eastern aisle, immediately above the altar, which on former occasions was occupied by the choir, was the gallery for the accommodation of the Members of the House of Commons. The seats, &c., were covered with scarlet cloth and I gold ornaments. Above this was another gallery, rising nearly to the roof of the building, the seats of which were also covered with crimson cloth. The fronts of the various galleries were decorated with hangings of the same material, trimmed with a deep gold fringe, and having the Royal arms embroidered in gold in the centre. At intervals of about ten feet, extending along the entire ranges of the galleries were triangular pillars, elegantly fluted and finished with gold mouldings.
The north and south transepts were occupied for about half their depth with galleries for the accommodation of the Peeresses and Peers; these, with the smaller galleries above them and the vaultings, were finished in the same chaste and elegant manner. All the galleries, ascending amphitheatricaliy to the roof, afforded a commodious view of the proceedings to the immense assemblage of spectators.
The nave behind the organ, with its galleries right and left, the Gothic screen in front, and the Gothic tracery over the Royal entrance, had a most imposing effect. The gilded shafts and pinnacles of the organ were in perfect keeping with the antique Gothic architecture by which it was surrounded. Beneath the organ was the gallery for the vocal and instrumental performers, affording accommodation for upwards of four hundred persons.
The most exquisite taste was displayed in all the arrangements which we have thus briefly, and, we fear, imperfectly described. The admiration of all parties was elicited not so much by the splendour of the decorations, as by the perfect consistency and keeping of all the parts, applied as they were to the interior of so ancient a fabric as the Abbey, and harmonizing so completely with the massive grandeur of the time stained walls, which were judiciously left in all their original architectural beauty and simplicity. From the great western entrance through the nave, along the aisles into the interior of the theatre, including the choir, north and south transepts, altar, galleries above and on all sides, there was a perfect uniformity of style ; all that was requisite was included; and although gorgeous and magnificent almost beyond description, there was nothing to offend the eye of the most fastidious, or in any way to lessen the general effect of the entire.
The most attractive and interesting portion of the Abbey, was the north transept, in which were assembled several hundreds of England's noblest and most lovely dames in their robes of estate. This point, more especially when the sun flung its rays across it, was a perfect blaze of diamonds and other costly gems.
The doors of the several entrances to the Abbey were opened precisely at five o'clock, and notwithstanding the immense numbers who even at that early hour had assembled, such were the excellent arrangements made, that no crowding or inconvenience took place, all parties being directed by the police and other attendants stationed along the passages to the galleries and sittings indicated on their tickets.
In about half an hour, the upper and lower Choir Galleries in the West Aisle, and the vaultings over the aisles and transepts were completely filled, principally by Ladies in full dress.
The judges, Vice-Chancellor, and Master of the Rolls, in their state robes, took their seats as the end of the choir nearest the Theatre.
At a few minutes past six o'clock, the attendants proceeded from the Western entrance with the plate for the altar, the arrangements for which had not been completed up to that hour.
From seven o'clock a continued stream of Peers, Peeresses, and other distinguished personages, entitled to pass through the Western entrance and up the Aisle, were pouring into the Abbey, and were conducted by the Heralds and Exons to the places assigned them, the Peeresses taking their seats according to their rank in the North transept, and the Peers in the same order in the South transept.
The Sheriffs, Aldermen, and the Members of the Corporation sat below the judges in the Choir, and close to the Western entrance.
The Members of the House of Commons, who were all in Court dress or uniform, arrived about half-past nine, and in a very short time the lower and upper galleries were filled. Among the distinguished individuals who attracted most observation in their passage up the aisle were his Royal Highness the Duke de Nemours and .cute, Prince George of Cambridge, Earl Grey, Lord Lyndhurst, the Duke and Duchess of Buccleuch, the Marchioness of Londonderry, &c.
At ten o'clock the firing of the guns announced the departure of her Majesty from the Palace, and the scene in the Abbey then became much more interesting and animated. The sun, which had been obscured during the morning, at this period poured a flood of brilliant light through the lofty gothic windows u On the gorgeous assemblage beneath. It is imponible to scribe the brilliant and picturesque effect of the various costumes--uniforms, robes, and draperies of every, fantastic form and hue glittering with brilliants, pearls, and gold and silver lace, which met the eye in every direction. From the theatre of the vast building to the vaultings, every point was crowded to excess, and all eyes were strained to catch the first sight Of their young and lovely Sovereign.
Among the latest arrivals were the Foreign Ambassadors, with their suites, forming many gorgeous and varied groups Of uniforms and decorations. They Occupied the Eastern Gallery, opposite the Royal Box.
THE RETURN FROM THE ABBEY.
The procession commenced to leave the Abbey at twenty minutes to four o'clock, but her Majesty did not get into her carriage till twenty minutes to five, when she was received in the same enthusiastic manner as when she arrived along the whole line. Her Royal Mother and her Royal Uncle of Sussex also received the same meed of the public approbation.
We cannot close our account Of this Ceremony without tendering Our best thanks to the COMMISSIONERS Of METROPOLITAN POLICE, and to the men, who Obeyed their Orders with the utmost alacrity and attention.
One of our Correspondents, who was present in the Choir of Westminster Abbey throughout the whole of the August ceremonial, and whose detailed report of the proceedings we shall lay before the public in our next, represents the scene as the most magnificently grand ever witnessed. The music, with but a trifling exception or two, he states to have gone off in the most complete and satisfactory manner The effect of the various chorusses was majestic in the extreme.
[Abridged from a little work entitled " Chapters on Coronations."]
IN the age of the Plantagenets and Tudors, and under the Stuarts, until the coronation of James II., it was customary for the kings to reside in the Tower of London for some time previous to the coronation. On the Saturday before the coronation the sovereign went from Westminster to the Tower of London, attended by great numbers of the nobility and civic dignitaries, and by those squires that were to be knighted, and who watched their arms that night. Each squire had a chamber allotted him, and a bath in which he bathed. The ensuing day after mass the sovereign created them knights. After their investiture they were permitted to sit down in the king's presence, but during the whole time of dinner they were not allowed to partake of any part of the entertainment. The queens in their own right, Mary and Elizabeth, though they girded the swords on the knights with their own hands, did not give the accolade or blow, which is the determinate action that impresses the character of knighthood. At both coronations, Henry earl of Arundel performed this office. A copy of his appointment is to be found in Rymer.
WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR.
After William had taken the coronation oath, to protect the church, prohibit oppression, and execute judgment in mercy, Aldred put the question, " ill ye have this prince - to Be your king? The people e answered with loud shouts, and the noise gave so much alarm to the Norman garrison in the city, that the soldiers, believing the English to have revolted, without waiting to make any investigation, immediately set the next houses on fire, which spreading and giving a general alarm, most of the congregation rushed out of the church, the English hastening to stop the fire, and the Normans to plunder. The bishops, clergy, and monks, who remained within the church, were in such confusion, that they were scarce 'able to go through the office of crowning the king; William himself, who saw the tumult, and could not conjecture its cause Sate ate trembling at the foot of the altar, and, though no great mischief was done by the fire, it laid the foundation of a long and inveterate enmity between the English and the Normans.
WILLIAM II., RUFUS.
William II. laid claim to the crown by virtue of a form of election ; the nobles believing that he would be, less inclined to control their usurped privileges than his elder brother, Robert. He was crowned at Westminster, September 27, 1087, by Lanfranc archbishop of Canterbury, and the archbishop of York. Besides swearing to observe justice, equity, and mercy in all his conduct, and to maintain the peace, liberties, and privileges of the church, he promised that he would follow the archbishop's counsels in his administrations.
The coronation of Henry I. was performed in a hurried manner, on the fourth day after the death of Rufus. In every respect the forms of his coronation were the same as those .of the Saxon kings.
The coronation of Stephen, after he had sworn allegiance to the empress Matilda, was viewed with great anxiety in an age when it was suppose that the punishment of perjury was immediate and visible. The ceremony was performed by William archbishop of Canterbury; and it is said that a dreadful storm arose, which threw all the parties into such confusion, that the consecrated wafer fell on the ground, the kiss of peace after the sacrament was omitted, and even the final benediction forgotten.
Henry was crowned at Westminster on the Sunday before Christmas-day, A.D. 1154, by Theobald archbishop of Canterbury: although his hereditary right was unquestionable, he was formally elected by the clergy and people. It is said that Henry was crowned again with his queen, A.D. 1159 ; but this report arose from his having worn the 'crown during the ceremony.
Duke Richard, having made all necessary preparations for his coronation, came to London, where he assembled the archbishops of Canterbury, Rouen, and Tours, who had given him absolution in Normandy for waging war against his father after he had taken the cross as a crusader. First, the archbishops, bishops, abbots, and clergy, wearing their square caps, and preceded by the cross and holy water bearers and deacons burning incense, went to the door of the royal bedchamber, and led the duke in solemn procession to the great altar in the church of Westminster. When they reached the altar, Richard swore, in the presence. of the clergy and people on the holy Gospel and the sacred relics, that he -would observe peace; ' honour, and respect, all the days of his life, to God, holy church, and its ordinances. His attendants then stripped him to his trousers and shirt, the latter of which was left open between the shoulders on account of the anointing rich buskins of cloth of gold, then anointed the king in three places, on the head, between the shoulders, and on the right arm. A consecrated linen coif and a cap of estate were then placed upon his head, and he was vested with the royal robes, the dalmatic, and the tunic ; the archbishop then delivered him a sword, to restrain the enemies of the church. Two earls then buckled on his spurs, and in vested him with the pall of state. After which Baldwin conjured him in the name of God, and forbade him to take the crown, unless he were firmly resolved in his heart and soul to observe all the promises to which he bad sworn.
The festivities were sullied by a sanguinary and disgraceful riot. Numbers of Jews had flocked to England in the reign of Henry II., where they were honourably protected by that liberal and enlightened sovereign. Grateful for such unusual favours, they assembled at London to subscribe among themselves, in order to make Richard a splendid present on the day of his coronation. Unfortunately Richard was persuaded by some of the bigots who surrounded him that the Jews were accustomed to practise magic on sovereigns during the time of the coronation, and he therefore issued an edict, prohibiting any Jew from entering the church while the ceremony was performed, or appearing at the palace during dinner. Curiosity overcame prudence; several of the most considerable Jews mingled with the crowd, and gathered round the gates of the palace. One of them, endeavouring to force an entrance, was struck in the face by an over-zealous Christian; this signal roused the fanaticism of the multitude: a general assault was made upon the Jews, who fled in confusion towards the city. Some wretches, eager for plunder, raised a cry that the king had given orders for the extermination of the unbelieving Jews; and, as this was by no means improbable, when the king was a crusader, it received implicit credit. The city mob, swelled by the multitudes who had come from the country, attacked the houses of the Jews, which the inhabitants defended with great courage and obstinacy. The enraged populace, when night came on, finding that they could not break into the houses, hurled brands and torches on the roofs and through the windows. Conflagrations burst forth in various parts of the city, which consumed not only the houses of the Jews, but those of the Christians adjoining. Richard caused several of the ringleaders and most notorious malefactors to be apprehended the next day; they were hanged as a terror to others, a proclamation was issued taking the Jews under the royal protection, and the tranquillity of the city was restored.
John ascended the throne, to the prejudice of the hereditary rights of his nephew Arthur, by virtue of a form of election. The archbishops, bishops, earls, barons, and other the estates of the realm, being assembled in the church of Westminster, May 27th, 1199, Hubert archbishop of Canterbury addressed them in these memorable words:
"Hear all men! It is well known to your wisdom, that no man hath any right of succession to this crown, unless he be elected for his own merits by the unanimous consent of the kingdom, with invocation of the Holy Ghost, after the manner and similitude of Saul, whom God set over his chosen people, though be was neither the son of a king, nor sprung of a royal line; and in like manner after him, David, the son of Jesse ; the former because he was brave, and suited to the royal dignity, the latter because he was humble and pious: So that he who surpasses all within the realm in fitness for royalty should preside over all in dignity and power. But if any one of the family of the deceased sovereign should excel others, his election should be the more readily and cheerfully conceded. Wherefore, as our late sovereign Richard died without issue of his body, and as his brother, earl John, now present, is wise, brave, and manifestly noble, we, having respect both to his merits and his royal blood, unanimously and with one accord elect him to be our sovereign."
This was the most decisive form of election since the Conquest.
After the death of John, London being in possession of the French prince Louis, an assembly of the principal authorities was convened at Winchester, under the presidency of Gualo, the papal legate. They unanimously resolved that the young king should be crowned on the 28th of October, A.D. 1216. The ceremony was performed in the cathedral of Winchester. The papal legate compelled Henry to do homage to the holy Roman church and Pope Innocent for his kingdom of England and Ireland;--he also made him swear that he would pay an annual tribute of one thousand marks to the papal see. The ceremony of coronation was repeated by Stephen Langtop archbishop of Canterbury.
Early in the year 1236 Henry married lady Eleanor, daughter to the earl of Provence, whose beauty is celebrated by all the chroniclers.
The ceremony of her coronation was performed with extraordinary pomp on the 22nd of January. Holinshed's account of it will no doubt gratify our readers:
"At the solemnitie of this feast and coronation of the queen, all the high peeres of the realm both spiritual and temporall were present, there to exercise their offices as to them apperteined. The citizens of London were there in great arraie, bearing afore hir in solemn wise three hundred and three score cups of gold and silver, in token that they ought to wait upon hir cup. Archbishop of Canterburie (according to his dutie) crowned hir, the bishop of London assisting him as his deacon. The citizens of London served out wine to everie one in great plentie. The feast was plentiful], so that nothing wanted that could be wished. Moreover in. Tothill-fields roiall justes were holden by the space of eight daies together."
On the 15th of August, 1274,. Edward I. and his queen Eleanor were crowned at Westminster by the Archbishop of Canterbury, aided by other prelates.
Holinshed adds some remarkable particulars of this coronation:
"At this coronation were present, Alexander king of Scots, and John earle of Bretaine, with their wives that were sisters to King Edward. The king of Scots did homage unto King Edward for the realme of Scotland, in like manner as other the kings of Scotland before him had doone to other kings of England, ancestoures to this King Edward. At the solemnitie of this coronation there were let go at libertie (catch them that catch might) five hundred great horses by the king of Scots, the earles of Cornewall, Glocester, Pembroke, Warren, and others, as they were allighted fro their backs."
Edward II. and his queen were crowned at Westminster on the 24th February. Holinshed informs us, "There was such presse and throng at this coronation, that a knight, called Sir John Bakewell, was thrust or crowded to death." The bishops also were incommoded, and forced to hurry through the service in a slovenly manner; and yet it was not concluded before three in the afternoon.
On the deposition of Edward II., his son, prince Edward, was brought to a general assembly of the nobles and clergy in the abbey church of Westminster, on the 20th of January, 1327, and Walter Raynold exhorted all present to choose the young prince for their sovereign. All assented; but the prince himself declared that he would not accept the crown until it had been voluntarily resigned by his father.
A remarkable coronation medal was struck on this occasion: on one side the young prince was represented crowned, laying his sceptre on a heap of hearts, with the motto " Populo dat jury volenti " (He gives laws to a willing people) ;' and on the other was a hand held out to save a falling crown, with the motto, " Non rapit, sed recipit ." (He seizes not, but receives.).:
The coronation of this king was more magnificent than any of the preceding. The procession of the king from the Tower to Westminster, on the day preceding the coronation, is thus described by Holinshed: "The citie was adorned in all sorts most richlie. The water-conduits ran with wine for the space of three hours together. In the upper end of Cheape was a certain castell, made with foure towers; out of the which castell, on two sides of it, ran forth wine abundantly. In the towers were placed foure beautifull virgins, of stature and age like to the king, apparelled in white vestures, in every tower one, the which blew in the king's face, at his approaching neere to them, leaves of gold; and as he approched also, they threw on him and his horses counterfeit florens of gold. When he was come before the castell they tooke cups of gold, and, filling them with wine at the spouts of the castell, presented the same to the king and to his nobles. On the top of the castell, betwixt the foure towers, stood a golden angell, holding a crowne in his hands, which was so contrived, that when the king came he' bowed downe, and offered to him the crowne. In the midst of the king's pallace was a marble pillar, raised hollow upon steps, on the top whereof was a great gilt eagle placed, under whose feet in the chapiter of the pillar divers kinds of wine came gushing forth at foure several places all the daie long, neither was anie forbidden to receive the same, were he never so poor or abiest."
Henry IV. was crowned by archbishop Fitz-alan on the 13th of October, 1399, and on this occasion the ampulla was first employed. After Henry had gone to the Tower he create forty-six knights of the Bath, among whom were three of his own sons. The procession from the' Tower to Westminster was unusually splendid, no less than six thousand horses having been employed on the occasion.
Froissart gives the following account of Henry IV.'s procession. " The duke of Lancaster left the Tower this Sunday after dinner, on his return to Westminster; he was bare headed, and had round his neck the order of the king of France. The prince of Wales, six dukes, six earls, eighteen barons, accompanied him, and there were of knights and other nobility from eight to nine hundred horse in the procession. He passed through the streets of London, which were all handsomely decorated with tapestries and other rich hangings: there were nine fountains in Cheapside and other streets he passed through, that ran perpetually with white and red wines. The whole cavalcade amounted to six thousand horse, that escorted the duke from the Tower .to Westminster."
Henry V. was crowned on the 9th of April, 1413. Katherine of France, the queen of Henry V., was crowned on the 24th of February, 1420; the account which Holinshed gives of the magnificence displayed upon this, occasion is far too characteristic of the age to be omitted. " After the great solemnization of the foresaid coronation in the church of St. Peter's, at Westminster, was ended, the queene was convened into the great Hall of West minster, and there set to dinner. Upon whose right hand sat, at the end of the table, the archbishop of Canterbury, and Henrie surnamed the Rich, cardinall of Winchester. Upon the left hand of the queene sat the king of Scots in his estate, who was served with covered messe, as were the foresaid bishops, but yet after them. Upon the left. hand, next to the cupboord, sat the manor and his brethren, the aldermen of London. The bishops began the table, against the barons of the Cinque Ports; and the ladies against the maior. These, with others, ordered the service ; and, for the first course, brawne in mustard, eeles in burneur, pike in herbage, fuiment with balien, lamprie powdered, trout, codling, plaice fried, martine fried, crabs, leech lum bard flourished tartes, and a devise called a pellican, sitting on hir nest with hir birds, and an image of St. Katharine holding a booke, and disputing with doctors.
"The second course was, gellie coloured with columbine flowers, white potage or creame of almonds, breame of the sea, conger, cheuen, barbill and roch, fresh salmon, halibut, gurnard, rochet broiled, smelts fried, crevis or lobster, leech-damaske, with the king's poesie flourished thereon.
"The third course was, dates in compost, creame motle, carpe deore, turbut, tench, pearch with goion, fresh sturgion with welks, porperous rosted, crevesse de eau doure, pranis, eeles rosted with lamprie, a leech, called the white leech, flourished with hawthorn leaves and red hawes; a marchpane garnished with diverse figures of angels."
Henry VI. was crowned at Westminster, Nov. 6th, 1429, being then only in the ninth year of his age. The coronation feast was celebrated at Westminster with great splendour. In the first course, Fabian tells us, there were, among other royal viands, "Bore hedes in castellys of gold and enarmed," "Custard royall, with a lyopard of golde syttyng therein, and holding a floure de lyce." The pageant for this course was, "A sotyltie of Seynt Edward and Seynt Lowys armed, and upon eyther his cote armoure, holdyng atwene them a figure lyke unto Kynge Henry, standynge also in his cote, armoure, and a scripture passynge from them both, sayinge,--`Beholde II perfyght kynges under one cote armoure.' "
The monarch had his title confirmed by the forms of a popular election. Immediately after his victory over Henry VI. he came to London, and returned thanks to God at St. Paul's church. He was then conducted in solemn procession to Westminster, and placed on the King's Bench, in the Hall, which was filled with people. It was then demanded of the commons whether they would accept this prince to be their sovereign; to which all assented. He was crowned by archbishop Bouchier, June 29th, 1461.
Preparations were made for the coronation of Edward V., but the barons and commons refused to accept any of the late king's sons as their sovereign, and tendered the crown to Richard duke of Gloucester.
Richard III. and his queen, Anne, daughter to the earl of Warwick, were crowned on the 5th of July, 1483, "with the selfe same provision," says Grafton, "that was appointed for the coronation of his nephew." The king and queen received the sacrament from the hands of the cardinal archbishop of Canterbury, and one host, or consecrated wafer, was divided between them.
Henry. VII. was crowned October 30th, 1485, and his queen, Elizabeth, October 30th, 1487. The latter was remarkable for the procession by water from the palace of Greenwich to the Tower, instead of from Westminster, as was usual. The queen was escorted by the lord mayor, sheriffs, and the heads of the different companies in their state barges, richly ornamented with silken pennons and streamers, and also with the banners of the different trades, on which their arms were embroidered in gold. One of these barges, called the bachelors' barge, contained an extraordinary pageant, an enormous red dragon which spouted streams of fire into the Thames. When the queen rode through the city on the following day, choirs of children dressed as angels were stationed in different places, who sang hymns and songs as she passed by.
Henry VIII. was extremely fond of pageantry, and he was particularly anxious about the ceremonials of his coronation. The Londoners seconded his desires, and when, after having created twenty-four knights of the Bath, he rode through London from the Tower, June, 22, 1509, the streets were hung with tapestry and cloth of arias, and a great part of the south side of Cheap and part of Cornhill were hung with cloth of gold. The several companies and civic dignitaries lined the streets; and Hall tells us, "The goldsmiths' stalls unto the end of the Old Change, being replenished with virgins in white, with branches of white wax; the priestes and clearkes in rich copes, with crosses and censers of silver, censing his, grace and the queens also as they passed. The queens Katherine was sitting in hir litter, borne by two white palfries, the litter covered and richlie apparelled, and the palfries trapped in white cloth of gold; hir person apparelled in white satin imbroidered, hir hairs hanging downs to hir backs, beautifull and goodlie to behold, and on hir head a coronall set with manic rich orient stones."
The coronation was celebrated with brilliant "justs and turneies," which the king and queen witnessed from " a faire house covered with tapestrie."
Edward VI. was crowned February .20th, 1546. "He rode through London into Westminster," says Holinshed, "with as great roialtie as might be, the streets being hung, and pageants in divers places erected, to testifie the good willes of the citizens.. . . .. . . . . . As he passed on the south part of Paule's churchyard, an Argosine came from the battlements of Paule's church upon a cable, being made fast to an anchor by the deane's gate, lieing on his breast, aiding himselfe neither with hand nor foot, and after ascended to the middest of the cable, where he tumbled and plaied many prettie toies, whereat the king and the nobles had good pastime."
At this coronation, when the three swords, for the three kingdoms, were brought to be carried before him, the king observed, that there was yet one wanting, and called for the BIBLE. "That," said he, "is the sword of the spirit, and ought in all right to govern us, who use these for the people's safety, by God's appointment. Without that sword we are nothing: we can do nothing. From that we
are what we are this day.....we receive whatsoever it is that we at this present do assume. Under that we ought to live, to fight, to govern the people, and to perform all our affairs. From that alone we obtain all power, virtue, grace, salvation, and whatsoever we have of divine strength."
Mary, the first female sovereign of this realm, was crowned on the 1st of October, 1553, by Stephen Gardiner, bishop of Winchester, the archbishops of York and Canterbury being then prisoners in the Tower. On the last day of September she went in stag from the Tower to Westminster in an open chariot, drawn by six horses, covered with cloth of tissue. In a second chariot came the princess Elizabeth and the lady Anne of Cleves; the ladies in waiting rode upon horses covered with trappings of crimson velvet and satin. Three pageants were erected in Fenchurch-street by the Genoese, Easterling, and Florentine merchants.
Among the city pageants, the most remarkable was that of St. Paul's cathedral, thus described, by Holinshed :--`There was one Peter, a Dutchman, that stood on the weathercock of Paule's steeple, holding a streamer in his hand of five yards long, and waiving thereof, stood sometimes on the one foot and shooke the other, and then kneeled on his knees, to the great marvell of all people. He had made two scaffolds under him, one about the crosse, having torches and streamers set on it, and another over the ball of the crosse, likewise set with streamers and torches, which could not burn, the wind was so great. The said Peter had sixteen pounds, thirteen shillings, four pense for his costes, and paines, and all his Stuffe."
The conduits ran with wine, and, when the civic authorities received the queen at Cheape, the chamberlain: presented her with a purse of tissue containing a thousand marks in gold.
Speed's account of the procession of queen Elizabeth contains some particulars too remarkable to be omitted. "All things in readinesse, upon the fourteenth of January, with great triumphes and sumptuous shewes, shee passed thorow London, towards Westminster, to receive her imperiall crowne; but before shee entered her chariot in the Tower, acknowledging that the seat was God's into which shee was to enter, and shee his vicegerent to wield the English sceptre; in that royall assembly, with eyes and hands elevated to heaven, upon her knees, she prayed for his assistance, as Solomon did for wisedome when he tooke the like charge; with a thankfull remembrance unto God for his continued preservation, who had brought her thorow great dangers unto that present dignitie."
She was crowned the 25th of January, 1555, by Oglethorpe bishop of Carlisle, the see of Canterbury being vacant by the death of Cardinal Pole. Holinshed says that she composed the following prayer as she went to her coronation:
`O Lord, Almightie and Everlasting God, I give thee most heartie thanks that thou hast beene so mercifull into me, as to spare me to behold this ioifull daie. And I acknowledge that thou hast delt as wonderfullie, and as mercifullie' with me, as thou didst with thy true and faithfull servant Daniell, thy prophet, whome thou deliveredst out the den from the crueltie of the greedy and roaring lions. Even so was I overwhelmed, and only by thee delivered. To thee, therefore, onelie be thanks, honor, and praise, forever. Amen."
The ceremonial for the coronation of James I. was prepared under the superintendence of that monarch, and displays many marks of the pedantry and extravagant notions of the royal prerogative, which form so large a portion of his character. He created two earls, ten barons, sixty-two knights of the Bath, and conferred the honour of knighthood on about four hundred gentlemen.
The coronation of Charles I. was delayed until the 5th of February, 1626, in consequence of the plague, which then reigned in London. The principal novelty was the introduction of the following clause in one of the prayers: "Let him obtain favour for thy people, like Aaron in the tabernacle, Elisha in the waters, Zacharias in the temple. Give him Peter's key of discipline and Paul's doctrine."
In the year 1633 Charles I. went to be crowned king of Scotland at Edinburgh. He was received with great splendour, and several pageants were prepared to honour his reception. The most singular was a triumphal arch, under which a mountain was raised in the form of a theatre, upon which sat a nymph, representing the Genius of the city of Edinburgh. "Shee wasattired in a sea-greene velvet mantle; her sleeves and under roabe of blew tissue, with blew buskins on her feete; about her necks shee wore a chaine of diamonds, the dressing of her head represented a castle with turrets, her locks dangled upon her shoulders." She was attended by Religion, "all in white taffeta, with a blewmantle seeded with starres, and a crown of stones on her head, to skew from whence she is," leaning upon a shield, and trampling beneath her feet Superstition, represented as a blind old woman, covered with rags. On the left hand stood Justice, in "a red damaske mantle," trampling upon Oppression, represented as " a person of fierce aspects, in armes, but broken all and scattered."
Charles II., having been invited to Scotland by the Presbyterians, was crowned at Scone, January 1, 1651. On this occasion a most extraordinary sermon was preached by "Master Robert Dowglas, minister at Edinburgh, moderator of the General Assembly, from 2 Kings xi. verses 12--17." The preacher delivered a fierce philippic against the young king's father and mother, the latter of whom be compared to the wicked Athaliah.
When the ceremony was concluded, "the minister spoke to him a word of exhortation; " that is to say, a long oration, scarcely less offensive than the sermon.
James's coronation, April 23, 1685, was celebrated with so much splendour, that it rendered him for a considerable time popular in London. The most remarkable anecdote connected with the solemnity is, that, on the king's return from the Abbey, the crown tottered upon his bead, and would have fallen off, had not the Honourable Henry Sidney supported it, saying, "This is not the first time our family have supported the crown." -
WILLIAM AND MARY.
For the first time in England both the king and the queen were crowned as sovereigns. The ceremonial was very stately and cold; it took place on the 11th of April, 1689, the bishop of London officiating instead of the archbishop of Canterbury (Sancroft), who scrupled to place the crown upon the head of sovereigns who claimed it by a parliamentary title, and not by hereditary descent, and what he called divine right.
Anne was crowned April 23. 1702 ; her husband, prince George of Denmark, was present, but took no prominent part in the ceremony. The queen gave the kiss of peace to the archbishop and the other prelates; but, when the temporal peers did their homage, they only seemingly kissed her majesty's left cheek. As parliament was sitting, galleries were provided for members of the House of Commons, both in the Hall and the Abbey, and a sumptuous dinner was prepared for them in the Exchequer Chamber.
George I. was crowned at Westminster, October 20, 1714, with the usual solemnities. The king did not understand English, and few of those around him could speak German, so that the ceremonies had to be explained to his majesty in such Latin as those near him could command: this gave rise to the popular jest, that much bad language had passed between the king and his ministers on the day of the coronation.
George II. and queen Caroline were crowned October 11, 1727, with the usual solemnities, but nothing occurred to give any variety or interest scene.
George III. and queen Charlotte were crowned the 22nd of September, 1761.
In the Gentleman's Magazine for 1764, p. 28, is an extract from a letter addressed to the duke of Devonshire, which contains the following singular anecdote:--"The young Pretender himself was in Westminster Hall during the coronation, and in town two or three days before and after it, under the name of Mr. Brown. A gentleman told me so, who saw him there, and who whispered in his ear, `Your royal highness is the last of all mortals whom I should expect to see here."--"It was curiosity that led me,' said the other: "but I assure you,' added he, "that the person who is the cause of all this pomp and magnificence is the man I envy the least!' "
When the champion cast down his gauntlet for the last time, a white glove fell from one of the spectators, who was in an elevated situation; on its being handed to the champion, he demanded, "Who was his fair foe ?" The glove was said to have been thrown by the young chevalier, who was present in female attire.
The coronation of George IV., which took place on July 19, 1821, was the most splendid ever celebrated in England.
A special act of parliament was passed to enable the duke of Norfolk, who was a Roman Catholic, to perform the functions of earl marshal on the day of the coronation. He also, as premier peer of England, returned thanks for the sovereign when the king's health was toasted by the peers.
During the coronation feast the king acknowledged the different services performed according to ancient usage very graciously, save only when the cup of wine was presented by the lord mayor and citizens of London. His majesty treated these gentlemen with marked coolness, and did not acknowledge their service by any salutation.
The account of this coronation given by Sir Walter Scott is so graphic and lively, that we think it will gratify our readers to insert an abridgment of it.
"The effect of the scene in the Abbey was beyond measure magnificent. The altar surrounded by the fathers of the church--the king encircled by the nobility of the land and the councillors of his throne, and by warriors, wearing the honoured marks of distinction bought by many a glorious danger--add to this, the rich spectacle of the aisles crowded with waving plumage, and coronets, and caps of honour, and the sun, which brightened and saddened as if on purpose, now beaming in full lustre on the rich and varied assemblage, and now darting a solitary ray, which eatched, as it passed, the glittering folds of a banner, or the edge of a group of battle-axes or partizans, and then rested full on some fair form, `the cynosure of neigbouriug eyes,' whose circlet of diamonds glistened under its influence. Imagine all this, and then tell me if I have made my journey of four hundred miles to little purpose.
"The box assigned to the foreign ambassadors presented a most brilliant effect, and was perfectly in a blaze with diamonds. When the sunshine lighted on Prince Esterhazy, in particular, he glimmered like a galaxy. An honest Persian was also a remarkable figure, from the dogged and impenetrable gravity with which he looked on the whole scene, without ever moving a limb or a muscle during the space of four hours. Like Sir. Wilful Witwoud, I cannot find that your Persian is orthodox; for, if he scorned everything else, there was a Mahometan paradise extended on his right hand along the seats which were occupied by the peeresses and their daughters, which the Prophet himself might have looked on with emotion."
But, in truth, the only interesting spectacle connected with this feast was the challenge of the champion, which is now not only unmeaning but illegal; for it is directly contrary to the statute abolishing wager of battle in all cases whatsoever.
The arrangements for the coronation of William IV. and Queen Adelaide were a compromise between economy and parade. The procession from the Hall to the Abbey, and the coronation feast in the Hall, were omitted. The popular enthusiasm was greater, however, than on any former occasion. The new entrance to St. James's Park was opened for the first time, and in the evening the metropolis was universally illuminated. The very lanes and alleys tenanted by the poor classes were lighted, to testify the loyal affection of even the humblest for "the sailor king."
VALUE of THE CROWN JEWELS.
The ruby: in the crown of state is valued at 10,000 l ., and the aqua marina , which forms the mound, is still more precious. When the notorious Colonel Blood had nearly succeeded in stealing the crown from the Tower, the ruby fell in the struggle, and was not recovered for several days, when it was picked up by a poor old woman who was sweeping a crossing. The values of the other jewels have not been ascertained, with the exception of those in the crown worn by the queen consort on her return to Westminster Hall, which have been estimated as follows:--
Twenty diamonds round the circle, 1500 l . each £30,000
Two large centre diamonds, 2000 l . each £4,000
Fifty-four smaller diamonds placed at the angles of the former £100
Four crosses, each composed of 25 diamonds £12,000
Four large diamonds on the tops of the crosses £40,000
Twelve diamonds contained in the fleur de its £10,000
Eighteen smaller diamonds contained in the same £2,000
Pearls, diamonds, &c., on the arches and crosses £10,000
One hundred and forty-one diamonds on the mound £500
Twenty-six diamonds on the upper cross £3,000
Two circles of pearls about the rim £300
The ancient coronation robes which were destroyed in 1649, do not appear to have been very valuable, if we may judge from the enumeration given of them by the parliamentary commissioners, from which we have before quoted. In their report we find the following " Inventory of the Regalia, now in Westminster Abbey, in an iron chest," where they were formerly kept.
One common taffaty robe, very old, valued at . 10 s
One robe laced with gould lace, valued at . . 10 s
One silver cullered silk robe, very old, and worth nothing
One robe of crimsun tatfaty sarcenet, valued at 5 s
One paire of buskins, cloth of silver and silver stockings, very old, and valued at 2 s 6 d .
One paire of shoes of cloth of gold at 2 s
One paire of gloves, embroidered with gould, at 1s
Three swords with scabbards of cloth of gould, at £3
One old comb of horne, worth nothing
Totals in the chest . . £4 10 s 6 d
The comb, which is here dismissed so contemptuously, was supposed to have belonged to Edward the Confessor, and was used in the ancient forms of coronation, to smooth the king's hair previous to the anointing.
KINGS AT ARMS.
The dresses of the kings-at-arms, heralds, and pursuivants, add considerable splendour to the ceremonial of a coronation. The kings-at-arms wear tabards, or surcoats of velvet and cloth of gold, on which the royal insignia are emblazoned; these tabards resemble sleeveless gowns in form, hut they are furnished with wings, which fold over the arms. They wear also collars of SS, that is, composed of links shaped like the letter s, made of silver gilt, with budges at the centre, containing the shamrock, rose, and thistle, enamelled in their proper colours. They are also entitled to wear coronets, or plain circles of gold, decorated with sixteen upright leaves, eight of which are long, and eight short. So important was the office of king-at-arms anciently held, that a solemn ceremony was appointed for their inauguration. In fact, it was the mimicry of a royal coronation, except that the unction was performed with wine instead of oil. In Scotland, Sir David Lindesay was crowned Lyon king-of-arms by his sovereign, with the ancient crown which the monarchs wore before they assumed a close crown, a. D. 1592.
London: Printed and Published by MURDO YOUNG, of No. 112, Strand, at The Sun Office. No. 112, Strand, in the county of Middlesex. Thursday, June 28, 1838.